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AP Euro Set Chapter 11
Terms in this set (50)
Among the adverse economic and population changes in fourteenth-century Europe were
all of the above
What was the main cause of the early fourteenth century famines?
a little ice age inducing bad weather with heavy rains
The Black Death was most devastating in
The Black Death
recurred in severe outbreaks for centuries.
The percentage of the European population who died between 1347 and 1351 by the Black Death is
twenty-five to fifty.
All of the following were reactions to the great plague except
a reduction in the persecution of religious minorities because of the displeasure it caused
were groups that physically punished themselves to win the forgiveness of God.
The persecutions against Jews during the Black Death
reached their worst excesses in German cities.
The devastation of the great plague in the fourteenth century led to
the perception of life as something cheap and passing.
Economically, the great plague and the crises of the fourteenth century
raised wages because of a scarcity of labor.
The European aristocracy responded to the adversity of the great plague by
seeking to lower wages by legal means, especially for farm laborers.
Post-plague socioeconomic relations between rich and poor in Europe
got much worse as materially threatened nobles began to regard wealthier peasants and
their new-found desires for meat and wine with utter contempt.
A key economic consequence of the plague was
a decline in manorialism and weakening of feudalism as noble landlords desperate for
cash converted peasant labor service to market rents freeing their serfs.
The Jacquerie refers to
a peasant's revolt in France in 1358.
The English Peasants' Revolt of 1381
was caused by the rising economic expectations of ordinary people.
Merchants and manufacturers responded to the economic tribulations of the fourteenth century by
restricting competition and resisting the demands of the lower classes.
The immediate cause of the Hundred Years' War between France and England grew out of
the dispute over the duchy of Gascony.
The progress of the Hundred Years' War was characterized by
English use of peasant soldiers and the longbow.
In the conduct of the Hundred Years' War, a sure sign of feudalism's decline was the
decisive role of peasant foot soldiers rather than mounted knights.
The crucial battle of the Hundred Years' War that was won by Henry V in 1415 and that led to the treaty and
apparent victory in the war for Henry and England was the Battle of
Joan of Arc
liberated the Loire valley from English control.
In 1415, the Hundred Years' War was restarted by the English King
During the reign of Edward III of England, the Great Council of the barons
became the House of Lords forming a hereditary body of peers in Parliament.
England under the reign of Edward III witnessed the
crown's acceptance of Parliament's right to approve royal taxation and to inspect
Politically, France by the end of the fourteenth century saw
chaos and civil war as rival noble factions fought for control of the realm.
The Golden Bull of 1356 in Germany
gave seven electors the power to choose the "king of the Romans."
Prior to the Golden Bull of 1356, Germany was a land composed of
hundreds of virtually independent states.
Politically, Italy and Germany were similar in the fourteenth century because
both regions failed to develop a centralized monarchical state.
The Italian condottieri were
leaders of mercenary bands, occasionally ruling as military dictators.
Florence was ruled throughout most of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries by the
The chief ambition of the Venetian city-state in the fourteenth century was
financial control of the Holy Roman Empire.
In Venice, ultimate governmental executive power was held by the
Council of Ten.
Pope Boniface VIII
died in 1305 after his captivity at the hands of Philip IV of France.
The papacy at Avignon
witnessed the creation of a specialized church bureaucracy.
One overall result of the Great Schism was to
badly damage the faith of many Christian believers.
The Great Schism is known as that period in the history of the Catholic Church marked by
the creation and feuding of multiple popes.
The chief accomplishment of the Council of Constance (1414-1418) was to
end the Great Schism by forcing the resignation or deposing all existing popes and
paving the way for election of only one new pope.
Mysticism in the fourteenth century
emphasized an intensely personal feeling of oneness with God.
The Dutch mystic who founded the Modern Devotion movement and led the group known as the Brothers of
the Common Life was
was a mystic who claimed that one could achieve a union of the soul with God.
The fifteenth century theologian who claimed that reason could not prove spiritual truth was
What was Boccaccio's most famous work?
Dante's Divine Comedy
is considered a synthesis of medieval Christian thought.
Ars moriendi refers to the
art of dying.
All of the following are correct about Petrarch except he
wrote sonnets in Latin.
Among the great and influential female religious mystics of the fourteenth century was
Catherine of Siena.
Changed urban attitudes in the fourteenth century included
the regulation and acceptance of prostitution in most communities.
Concerning parent-child relationships in the Middle Ages
parents lavished considerable attention and affection on their offspring.
The most revolutionary of thirteenth and fourteenth-century inventions was/were
Women benefitted from the black death because
there were new employment opportunities.
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