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Music 405 - Final
Terms in this set (75)
What about wind instruments made them desirable for court bands during the Renaissance?
Wind instruments played better in tune and were louder, making them more suitable for court bands in the Renaissance era.
What instruments might a Renaissance musician need to be proficient on? List up to 8 instruments.
Recorder, violin, voice, sacbut, shawm, rackett, rauschpfiefe, drum
Why did German civic bands typically not incorporate the trumpet during the Baroque?
In the Baroque period, Germany saw the trumpet as an instrument solely for religious or nobility purposes.
During the Baroque, which country couldn't afford to hire musicians, and instead made a school to create its own?
In the Baroque period, Spain could no longer afford to hire musicians, and instead created a school for musicians.
Why was the Paris Conservatory created?
The Paris Conservatory was created to prepare military musicians and to fund musicians beyond the scope of festivals.
What new instrument became the favorite of wind bands throughout the 19th century?
The invention of the clarinet made it a favorite instrument through the 19th century.
What did we see happen to Italian civic bands after the period of unification of Italy known as the "Risorgimento"?
Italian civic bands became heavily popular after the Risorgimento, and several were created.
What did 18th-century marches have that modern day marches did not?
18th-century marches included a da capo at the end of a march.
What are Renaissance-era canzoni?
Canzoni were interlude pieces, as an organ would play.
What role did the Mehter band have during battle?
The Mehter performed in front of the Royal tent, and both thrilled the soldiers and at times intimidated the enemy.
***What was the responsibility for performing the Abblasen? What instrument typically performed this service?
Trombones played hymns and chorales from church or civic towers, often as a symbol highly regarded as holy.
Who is Bernard Sarrette and what was his significant role in band history?
A leader of the paid music corps of the National Guard, Bernard Sarrette convinced the Parisian government to create the Paris Conservatory, to continue to support musicians outside of regular festivals.
Who was the first leader of the United States Marine Band?
***In 1828, what two pieces were played for the first time in the presence of a POTUS?
"Hail to the Chief" and "The Star Spangled Banner"
Why was the keyed bugle popular?
For the first time, bugles could play melodic lines with notes other than what exists in their overtone series.
What enabled the possibility of all brass bands in the USA during the 19th century?
The keyed bugle, and the arrival of piston valve brass instruments.
How did Sousa participate in the war effort during World War I?
Sousa enlisted in the Naval Reserves to recruit band members, forming a large band which he took on tour in the US to raise money for the war effort.
What genre did Sousa write in addition to marches?
In addition to marches, Sousa wrote operettas.
What bill authorized a tax levy for the purpose of providing a fund for the maintenance or employment of a municipal band for musical purposes?
Iowa Band Law
What instrument did Sousa perform as a soloist on during his youth?
Sousa performed as a violinist in his youth.
Who convinced Sousa to leave the Marines and start his own band?
Sousa's manager, David Blakely, convinced him to start his own band as an entrepreneur.
What are Chautauqua?
Park-like facilities used for entertainment, education, and culture that spread throughout the United States around the turn of the 20th century.
How did the "Million Dollar Band" get its name?
Guest of honor General Liggett told the Colonel Walker that the band was "worth one million dollars" to the US Army.
Why did the best musicians want to be a part of Gilmore's Band?
Gilmore's band offered year-long employment to its musicians.
Who are two notable French wind instrument pedagogues whose work had a profound influence on the modern concert band?
Jean Baptiste Arban and Hyacinthe Klose.
What two factors are credited with encouraging the growth and development of bands and school music in the late 1800s?
The American Civil War and its need for bands, and Patrick Gilmore's large bands in Peace Jubilees.
Edwin Franko Goldman was a charter member for which band association?
American Bandmasters Association
Which prominent music educator enlisted the financial backing of George Eastman to the University of Rochester, establishing one of the most influential music schools of today?
Joseph E. Maddy
***How did band directors try to raise the standards of their programs in the early 1920s?
*** [p. 159]
Why was the leader of the band from the USS California awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor?
The band was on the shore playing "The Star Spangled Banner" when the Japanese attacked, and the band did not break rank and finished the national anthem.
During the 1940s, what universities were the first to accept women in band ensembles, and which universities started all-girl concert bands?
Universities of Wisconsin, Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, and Ohio State.
What instrument manufacturer is credited as having a significant role in the rise of school bands?
Conn USA is known for having pushed school bands to prominence.
Manley Whitcomb is credited for Ohio State University's change in the style of marching band drill from pictures and letters, to what?
Precision drill, with 8 to 5 marching.
How did a dentist indirectly contribute to Fennell's idea of a "wind ensemble"?
Unclean dental tools infected Fennell with hepatitis which forced Fennell into four months of bed rest. During this time, Fennell contemplated his life as a musician and came to the notion of a new type of concert band which he dubbed "Wind Ensemble".
What type of band music is Johann Nepomuk Wendt best known for?
What type of band music is Charles-Simon Catel best known for?
French military band music.
What type of band music is Louis XIV best associated with?
Les Grandes Hautbois
Could Lilly Bell Quickstep be performed by the Dodworth Brass Band given that it was composed in 1854?
The Dodworth Brass Band was active in 1854.
Could Lilly Bell Quickstep be performed by the Dodworth Brass Band given that there is a piccolo in the instrumentation?
Musicians in the Brass Band would have been doublers, so yes.
Arnald Gabriel conducted...
Andrew Esch conducted...
Jason K. Fettig conducted...
Amy Mills conducted...
How did Francis Resta significantly contribute to concert band repertoire in 1952 as conductor of the West Point Concert Band?
Resta commissioned the great composers of the time to write serious works for concert band for the Sesquicentennial Anniversary, such as Gould's West Point Symphony
How did Thomas Dodworth and his sons significantly contribute to concert bands and orchestras in the United States?
The Dodworths had their own instrument method books, as well as developed fine players that would eventually play in major orchestras, such as the New York Philharmonic.
Who was "The March King"?
John Philip Sousa
Who was "America's March King"?
Who was "Showman Supreme"?
Who was "Toscanini of the Big Top"?
What is the expected key of the Trio in an American march that begins in the key of E-flat major?
A flat Major
What is the expected key of the Trio in an American march that begins in the key of D minor?
B flat major
What is the "dog fight" in a march?
The break string before the Trio.
What is a "screamer"?
A circus march.
What is the typical form of an American Regimental March?
I A A B B C C D D
"Pershing's Own" belongs to...
"The President's Own" belongs to...
Which branch of the US military has the most band units?
Which is older, cornopean or keyed bugle?
Harry Begian is associated with...
University of Illinois
Albert Austin Harding is associated with...
University of Illinois
Mark Hindsley is associated with...
University of Illinois
A.R. McAllister is associated with...
Joliet Township High School
William Revelli is associated with...
University of Michigan
Clarence Sawhill is associated with...
What was Edwin Franko Goldman's professional concert band called?
The Goldman Band
What US city was The Goldman Band based in?
New York City
Who was Edwin's successor as conductor of the Goldman band?
His son, Richard Franko Goldman
At which American university was a band director the first to be promoted to the rank of a professor of music?
University of Illinois
Frederick Fennell originally envisioned that Eastman Wind Ensemble concerts would be divided into three parts. What type of music (that is, what instrumentation) would be programmed for each of these three parts of a concert?
First part = woodwind choir. Second part = brass choir. Third part = full wind ensemble.
Which compositions (title and composer's name) were performed at the first concert presented by the Eastman Wind Ensemble in 1953?
Mozart's Serenade No. 10 in B-flat, Riegger's Brass Nonet, and Hindemith's Symphony in B-flat
What is the greatest, lasting historical significance of the Eastman Wind Ensemble upon bands and band music?
The LP recordings to which future music educators would use as reference.
"CBDNA" is the abbreviaton for which band directors' organization?
College Band Directors' National Association
Joseph E Maddy established which famous music camp?
What is the American Bandmasters Association?
An honorary organization recognizing exemplary band directors.
Identify John Dewey's rationale for public education in the USA.
Emphasis on learning by doing - hands-on projects, experiential learning.
Integrated curriculum focused on thematic units.
Group work and development of social skills.
Understanding and action as the goals of learning as opposed to rote knowledge.
Collaborative and cooperative learning projects.
Education for social responsibility and democracy.
Integration of community service and service learning projects into the daily curriculum.
De-emphasis on textbooks in favor of varied learning resources.
Emphasis on life-long learning and social skills.
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