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Kinesiology Past Quizzes
Terms in this set (119)
A healthy % of subcutaneous fat in men is..
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) suggest the following guidelines for adult physical activity
30 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic activity, 5 days/week or 20 minutes of vigorous activity, 3 days/week
Another name for nonessential fat is
Assume an adult is 5'5, weighs 160lbs, and has a BMI of 26.6. The BMI would classify this person as
What is the reason the BMI calculated above may not represent the person's health status?
BMI does not distinguish between excess fat, muscle, or bone mass
According to the lecture, essential fat is what percentage of total body weight in females?
Men with a waist-to-hip ratio above ___ are considered high risk for cardiovascular disease
Sleeping problems can be an associated health problem with increased risk of chronic disease
The relative amounts of fat mass and fat-free mass is also referred to as
What are four ways to look at human body composition?
Medical, anthropological, performance, appearance
What is the lowest percentage of body fat a healthy male can have before compromising fat-free mass storage?
What is the main difference between lean body mass (LBM) and fat-free mass (FFM)?
The interpretation for LBM and FFM are exactly the same
Which body shape has the greatest risk for cardiovascular disease?
Which group has the highest relative risk of death?
Inactive and overweight
Which of the following is used to measure body composition?
Height and weight scales
According to the lecture, which of the following can be defined as "ability to sustain force over time"?
The ability of a muscle to do work is also called muscle ___.
Calculate the fat-free mass for this person: body mass = 185lbs, body fat = 13.&% (HINT: 1 kg = 2.2 lbs)
The ability to generate force quickly
Assuming that there are 75 patients in your medical practice. 25 of these patients are obese. You also note that 18 of the obese patients also have sleep apnea, while 9 of the "non-obese" patients also have sleep apnea. What is the relative risk of obesity with sleep apnea?
A balance test for neuromuscular control and the ability to transfer projection of the center of gravity is called
Star Exclusion Balance Test
Balance is only a dynamic process
Goniometry is predominantly used to measure arthrokinematics
Intra-rater reliability determines how well the same person can take a measurement.
Katherine is attempting a biceps curl with a 100N dumbbell. She is standing upright and her forearm is horizontal. The moment arm about Katherine's elbow joint is 30cm. What is the torque created about the elbow joint?
The point about which mass is evenly distributed is also called the _________.
Center of gravity
Passive range of motion is when the patient moves the joint through the arc of motion as far as possible using their musculature.
Power is defined at the rate at which work is done
Which of the following is considered an "end feel" when measuring range of motion?
If the moving joint surface if CONVEX, sliding is in the OPPOSITE direction of the angular movement of the bone.
The ability to produce a smooth pattern of activity through a combination of muscles acting together with appropriate intensity and timing is also called _______.
Picture with dumbbells starting at waist (arms long) and moving straight up and out to the sides (end in a T)
Which class lever describes the resistance located between the axis and the force, and requires a smaller effort to balance a larger resistive force?
The perpendicular distance between the line of action of the force and the axis of rotation is also called the ______.
Which of the following refers to the study of motion without consideration for the forces that causes them?
Person with arms behind head standing, squats down.
Osteokinematics describes the movement of the joint
Rotational movements of the body take place on which plane?
If your center of gravity falls outside of the base of support, you will not be able to maintain balance and will fall over.
The Achilles tendon inserts on the calcaneus at a distance of 8cm from the axis of the ankle joint. If the force generated by the muscles attached to the Achilles tendon is 3000 N and the moment arm of this force about the joint axis is 5 cm. What is the torque created by these muscles about the ankle joint?
A free throw in basketball is an example of which type of skill?
A squat is considered a _______ movement.
Primitive reflexes originate from which part of the brain?
Motor _________ is the study of neurophysiological factors that affect human movement.
Muscles, tendons, and joints are classified as which type of receptors?
Which of the following is a principle of motor development?
The sequence of development is the same but the rate of development varies between people.
Playing the piano is an example of which type of motor skill?
Practice for an open skill should include high variability.
Sensorimotor ___________ is the ability of the sensorimotor system to adapt to constraint to produce a task.
The Get Up and Go Task can be used in clinical environments to decide whether a patient is able to live by his/herself without aid.
The __________ pathways travel to the central nervous system, while the ____________ pathways travel away from the central nervous system.
The four domains of motor development are:
Cognitive, affective, motor, and physical
Motor development takes place in which order?
The measure of a person's accuracy is called
Dynamical systems are
Self-organizing, complex multifaceted, cooperative, discontinuous or constantly changing
When designing a sequence of practices, it is important to consider
Age, nature of task, gender
Constraints of dynamical systems are
Internal/organismic, external/environmental, task
The functional movement screen includes
Trunk stability push up, Inline lunge, deep squat
Process of motor learning
Learning occurs as a direct result of practice and/or experience
Which phase of motor learning produces the largest performance gains?
High ____ indicates that a (-) test is very meaningful.
In order to rule out a condition, the test should have high ____.
It is appropriate to deny subjects access to potential benefits of participating in research because they don't speak English.
Signed consent cannot be waived under any circumstance
The ethical principles in the _____ guide the review and conduct of human subjects research.
The proportion of subjects who were correctly diagnosed by a diagnostic or experimental test is also referred to as:
IRB stands for
Institutional Review Board
What does +LR of 4 mean?
A positive test is 4 times more likely in a patient with the condition that in a patient without the condition
What is the name of the form a subject must sign before participating in a research study?
When sensitivity = 0.7 and specificity = 0.85, the (-) Likelihood ratio = ?
When sensitivity = 0.8 and specificity = 0.85, the (+) Likelihood ratio = ?
Which person would qualify as someone from a vulnerable population?
A population of 1,000 people are screened for type II diabetes mellitus. Diagnosis requires an oral glucose tolerance test. Following the text, 100 of the people screened are diagnosed with type II diabetes. Furthermore, 180 tested positive for type II diabetes, but 100 didn't actually have the disease. What is the sensitivity of this test?
A population of 1,000 people are screened for type II diabetes mellitus. Diagnosis requires an oral glucose tolerance test. Following the text, 100 of the people screened are diagnosed with type II diabetes. Furthermore, 180 tested positive for type II diabetes, but 100 didn't actually have the disease. What is the positive predictive value that someone who screens positive actually has type II diabetes?
A population of 1,000 people are screened for type II diabetes mellitus. Diagnosis requires an oral glucose tolerance test. Following the text, 100 of the people screened are diagnosed with type II diabetes. Furthermore, 180 tested positive for type II diabetes, but 100 didn't actually have the disease. What is the negative predictive value that if someone screens negative, they don't have type II diabetes?
A population of 1,000 people are screened for type II diabetes mellitus. Diagnosis requires an oral glucose tolerance test. Following the text, 100 of the people screened are diagnosed with type II diabetes. Furthermore, 180 tested positive for type II diabetes, but 100 didn't actually have the disease. What is the positive likelihood ration if the specificity is .89?
A population of 1,000 people are screened for type II diabetes mellitus. Diagnosis requires an oral glucose tolerance test. Following the text, 100 of the people screened are diagnosed with type II diabetes. Furthermore, 180 tested positive for type II diabetes, but 100 didn't actually have the disease. What is the accuracy of the test?
A population of 1,000 people are screened for type II diabetes mellitus. Diagnosis requires an oral glucose tolerance test. Following the text, 100 of the people screened are diagnosed with type II diabetes. Furthermore, 180 tested positive for type II diabetes, but 100 didn't actually have the disease. Are you most likely to rule out or rule in the diagnosis?
Both were high, so I would be able to rule out and rule in the diagnosis
HIPPA identifiable date includes
Fax numbers, email address, street address, license number, zip code
What can improve happiness?
Writing or expressing gratitude
An athlete's optimal attentional field is often too _________ when s/he experiences low arousal.
Brief periods of overtraining are a normal and planned part of training regimes
Difficulty doing activities of daily life is also termed
Direction and intensity of effort are related
Disablement models affect treatment options and direct care
Disablement models are linear
Diseases, injury, congenital or developmental conditions are also called
Functional limitations due to impairment have both external and internal components.
Research shows that meditation can decrease stress and improve the ability to learn.
Dysfunction and structural abnormalities in specific body systems is also called
The idea that there is an optimal level of arousal for peak performance is called the:
Inverted U Hypothesis
There is an optimal level of anxiety for peak performance across multiple sports.
Possible coping mechanisms for high arousal are
Relaxation response, thought and breath control
Risk factors for impairment are
Emotional, biological, psychological
The definition of health-related quality of life includes
Physical state, mental state, social well-being (disease not mentioned)
Increased arousal can cause increased muscle tension and can interfere with coordination.
Which of the following psychological orientations involves the study of how behavior is determined by both the environment and cognition?
Which of the following is a psychological state associated with athlete exhaustion?
Mindfulness is the state of being hyper aware of your own physiology
Main processes of health coaching
Engaging, evoking, planning
A collection of signs and symptoms that are representative of a single condition is termed:
A permanently disabling condition resulting from damage to the developing brain occurring before, during or after birth is termed:
All spinal cord injuries lead to paraplegia
All syndromes lead to developmental disabilities
An individual with an IQ 2 standard deviations below normal may have an intellectual disability
Aphasia is defined as
The inability to speak
Atrophy is largely present in what kind of injuries?
Lower motor neuron injury
Cerebral vascular accidents often result in hemiplegia
Cognitive decline can occur in advanced stages of multiple sclerosis.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is caused by drinking during breast-feeding.
Heat can trigger MS symptoms
The absence of dystrophin often leads to
Which of the following disorders effects the normal development of the brain relating to social, physical and communicative interaction?
Causes of developmental disabilities include
Alcohol use, social environment, genetics
_____________ is when a blood vessel ruptures and causes bleeding and pressure on the brain structures, while ____________ is when blood flow to a portion of the brain is stopped.
Guillain barre syndrome is an ascending paralysis
Myasthenia gravis can present in what parts of the body?
Face, arms, legs
The best tools to use when talking to someone who is considering a behavior change are...
Ask them questions and listen, summarize their thoughts, build their confidence
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is
An upper and lower motor neuron disorder
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