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Belinda Pineda semester exam
Terms in this set (50)
People that read and write about the human past
What are archaeologists
a person who learns about the human past by fossils and artifacts
What are artifacts
objects made and used by early humans, usually dug up by archaeologists
Animal and plant remains that have been preserved over time are know as
During which era of history were the use of stone tools first used?
Anthropologists are scientists that
Study past and present human cultures
How would you describe the lifestyle of nomads?
having no fixed home, moving from place to place in search of food, water, or grazing land
The process of controlling a plant or animal for human purposes of food, work, or companionship is know as
What is specialization?
Global trade between a few countries to produce goods to be self-sufficient
What is bipedal ?
Biped is an animal that walks on two feet, such an animal is said to be bipedal
What is an Ice age?
The freezing times
How are archaeologists and detectives similar?
They both look for clues to prove a point
What feature has made modern man so successful and easily adaptable to different situations and environments?
The climate change.
What were domesticated animals used for?
To eat and to be forced to do work for human needs
What type of lifestyle did hunter gatherers lead?
Usually they lead the nomadic life.
What does the term agriculture mean?
It means that life was made into a better and more inhabitable place.
Why is social hierarchy often described as pyramid shaped?
Because it starts at the top with the king then goes to the bottom where there is peasants.
During this time in history, what determined a person's class status?
Their skills they have in life.
What is Culture?
Knowledge, arts, and stories.
What is the purpose of religion?
It is a way to show your own beliefs in an unknown odd way.
Which rivers flooded regularly were the site of ancient Civilizations?
The Nile, The Tigris, and The Euphrates Rivers.
What is the purpose of a writing system?
To record stories in an easier way.
What led to interaction among people and spread of culture?
The first known civilization known as summers.
What is cultural diffusion?
Its when one culture is the stepping stone to forming a new culture like the Catholic religion was diffused into the well known religion today known as Christianity.
Where were the worlds first civilization built 5,000 years ago?
What two main rivers are locates in Mesopotamia?
Tigris and Euphrates.
How did the agricultural revolution lead to the development of larger and more advanced cities?
People where looking for ways of life and that changed to more advanced and better ways of life in bigger cities.
What is a pharaoh?
It is a king in ancient Egypt.
What does polytheistic mean?
It means that there is more than one god.
What is fibrous water plant used by ancient Egyptians to create a material used to write on?
What is mummification?
Its when Egyptians mummify a dead person and they preserve their body and their belongings are kept with them some of their belongings so that when they went into their afterlife they have all those items.
What was the source of all life in ancient Egypt, which other wise would be barren dessert?
The Nile River.
What enriched the soiled and improved yearly harvests?
The Nile River.
How many Gods and Goddesses did ancient Egyptians worship?
What was the role of gods and goddess?
Who was responsible for creating laws, collecting taxes, and protecting Egypt from foreign invaders?
What is the greatest achievement of Menes?
Building the Great Pyramids of Giza.
Are the accounts of ancient historians always accurate? Why or why not?
No, because they need prof to prove their theories and anyone can find a way to prove someone else's theory incomplete or wrong.
What is Ancient Greece often called?
The cartel of western civilization.
Why was a large wooden horse used in the Trojan war?
To trick the Trojans so that a ton of Greek soldiers can just basically walk in.
How are vases from ancient Greece decorated?
With stories about special greek events that happened.
What did each city state have?
Their own government.
What is the difference between tyranny and a democracy?
Tyranny is when one person takes control of a city-state by force, and democracy is when all the people a whole vote for their leaders.
What allowed Sparta to become powerful and successful?
Them training boys since they where 6 years old.
What is Athens known for?
Their arts, music, mathematics, and the investment of geometry.
What type of government did Athens have?
Who was the king of all gods?
What was the purpose of the Olympic games?
To worship zeus.
Who invented geometry?
Euclid, Pythagoras, and Euclid invented geometry.
What did gods and goddesses control?
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