75 terms

AP Lit Vocab 1-3

Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Workshop Level H (2005 edition) - Unit 1
STUDY
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Terms in this set (...)

adjunct
(noun)
something added to something else as helpful or useful but not essential; an assistant or helper; a valuable quality or characteristic

(adjective)
added or connected in a subordinate capacity; attached to a faculty or staff in an auxiliary capacity
bellwether
(noun)
the male sheep that leads the flock to the slaughterhouse; a leader, as in a desperate or violent undertaking; an indicator of trends
caterwaul
(verb)
to howl or screech like a cat; to quarrel

(noun)
a harsh or noisy cry; a racket
chimerical
(adjective)
absurd; wildly fantastic; impossible
effete
(adjective)
lacking in wholesome vigor or energy; worn-out or exhausted; sterile or unable to produce; out-of-date
fait accompli
(noun)
an accomplished and presumably irreversible deed, fact, or action
hidebound
(adjective)
narrow-minded and rigid, especially in opinions or prejudices; stubbornly and unthinkingly conservative
hierarchy
(noun)
any system of things or people arranged or graded one above another in order of rank, wealth, class, etc.
liturgy
(noun)
a religious service or rite; the form of a ritual or other act of public worship
laissez-faire
(adjective)
a philosophy or practice characterized by a usually deliberate abstention from direction or interference, especially with individual freedom of choice and action
morass
(noun)
a patch of low, soft, wet ground; a swamp; a confusing situation in which one is entrapped, as in quicksand
noisome
(adjective)
offensive or disgusting; foul-smelling; harmful or injurious
oblivious
(adjective)
forgetful; unaware
poltroon
(noun)
a base coward
proselyte
(noun)
a convert; a disciple
quasi
(adjective)
resembling but not actually being; seemingly but not actually or completely
raillery
(noun)
good-humored ridicule; teasing
ribald
(adjective)
irreverently mocking; coarse, vulgar, or indecent in language
supine
(adjective)
lyng flat on one's back; listless or lethargic; apathetic or passive
vignette
(noun)
a short description or sketch; a picture or illustration with edges that gradually shade off; a decorative design on the title page of a book or at the beginning or end of a chapter
foreshadowing
prepping the reader for the future; hints
stream of consciousness
attempts to reproduce the full and uninterrupted flow of a character's mental process, in which ideas, memories, and sense impressions mingle without logical transitions. Need not use conventional grammar.
flashback
scene that interrupts present action to depict earlier event.
frame story
story that contains another story usually significant to the main story
flashforward
glimpses of the future; often creates suspense/curiosity
aegis
(n.) protection; patronage; sponsorship
apprise
(v.) to inform of; to make aware of by giving oral or written notice
bibulous
(adj.) fond of or inclined to drink; absorbent
claque
(n.) a group of people hired to applaud a performer or performance; enthusiastic or fawning admirers; an opera hat
deracinate
(v.) to pull up by the roots; to root out, uproot, or dislocate; to eliminate all traces of
eleemosynary
(adj.) charitable; dependent upon or supported by charity; derived from or provided by charity
indigenous
(adj.) originating in the country or region where found, native; inborn; inherent
lachrymose
(adj.) given to tears or weeping; causing to shed tears; mournful, lugubrious
lexicon
(n.) a dictionary of a language; the special vocabulary of a person, group, or subject; a compendium
melee
(n.) a confused struggle; a violent free-for-all; a tumultuous mingling
microcosm
(n.) a miniature world or universe; a group or system viewed as the model of a larger group or system
minuscule
(adj.) very small, tiny; (n.) a lowercase letter
obfuscate
(v.) to darken or obscure; to confuse or bewilder
paternalism
(n.) the policy or practice of treating or governing people in the manner of a father dealing with his children
polarize
(v.) to cause to concentrate around two conflicting or contrasting positions; to cause light to vibrate in a pattern
purview
(n.) the range, extent, or scope of something; in law, the scope or limit of what is provided in a statute
sanguine
(adj) having a ruddy complexion; of a naturally cheerful, confident, or optimistic outlook
solecism
(n.) a substandard or ungrammatical usage; a breach of etiquette; any impropriety or mistake
vassal
(n.) a person under the protection of a feudal lord to whom he or she owes allegiance; a subordinate or dependent; a servant; (adj.) subservient
verisimilitude
(n.) the quality of appearing to be true, real, likely, or probable
narrative pace
how quickly or slowly a writer takes a reader through a piece
point of view
the person or intelligence a writer creates to tell the story
speaker
The voice used by an author to tell a story or speak a poem. The speaker is often a created identity, and should not automatically be equated with the author
narrator
a person/character who tells a story
persona (mask)
an assumed role of a character that represents the thoughts of a writer or a specific person the writer wants to present as his mouthpiece.
ancillary
(adj.) subordinate or supplementary
bowdlerize
(v.) to remove material considered offensive (from a book, play, film, etc.)
condescend
(v.) to come down or stoop voluntarily to a lower level; to deal with people in a patronizing manner
cozen
(v.) to trick; to cheat or swindle
enclave
(n.) an enclosed district, region, or area inhabited by a particular group of people or having a special character
forte
(n.) a person's strong point; what a person does best
gratis
(adj.) free; (adv.) without charge
icon
(n.) a representation or image of a sacred personage, often considered sacred itself; an image or picture; a symbol; a graphic symbol on a computer monitor display; an object of blind devotion
interstice
(n.) a small, narrow space between things or parts of things
macrocosm
(n.) the universe considered as a whole; the entire complex structure of something
mountebank
(n.) a trickster or swindler; a charlatan
paean
(n.) a song of praise, a joy, or triumph
persiflage
(n.) lighthearted joking, talk, or writing
plethora
(n.) overfullness; superabundance; superfluity
pragmatic
(adj.) concerned with practical considerations or values; dealing with actions and results rather than with abstract theory; stiff in one's opinions
quizzical
(adj.) puzzled; mocking; odd; equivocal
rapacity
(n.) inordinate greed; the disposition to obtain one's desires by force, extortion, or plunder
schism
(n.) a formal split with a religious organization; any division or separation of a group or organization into hostile factions
therapeutic
(adj.) having the power to heal or cure; beneficial
virtuoso
(n.) a brilliant performer; a person with masterly skill or technique; (adj.) masterly or brilliant
dialogue
exchange of words between characters
interior monologue
the stream of consciousness revelation of a character's internal thoughts
parallel scenes
one or more scenes in which the same thing is happening to two different individuals OR two or more scenes that contain similar elements in order to reveal deeper meaning
denouement
final revelations that occur after the main conflict is resolved
anaphora
the deliberate repetition of the first part of the sentence in order to achieve an artistic effect