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English Exam practice

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Oh! But he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge! a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster. The cold within him froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shriveled his cheek, stiffened his gait, made his eyes red, his thin lips blue, and spoke out shrewdly in his grating voice. A frosty rime was on his head, and on his eyebrows, his wiry chin. He carried his own low temperature always about with him; he iced his office in the dog days [of summer]; and didn't thaw it one degree at Christmas.

External heat and cold had little influence on Scrooge. No warmth could warm, nor wintry weather chill him. No wind that blew was bitterer than he; no falling snow was more intent upon its purpose; no pelting rain less open to entreaty. Foul weather didn't know where to have him. The heaviest rain, and snow, and hail, and sleet, could boast of the advantage over him in only one respect. They often "came down" handsomely, and Scrooge never did.

Nobody ever stopped him in the street to say, with gladsome looks, "My dear Scrooge, how are you? When will you come to see me?" No beggars implored him to bestow a trifle; no children asked him what it was o'clock; no man or woman ever once in all his life inquired the way to such and such a place, of Scrooge. Even the blind men's dogs appeared to know him; and when they saw him coming on, would tug their owners into doorways and up courts; and then would wag their tails as though they said, "No eye at all is better than an evil eye, dark master!" But what did Scrooge care? It was the very thing he liked. To edge his way along the crowded paths of life, warning all human sympathy to keep its distance, was what the knowing ones call "nuts" to Scrooge.
Make sure to read this passage carefully, then answer the corresponding questions.
In the context of the passage, the word, "tight-fisted" (line 1) means:
A. Kind.
B. Stingy.
C. Violent.
D. Savage.
B.
Scrooge is "solitary as an oyster" because:
A. "he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone"
B. "he iced his office in the dog days"
C. "nor wintry weather chill[s] him"
D. "It was the very thing he liked"
D.
Which of the following statements BEST explains the effect of Scrooge's personality?
A. His solitary nature is reflected in his voice.
B. Scrooge's selfishness has made him dishonest.
C. Scrooge's self-centeredness has made him physically ill.
D. Scrooge's cold heart is reflected in his physical appearance.
C.
In the first paragraph, Dickens uses figurative language to suggest that Scrooge is
A. envious and controlling
B. sociable and generous
C. heartless and solitary
D. religious and clever
C.
With the words "To edge his way along the crowded paths of life," Scrooge is described
as a
A. neighborly person who seeks the company of others
B. withdrawn individual who is disconnected from his community
C. charitable man who is secretive about his generosity
D. resentful man who has good reasons for his bitterness
B.
Alone
From childhood's hour I have not been
As others were—I have not seen
As others saw—I could not bring
My passions from a common spring—
From the same source I have not taken 5
My sorrow—I could not awaken
My heart to joy at the same tone—
And all I lov'd—I lov'd alone—
Then—in my childhood—in the dawn
Of a most stormy life—was drawn 10
From ev'ry depth of good and ill
The mystery which binds me still—
From the torrent, or the fountain—
From the red cliff of the mountain—
From the sun that 'round me roll'd 15
In its autumn tint of gold—
From the lightning in the sky
As it pass'd me flying by—
From the thunder, and the storm—
And the loud that took the form 20
When the rest of heaven was blue
Of a demon in my view.
Make sure to read this passage carefully, then answer the corresponding questions.
The speaker's purpose in the poem is to emphasize his:
A. privilege
B. satisfaction
C. intelligence
D. abnormality
D.
Which choice best explains what the poet refers to in, "The mystery which binds me still— (12)"?
He felt that
A. he could not explain the purpose of life
B. he had experienced many personal griefs
C. he could not understand why he was talented
D. he was the only person who understood his feelings
A.
Which of these situations is most like the speaker's?
A. a soldier going into battle
B. a teacher instructing a student
C. a soloist performing with an orchestra
D. an athlete playing with his or her team
A.
WHAT ACTIONS ARE CONSIDERED CRIMINAL?

The laws of each state determine what is considered a crime. In one state, driving over 70 miles an hour may be a crime in one state and not in another. Crime varies with time as well as place. Thus, in colonial America, failure to attend church was a crime, as was participation in witchcraft. Today, these are no longer crimes.

In general, there are two kinds of crimes. Felonies, which include murder, robbery, and arson (deliberately setting something ablaze), are the most serious. Anyone who commits a felony can be sent to a state prison for a year or more; in some states certain felonies carry the death penalty. Misdemeanors are less serious; the penalty is a fine or imprisonment of up to a year in jail. Shoplifting, driving while drunk, and stealing money and goods worth less than $50 are examples of misdemeanors. In case where it is not clear whether the crime is a felony or a misdemeanor, it is a judge who makes the final decision. Crimes may also be classified as being against persons or against property. Crimes against persons include assault, murder, and kidnapping; property crimes include burglary, robbery, and auto theft.
--Excerpted from Crime and Juvenile Delinquency by Gerald Leinwald.
Make sure to read this passage carefully, then answer the corresponding questions.
Which of the following best describes an arsonist?
A. A person who accidentally starts a fire
B. A person who commits a serious crime
C. A person who damages public property
D. A person who intentionally burns property
D.
Which statement best summarizes the main idea of the first paragraph
A. The definition of crime varies.
B. Today, colonial laws no longer exist.
C. Today, unreasonable laws have been eliminated.
D. Laws in regard to religion have been abolished
A.
This text could best be described as which of the following?
A. Narrative
B. Expository
C. Argumentative
D. Inspirational
B.
Which type of rhetorical device is most used in the passage above?
A. Ethos
B. Logos
C. Pathos
D. Rheteros
A.
Which of the following examples includes the proper use of a colon?
A. Property crimes include the following: burglary, robbery, and auto theft.
B. Anyone who commits a felony can: be sent to a state prison for a year or more
C. Thus, in colonial America: failure to attend church was a crime, as was participation in witchcraft.
D. Shoplifting, drunk driving, and stealing money and goods worth less than $50: examples of misdemeanors.
A.
Greek Mythology

Greek mythology is a vehicle that uses mythological characters and creatures to teach people about the dangers, beauties and possible outcomes of life. In many myths, characters face moral dilemmas involving honor and practicality. The protagonists of epics face creatures that represent values and challenges such as respect, temptation and redemption. How has Greek mythology inevitably evolved with time and new storytellers? Scholars that have interpreted Greek mythology seek to maintain the universal values conveyed in these stories, while ensuring the validity of adapting these stories to their own distinct cultures. It is up to each reader to seek their own truths and learn from epic Greek mythology as best they can.
Make sure to read this passage carefully, then answer the corresponding questions.
According to the author's description, which of the following messages is most likely found in Greek mythology?
A. Intelligence is the key to overcoming hardship.
B. It is not the fastest but the most determined who wins the race.
C. Love is difficult, but it will last if the lovers are meant to be together.
D. Resisting temptation and acting honorably will ultimately lead to success.
D.
Which of the following words best describes the author's tone in this passage?
A. Critical
B. Pessimistic
C. Admiring
D. Straightforward
D.
What does the word validity mean in the above paragraph?
A. Effort
B. Necessity
C. Importance
D. Correctness
D.
Which of the following best explains the meaning of "to twist the knife in me!"
A. to cause him more pain
B. to stab him with a knife
C. to threaten him with pain
D. to betray him with the suitors
A.
This excerpt contains an epic simile [Homeric simile]:

Weak as the doe that beds down her fawns in a mighty lion's den
her newborn babes - then trails off to the mountain spurs
and grassy bends to graze her fill, but back
the lion comes to his own lair and the
master deals both fawns a ghastly, bloody death,
just what Odysseus will deal that mob - ghastly death.
Make sure to read this passage carefully, then answer the corresponding question.
The lion in this excerpt refers to
A. Zeus
B. Athena
C. Odysseus
D. Penelope
C.
Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
According to Brueghel
when Icarus fell
it was spring
a farmer was ploughing
his field 5
the whole pageantry
of the year was
awake tingling
with itself
sweating in the sun 10
that melted
the wings' wax
unsignificantly
off the coast
there was 15
a splash quite unnoticed
this was
Icarus drowning
---William Carlos Williams
Make sure to read this passage carefully, then answer the corresponding question.
Williams does not include punctuation in this poem. If punctuation was included, which of the following choices would be correct?
A. Off the coast, there was a splash quite unnoticed.
B. According to Brueghel when Icarus fell, it was spring.
C. When Icarus fell: it was spring, a farmer was ploughing his field.
D. The whole pageantry of the year was awake; tingling with itself, sweating in the sun.
A.
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