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Life of Christ Final (Unit 1, 2, and 3)
Terms in this set (64)
Opinion or doctrine at odds with established religious beliefs.
Source that is supported by documented evidence and is accepted by most experts.
Announced his canon as the only official and inspired scripture of the time.
Interweaving of the gospels into one account.
Official standard by which other things are measured.
There were early accounts of the life of Christ circulating among churches with authors who are not in the New Testament.
The 1st authoritative statement that lists our 27 New Testaments.
Importance of Easter AD 367.
There were other writings circulating at that time that spread heresy.
Why did it become important for the early Church to formally compile the New Testament?
Universally accepted in holy scripture, accepted by majority, those considered unacceptable
3 categories Eusebius developed for the early church to use in determining what books should or shouldn't be in the New Testament.
That you may know
People from any nation other than Israel.
That you may believe
That you may understand
To view together
Lived near the Dead Sea in community similar to a monestary
That you may see
Militant group of Jews with strong anti-Roman feelings
Who ruled the world when Jesus was born?
Supreme council of the Jews
Matthew, Mark, Luke
3 synoptic gospels
(T or F) There was a period of 400 years of silence from God between the Old & New Testaments
Jews - anticipation, Greeks - one language, Romans - conquered the world; reign of peace
3 groups that were critical in the preparing the world for the Messiah being born and 1 contribution from each
John's gospel focuses on Jesus' teachings, not events.
1 major difference between the synoptic gospels and John's gospel
God's timing is always perfect, God uses time to mold us into what He wants us to be
2 ways that the fullness of time relates to us as believers in our walk with Jesus
Myth 1: Mary rode into Bethlehem on a donkey
It only says Joseph went there to be registered for the censes and while they were there, Mary gave birth to her firstborn.
-Bible doesn't specify
Myth 2: Mary gave birth the night she arrived in Bethlehem
The Bible states, "While they were there, the days were completed for her delivery."
-Most likely she went well in advance of the baby's birth.
Myth 3: Jesus was born in a stable
In the Bible, they reference a manger, indicating what we believe to be a stable.
Myth 4: Jesus was born on December 25th
Many things argue against this such as the weather. (shepherds and Mary's travels).
-It is highly likely it wasn't December. The Bible doesn't specify.
Myth 5: Angels sang the night of Jesus' birth
Angels came to the shepherds praising, but it says they were "saying" not singing.
-No indication of Biblical account of Angels singing.
Myth 6: Angels were present at Jesus' birth
This is highly likely.
-No Biblical reference.
Myth 7: Three kings on camels visited Jesus soon after his birth
In the Bible, we assume since there were three gifts, we assume there were three wisemen as well.
-There is no Biblical account giving us an exact number.
Jesus was legal heir to the throne of ___________________________
What do you know about the reputation of some of the women in Jesus' genealogy?
What angel visited Mary and what does the name Jesus mean?
Gabriel visited Mary; Jehovah saves
What is the name of Mary's song?
When the angel appeared to Joseph who did the angel say caused Mary to become pregnant?
The Holy Spirit
What was revolutionary about John the Baptist?
John's message was about showing repentance
What was it about John the Baptist that people wondered if he was the Messiah?
He was very unusual. He also had many followers.
What was it about John the Baptist that made Herod nervous? What did he do about it?
Herod was nervous that John would turn people against him because he preached to the common people and rulers. Herod later had John the Baptist beheaded.
Why was Jesus baptized?
He was baptized to fulfill righteousness, align himself with sinful man, and to ultimately launch a public ministry. This set an example for others.
Name three phenomena during Jesus' baptism.
1. He saw the Heavens open
2. He saw the Spirit descending "like a dove" on him
3. He heard a voice out of the heavens saying, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."
What did the voice from Heaven during his baptism reveal about Jesus?
That God was pleased with his only Son and it gave His affirmation to Jesus.
Why was Jesus tempted?
Incarnation (coming in flesh) required Jesus to empty himself of divine prerogatives. The temptations also demonstrated human ability to resist temptations. He ultimately wanted to show how Jesus had the same weapons that we have when we are tempted: Holy Spirit and God's Word.
What does 'diablos' mean?
Greek word meaning "slanderer".
What made these men declare that they have found the Christ? Read John 1:35-51
John's disciples first refer to Jesus as the "lamb of God". Andrew found his brother, Simon, John tells James. Andrew first asked where Jesus lived and that is when Andrew came to know Jesus. Then more came to follow. The saw Jesus do public ministry.
What is the lesson for us about Jesus turning water into wine? John 2:1-12
When you lack in life of anything, God can make your lack good. (share a story)
What do we learn about Christ in this passage? John 2:13-22
Jesus was furious that the place of worship wasn't being used properly. This demonstrates the Messianic authority of Christ. We can learn that Christ has ultimate authority.
Who was Matthew written to?
Gentiles, Christians, and Romans
Who was Mark written to?
To a friend Theophilus, Greek speaking world
Who was Luke written to?
Who was John written to?
Jesus-- The promised Messiah and King
Academic Theme of Matthew
Jesus-- Servant and Wonder worker
Academic Theme of Mark
The divine man as the world's Savior
Academic Theme of Luke
Jesus-- Christ; Eternal Son of God
Academic Theme of John
Arranged by topic, not chronological
One characteristic of Matthew
One characteristic of Mark
Contains songs of praise and prayers
One characteristic of Luke
Filled with symbolism
One characteristic of John
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