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Western Civ 13
Terms in this set (51)
Popular religion in the Late Middle Ages and Renaissance was marked by
greater popular belief in the spiritual utility of relics and indulgences.
The religious reformer who "laid the egg that Luther hatched" was
The reforming religious organization of the late fifteenth century that included both clergy and laymen was
Oratory of Divine Love.
The northern Christian humanists
championed the study of classical and early Christian texts to reform the Catholic Church.
In his "philosophy of Christ," Erasmus emphasized
The author of Utopia, a satire on European government and society, was
Although Charles V had many adversaries, his chief concern during his reign was
Francis I of France
At its outset, the Reformation in Germany was
largely an urban phenomenon.
Concerning the sacraments of the Catholic Church, Luther
rejected all of them except baptism and communion, or the Lord's Supper
For Luther, the only sure source of truth and the only reliable path of faith, other than justification, was
In the eastern part of his empire, Charles V faced a threat to his power from
the Ottoman empire
Luther's religious crisis came to a head over his growing belief that
no amount of good works could satisfy God's righteousness
The early fifteenth century religious reformer who was burned at the stake was
The Edict of Worms
made Luther an outlaw within the Holy Roman Empire.
The Peasants' War of 1524-1525
was strongly opposed by Luther who saw it as a social revolution from below against God's divine order
The Religious Peace of Augsburg settled the Lutheran problem by adopting the principle that
the ruler of each territory determined the religion there
Though Luther was condemned at the Diet of Worms, he survived because he was protected by
the Elector of Saxony.
England's break with the Roman church became official with the passage of the
Act of Supremacy.
In Geneva, the Calvinists
imposed strict penalties for blasphemy and immoral behavior.
In the sixteenth century, Switzerland
was made up of thirteen cantons, under the leadership of wealthy bourgeoisie
Mary I Tudor earned her nickname "bloody Mary" by persecuting
advocated adult baptism, and if they had been baptized as children, a second baptism.
The Reformation in England under Henry VIII
was triggered by Henry's desire to annul his marriage.
Which of the following are among the chief characteristics of John Calvin's reform movement?
predestination and the absolute sovereignty of God
Zwingli's interpretation of the Lord's Supper differed from Luther's in that
Zwingli said the ceremony was only symbolic and that no real transformation in the bread and wine occurred.
Loyola was the founder of
the Society of Jesus
The Catholic Reformation's ultimate refusal to compromise with Protestantism was exemplified by
the Roman Inquisition and the creation of the Index
The Council of Trent
reaffirmed traditional Catholic beliefs against the Reformation
The Jesuit missionary who propagated Christianity in India, Malacca and the Moluccas, and Japan, and who died just before reaching China was
The Reformation affected the development of education in Europe by
expanding public access to primary schooling and improving secondary schooling through gymnasiums and ministerial training
The Reformation changed conceptions of the family by
extolling the superior state of marriage over celibacy
The Reformation successfully abolished all of the following from the lives of Europe's Protestant community except for
In France, the Protestant minority was known as
The importation of silver from the New World to Spain resulted in
The Edict of Nantes was all of the following except it
expelled the Huguenots from France.
The greatest advocate of militant Catholicism was
Philip II of Spain.
In France, the politiques were
those who placed politics ahead of religion in an attempt to end the wars of religion.
Victory over the Spanish Armada at the end of the sixteenth century was achieved by
Philip II and Spain was ultimately unable to defeat
the Dutch Republic
What did Christian Humanists study in order to reform the Catholic Church?
What led to Luther's break with the church?
What was the purpose of the pamphlet entitled: The Babylonian Captivity of the Church?
attacked the sacramental system of the church
How were Luther's ideas spread (primarily)?
Be able to explain the four main points (central belief) of Lutheranism.
1. Justification by faith alone
2. Only two of the Catholic Sacraments were accurate and worth keeping
3. Life was to be in accordance with the Bible
4. The pope is a false representation of Christ on earth
What war did the Peace of Augsburg bring an end to?
The Shmalkaldic War in Germany
Where were Luther's ideas most widely accepted?
Who established the Protestant Reformation in Zurich?
What is Millenarianism?
the belief that the end of the world is at hand and the kingdom of God is about to be established on earth.
Why was Anne Boleyn executed?
Which Queen is best described as a "moderate Protestant"?
According to Calvin, how would one prove that they had been chosen to go to heaven?
live a godly life
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