CJH 8th American History Midterm
Terms in this set (58)
First successful/permanent English settlement in the new world.
Powhatan Indian chiefs daughter who helped the settlers at Jamestown survive.
Winter in which many of the colonist at Jamestown starved to death.
A person who came to America to work for a specified time to repay a "debt" and were not paid for their services.
A person forced to complete manual labor with no compensation (pay)
Set of laws (rules) made by the Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower. The first "government" in the New World
Native American who helped the Pilgrims through the first winter by teaching them about the land and how to plant food. (Thanksgiving)
Farmer who raided a federal arsenal to arm himself and other farmers in preparation for a rebellion against the government for non payment.
Separatist who left England in search of religious freedoms.
Anne Hutchinson (Roger Williams)
Woman put on trial for being a "witch" after teaching bible classes in her house. (These two began a new colony open to different religious feelings known as Rhode Island
Salem Witch Trials
Trials in Massachusetts Bay Colony in which many were put on trial accused of being witches and many were put to death.
Founder of the debtor colony of Georgia where many English prisoners were sent to repay their debt to society
Quaker who founded Pennsylvania
System set up to increase the population of New Netherland in which a person was given a large land grant in return for bringing 50+ new people to the new colonies in the New World.
(Georgia) Colony between the majority of the colonies and lands held by another country, such as Florida (Spanish)
First Great Awakening
Religious Revival that swept the colonies in the 1730's-1740's.
Articles of Confederation
The first attempt by the colonist to set up a new government. Very weak didn't allow for the government to raise taxes. Ultimately failed
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
The first written Constitution in America. Written in the new colony of Connecticut as a new government
The second leg of triangular trade in which slaves were brought to America
British idea that the colonies were OK to be left alone to rule themselves as long as the remained obedient to Great Britain.
Founding Father and leader of the Albany plan of Union who said if the colonies didn't join together they would surely die seperate. (Snake pic)
Albany Plan of Union
The plan to form a union of colonies in which all would give up or gain some powers and work together for the good of all
John Peter Zenger
First steps toward freedom of the press in America. Newspaper publisher who accussed New York's governor of corruption and was put on trial. He was acquitted because the charges were true.
French and Indian War
War between the British, along with Native and French over who would control the Ohio River Valley
Person who hunted and explored the regions of Tennessee before it became a state
Also known as Warriors Path, the road served as the main "highway' from the east to western lands in the late 1700's. Traveled by Daniel Boone and others to explore the new frontiers of Tennessee and Kentucky
Frontiersman/Explorer who gathered men to make the Wilderness Road safer for travel leading more people westward.
Thomas Sharpe Spencer
Doctor who was One of the first settlers of the Cumberland Plateau in Middle/Eastern Tennessee
Watauga Purchase and Compact
Agreement and land purchase between the new settlers of Tennessee and the Cherokee Indian Tribe.
The Declaration of Independence
Formal document that announced the separation of America from Great Britain
Author of the Declaration of Independence and founding father of the United States. Third President of the United States
Economic theory that says a nations power depends on its ability to increase wealth.
The Proclamation of 1763
Law passed by the British that said no one could settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
British law that said all paper products must have a stamp on them which meant that all paper products would have a tax
British tax placed on all sugar, molasses and other sugar products
Fight between the British and Colonist which began as a "snowball fight" and quickly escalated when shots were fired. Crispus Attucks was the colonist killed.
Boston Tea Party
Colonial response to the tax placed on tea by the British. The Sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans and threw 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor under the cover of darkness.
Founding Father and second president of the United States who led America through the XYZ Affair.
Sons of Liberty
Group of men who were opposed to the British policies being handed down during the mid 1700's. Patrick Henry and Samuel Adams were among the founding members
Son of Liberty who said "Give me liberty or give me death"
Author of Common Sense, a pamphlet urging the citizens of the colonies to come together to fight the British policies and for independence from our mother country.
First battle of the American Revolution. Shot heard 'round the world.
First president of the United States and the first leader of the American military forces.
Traitor. Began the Revolutionary War as an American soldier and soon committed treason against America.
Paid soldier. Soldier paid by the British to fight American forces during the American Revolution
American name for Cherokee woman who was the "go between" or ambassador between the Americans and the Cherokee.
"Father of Middle Tennessee". ONe of the first settlers and politicians to settle Middle Tennessee.
Loyalist v Patriots
People who remained loyal to Great Britain vs. People who wanted to fight the British for freedom
Land Ordinance of 1785/ Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Laws created to govern the requirements for colonies to apply for statehood.
Compromise for the Constitution that stated there would be 2 senators from each state, no matter the size and representation in the House of Representatives would be based on population of the state.
Compromise that would allow for a portion of slaves to be counted into a states population
Policy that says that states have the right to either agree and go along with federal laws or abolish them and create their own.
Checks and Balances
Government policy in which all branches of government check each other as to not allow one branch to become more powerful than any other
The separation of federal and state government
The first Secretary of the Treasury in America
Group of advisers to the President on all matters
Bill of Rights
First ten amendments of the Constitution of the United States
A formal plan of government in which the basis for the government and laws are written.