1,102 terms

Core Greek Vocabulary

80% of the Classical, Koine, and Byzantine Greek words found in manuscripts, arranged in alphabetical order
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ἀγαθός -ή -όν
good
ἄγαλμα -ατος, τό
glory, statue
ἄγαν
too much
ἀγανακτέω
be annoyed with
ἀγάπη -ης, ἡ
love, charity
ἀγγέλλω
announce
ἄγγελος -ου, ὁ
messenger, angel
ἀγνοέω
not know
ἀγορά, -ᾶς, ἡ
market place
ἀγορεύω
say, proclaim
ἄγω
lead, bring
ἀγών, -ῶνος, ὁ
contest
ἀγωνίζομαι
contend for a prize
ἀδελφή -ῆς, ἡ
sister
ἀδελφός -οῦ, ὁ
brother
ἀδικέω
do wrong
ἀδίκημα, -ατος, τό
a wrong, an injustice
ἄδικος -ον
unjust
ἀδύνατος -ον
impossible
ἀεί
always
ἀείδω (Attic ᾄδω)
sing
ἀέκων -ουσα -ον (Attic ἄκων)
unwilling
ἀθάνατος -ον
immortal
ἄθλιος -α -ον
wretched
ἆθλον -ου, τό
prize
ἀθροίζω
muster
ἀθρόος -α -ον
crowded
αἰδώς, αἰδοῦς, ἡ
shame
αἷμα -ατος, τό
blood
αἰνέω
praise
αἱρέω
take (mid: choose)
αἴρω
raise
αἰσθάνομαι
perceive
αἰσχρός -ή -όν
disgraceful
αἰσχύνω
dishonour
αἰτέω
ask
αἰτία -ας, ἡ
cause
αἰτιάομαι
accuse, blame
αἴτιος -α -ον
responsible, guilty
αἴχμάλωτος -ου, ὁ
prisoner of war
ἀκολουθέω
follow
ἀκούω
hear
ἀκριβής -ές
exact
ἄκρος -α -ον
top
ἄλγος -ους, τό
pain
ἀλήθεια -ας, ἡ
truth
ἀληθής -ές
true
ἁλίσκομαι
be taken
ἀλλά
but
ἀλλήλων
(oblique cases only) one another
ἄλλος -η -ον
other
ἀλλότριος -α -ον
someone else's
ἄλλως
otherwise
ἅμα
at the same time
ἁμαρτάνω
make a mistake, miss the target
ἀμείβω
change
ἀμείνων -ον
better
ἀμελέω
not worry
ἀμύνω
ward off
ἀμφί + gen, dat, acc
about, around
ἀμφισβητέω
argue
ἀμφότερος -α -ον
both
ἄμφω, ἀμφοῖν
both
ἄν
generalizes dependent clauses with the subjunctive; makes independent clauses less real (contrary to fact)
ἀνά + gen, dat, acc
up, on
ἀνάγω
lead up
ἀναιρέω
raise
ἀναλαμβάνω
pick up
ἀναβαίνω
board, cross
ἀναγιγνώσκω
recognize
ἀνέχω
hold up
ἀνίστημι
stand up
ἀνατίθημι
put up, set on
ἀναχωρέω
go back
ἀναγκάζω
force, compel
ἀναγκαῖος -α -ον
necessary
ἀνάγκη -ης, ἡ
necessity
ἀνάθημα -ατος, τό
a curse
ἄναξ, -ακτος, ὁ
ruler, lord
ἀνδρεῖος -α -ον
manly, brave
ἄνεμος -ου, ὁ
wind
ἄνευ + gen
without
ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ
man
ἄνθος -ους, τό
flower
ἄνθρωπος -ου, ὁ/ἡ
human being
ἀνοίγνυμι
open up
ἀντί + gen
opposite
ἄνω
up
ἄξιος -α -ον
worthy
ἀξιόω
consider worthy
ἀπαλλάσσω
release, escape
ἀπαντάω + dat
meet
ἅπαξ
once
ἅπας -ασα -αν
all together
ἄπειρος -α -ον
inexperienced, ignorant
ἀπό + gen
from
ἀπαγγέλλω
announce
ἀπάγω
carry off
ἀφαιρέω
take from
ἀποβαίνω
step from
ἀποδείκνυμι
point away
ἀποδίδωμι
give back
ἄπειμι
be away
ἀπέρχομαι
go away
ἀπέχω
keep away
ἀποθνῄσκω
die
ἀφίημι
let go
ἀφικνέομαι
come to
ἀφίστημι
remove, revolt
ἀποκρίνω
separate (mid: answer)
ἀποκτείνω
kill
ἀπολαμβάνω
take from
ἀπολείπω
leave behind
ἀπόλλυμι
kill (mid: die)
ἀπολογέομαι
defend oneself
ἀπολύω
set free from
ἀποπέμπω
send away
ἀποπλέω
sail away
ἀποστέλλω
send away
ἀποστερέω
deprive
ἀποφαίνω
display
ἀπορία -ας, ἡ
helplessness
ἅπτω
join (mid: touch)
ἄρα
so then
ἀργύριον -ου, τό
silver, a silver coin
ἀρέσκω
please
ἀρετή -ῆς, ἡ
excellence
ἀριθμός -οῦ, ὁ
number
ἄριστος -η -ον
best
ἀρκέω
ward off
ἅρμα -ατος, τό
chariot
αρμόζω (Attic ἁρμόττω)
join
ἀρόω
plow
ἁρπάζω
snatch
ἄρτι
just now
ἀρχαῖος -α -ον
ancient
ἀρχή -ῆς, ἡ
beginning, rule
ἄρχω
rule
ἄρχων -οντος, ὁ
ruler, archon
ἀσπίς, -ίδος, ἡ
a round shield
ἄστυ, ἄστεως, τό
town
ἀσφάλεια -ας, ἡ
security
ἀσφαλής -ές
safe
ἀτάρ
but
ἅτε
just as, because
ἄτη -ης, ἡ
blindness, destruction
αὖ, αὖθις
again
αὐξάνω
increase
αὖτε
again
αὐτίκα
immediately
αὐτόθι
on the spot
αὐτός -ή -ό
self, same, s/he/it
ἄφνω
suddenly
βαίνω
walk
βάλλω
throw
βάρβαρος -α -ον
foreign, barbarous
βαρύς -εῖα -ύ
heavy
βασιλεία -ας ἡ
kingdom
βασίλειος -α -ον
kingly, royal
τὰ βασίλεια
palace
βασιλεύς, βασίλεως, ὁ
king
βασιλεύω
be king, rule, reign
βασιλικός -ή -όν
royal, kingly
βέβαιος -α -ον
firm
βέλος -ους, τό
missile, weapon
βέλτιστος -η -ον
best
βελτίων -ον
better
βία -ας, ἡ
force
βιάζω, βιάω
force, compel
βίβλος -ου, ὁ
book
βίος -ου, ὁ
life
βιόω
live
βλάπτω
hurt
βλέπω
see
βοήθεια -ας, ἡ
help
βοηθέω
help
βουλεύω
deliberate
βουλή -ῆς, ἡ
plan, council
βούλομαι
want, wish
βοῦς, βοός, ὁ/ἡ
ox
βραχύς -εῖα -ύ
short
βροτός -οῦ, ὁ
mortal
βωμός -οῦ, ὁ
altar
γαῖα -ας, ἡ
earth
γαμέω
marry
γάμος -ου, ὁ
wedding, marriage
γάρ
for, because
γε
for sure
γελάω
laugh
γεννάω
beget
γένος -ους, τό
race, family
γέρας -ως, τό
prize
γέρων -οντος, ὁ
old man
γῆ, γῆς, ἡ
earth
γῆρας -ως, τό
old age
γίγνομαι
become, be
γιγνώσκω
come to know, learn
γλυκύς -εῖα -ύν
sweet
γλῶσσα -ης, ἡ
tongue, language
γνώμη -ης, ἡ
thought, intelligence, opinion
γοῦν
so then, for sure
γράμμα -ατος, τό
letter
γράφω
write
γύμνος -η -ον
naked
γυνή, γυναικός, ἡ
woman
δαίμων -ονος, ὁ
spirit, god, demon
δακρύω
cry
δέ
and, but
δεῖ
it is necessary
δείδω
fear
δείκνυμι
show
δειλός -ή -όν
cowardly
δεινός -ή -όν
awesome
δεῖπνον -ου, τό
feast
δέκα
ten
δένδρον -ου, τό
tree
δεξιός -ά -όν
right
δέος -ους, τό
fear
δεσπότης -ου, ὁ
master
δεῦρο
(to) here
δεύτερος -α -ον
second
δέχομαι
welcome
δέω
(1) bind
δέω
(2) need
δή
now
δῆλος -η -ον
clear
δηλόω
show
δῆμος -ου, ὁ
people
δήπου
perhaps, maybe
διά + gen, acc
through
διαιρέω
divide, cut apart
διαβαίνω
step across
διαβάλλω
throw across
διέρχομαι
go through
διάκειμαι
be arranged (pass. of διατίθημι)
διαλέγω
discuss
διαλύω
dissolve
διάνοια -ας, ἡ
thought, intention
διοικέω
manage a house
διαπράσσω
pass over, accomplish
διατελέω
finish
διατίθημι
arrange
διατρίβω
consume, spend time
διαφέρω
carry on, make a difference
διαφεύγω
escape
διαφθείρω
destroy
διαθήκη -ης, ἡ
arrangement, last will and testament
δίαιτα -ης, ἡ
lifestyle
διακόσιοι -αι -α
two hundred
διδάσκω
teach
δίδωμι
give
δικάζω
judge
δίκαιος -α -ον
just
δικαιοσύνη -ης, ἡ
justice
δικαστήριον -ου, τό
court
δικαστής -οῦ, ὁ
judge, juror
δίκη -ης, ἡ
justice, lawsuit
διό, διόπερ
because of this
δῖος -α -ον
divine
διότι
since
διπλοῦς -ῆ -οῦν
double
δισχίλιοι -αι -α
two thousand
δίχα
apart
διώκω
pursue
δόγμα -ατος, τό
opinion, dogma
δοκεῖ
it seems
δοκέω
think
δόλος -ου, ὁ
trick
δόξα -ης, ἡ
glory, opinion
δόρυ, δόρατος, τό
spear
δοῦλος -ου, ὁ
slave
δράω
do
δύναμαι
be able, can
δύναμις -εως, ἡ
power
δυνατός -ή -όν
able
δύο
two
δώδεκα
twelve
δῶμα -ατος, τό
house
δῶρον -ου, τό
gift
ἐάν = εἰ + ἄν
if, whether, unless
ἔαρ, ἔαρος, τό
spring
ἑαυτοῦ -ῆς -οῦ
him/her/itself
ἐάω
allow
ἐγγύς
near
ἐγείρω
wake up
ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ
I
ἐθέλω
wish
ἔθνος -ους, τό
nation
ἔθος, -ους, τό
custom, character
ἔθω
be accustomed
εἰ, εἴπερ
if
εἴδομαι, εἶδον
see (cf. ὁράω)
εἶδος -ους, τό
form
εἰκός, εἰκότος, τό
proper, probable
εἴκοσι
twenty
εἰκών -όνος, ἡ
image
εἰμί
be
εἶμι
go (cf. ἔρχομαι)
εἶπον
say (cf. λέγω, φημί)
εἴργω
confine
εἰρήνη -ης, ἡ
peace
εἰς + acc
into
εἰσάγω
lead
εἰσέρχομαι
go into, enter
εἰσφέρω
carry into, pay taxes
εἷς, μία, ἕν
one
εἶτα
then, next
εἴτε
either...or
ἐκ, ἐξ + gen
from, out of
ἐξάγω
lead out
ἐξαιρέω
take out
ἐξαπατάω
deceive
ἐκβάλλω
throw out
ἐκδίδωμι
surrender
ἐξελέγχω
refute
ἐξέρχομαι
go or come out
ἔξεστι
it is allowed, it is possible
ἐκλείπω
leave out
ἐκπέμπω
send out
ἐκπίπτω
fall out
ἐκτείνω
stretch out
ἐκφέρω
carry out
ἕκαστος -η -ον
each
ἑκάτερος -α -ον
each of two
ἑκατόν
hundred
ἐκεῖ
there
ἐκεῖθεν
from there
ἐκεῖνος -η -ον
that
ἐκκλησία -ας, ἡ
assembly
ἐκτός
outside
ἑκών -οῦσα -όν
willing
ἐλάσσων -ον
smaller, less
ἐλαύνω
drive
ἔλεγος -ου, ὁ
a lament
ἐλέγχω
refute
ἐλευθερία -ας, ἡ
freedom
ἐλεύθερος -α -ον
free
ἐλευθερόω
set free
ἐλπίζω
hope for
ἐλπίς -ίδος, ἡ
hope
ἐμαυτοῦ
my own
ἐμός -ή -όν
my, mine
ἐν + dat
in
ἐμβάλλω
throw in
ἐνδίδωμι
give in
ἐνθυμέομαι
ponder
ἐγκαλέω
accuse
ἐμπίπτω
fall on
ἔμπροσθεν
in front
ἐντυγχάνω
meet with
ἐναντίος -α -ον
opposite
ἕνεκα
because of
ἔνθα
there
ἐνθάδε
from there
ἐνιαυτός -οῦ, ὁ
year
ἔνιοι -αι -α
some
ἐνίοτε
sometimes
ἐνταῦθα
here, there
ἐντεῦθεν
from here, from there
ἐντός
inside
ἕξ
six
ἐξετάζω
examine
ἐξαίφνης
suddenly
ἑξήκοντα
sixty
ἐξουσία -ας, ἡ
authority
ἔξω
outside
ἕοικα
be like
ἐπεί
after, since, when
ἐπείγω
press hard (mid: hurry)
ἐπειδάν
whenever
ἔπειτα
then, next
ἐπί + gen
at
ἐπί + dat
on
ἐπί + acc
on to, against
ἐπαγγέλλω
announce
ἐπάγω
bring on
ἐπαινέω
praise
ἐπανέρχομαι
go back, return
ἐπιβάλλω
throw on
ἐπιβουλεύω
plan against
ἐπιγίγνομαι
be born after, come after
ἐπιδείκνυμι
exhibit
ἐπέρχομαι
come to
ἐπέχω
hold on to
ἐπιθυμέω
desire
ἐφίστημι
set upon
ἐπιμέλεια -ας, ἡ
care, attention
ἐπιμελέομαι
take care of
ἐπιτίθημι
put on
ἐπιτρέπω
entrust
ἐπιφανής -ές
evident
ἐπιφέρω
put upon
ἐπιχειρέω
attempt
ἐπίσταμαι
know
ἐπιστήμη -ης, ἡ
knowledge
ἐπιστολή -ῆς, ἡ
message, letter
ἐπιτήδειος -α -ον
convenient
ἕπομαι
follow
ἔπος -ους, τό
word
ἐργάζομαι
work
ἔργον -ου, τό
work
ἐρῆμος -η -ον
deserted
ἔρις, -ιδος, ἡ
strife
ἔρομαι
ask
ἔρχομαι
come, go
ἐρῶ
will say
ἔρως -ωτος, ὁ
love
ἐρωτάω
ask
ἐσθής -ῆτος, ἡ
clothing
ἐσθίω
eat
ἑσπέρα -ας, ἡ
evening
ἔσχατος -η -ον
last
ἑταῖρος -ου, ὁ
companion
ἕτερος -α -ον
other
ἔτης -ου, ὁ
kin, cousin
ἔτι
still
ἕτοιμος or ἑτοῖμος -η -ον
ready
ἔτος -ους, τό
year
εὖ
well
εὐδαίμων -ον
happy, lucky, blessed
εὐθύς -εῖα -ύ
straight
εὔνοια -ας, ἡ
good‐will
εὑρίσκω
find
εὐρύς -εῖα -ύ
broad
εὔχομαι
pray
ἐχθρός -ά ‐όν
hated
ἔχω
have, hold
ἕως
until
ζάω
live
Ζεύς, Διός, ὁ
Zeus
ζητέω
seek
or, than
[strengthening particle] or [introduces lively questions] or = "s/he said" from ἠμί or = 1st sg impf indic act of εἰμί
[3d sg pres subj act of εἰμί]
[feminine article nom sg]
[relative pronoun, fem nom sg, "who, which"]
[relative pronoun, fem dat sg] or ["where"]
ἡγεμών, -όνος, ὁ
leader
ἡγέομαι
lead, consider
ἥδη
already
ἥδομαι
rejoice
ἡδονή -ῆς, ἡ
pleasure
ἡδύς -εῖα, -ύ
sweet
ἥκιστος -η -ον
least
ἥκω
have come, be present
ἡλικία -ας, ἡ
time of life, age
ἥλιος -ου, ὁ
sun
ἧμαι
sit
ἡμέρα -ας, ἡ
day
ἡμέτερος -α -ον
our
ἠμί
say
ἥμισυς -εια -υ
half
ἤπειρος -ου, ἡ
the land
ἥρως, ἥρωος, ὁ
hero
ἡσυχία -ας, ἡ
quiet
ἡσσάομαι
be inferior, be defeated
ἥσσων -ον
less, weaker
θάλασσα -ης, ἡ
the sea
θάνατος -ου, ὁ
death
θάπτω
bury
θαρσέω
be bold, courageous
θαυμάζω
be in awe
θαυμαστός -ή -όν
awesome
θεά -ᾶς, ἡ
goddess
θεάομαι
watch
θεῖος -α -ον
divine
θεός -οῦ, ὁ
god
θεραπεύω
serve
θέρμος -ου, ὁ
heat
θέω
run
θεωρέω
look at
θνήσκω
die
θρόνος -ου, ὁ
seat
θυγάτηρ, θυγατρός, ἡ
daughter
θυμός -οῦ, ὁ
soul, spirit
θύρα -ας, ἡ
door
θυσία -ας, ἡ
sacrifice
θύω
sacrifice
θώραξ -ακος, ὁ
breastplate
ἰατρός -οῦ, ὁ
doctor
ἴδιος -α -ον
one's own
ἰδιώτης -ου, ὁ
a private person, an individual
ἰδοῦ
look!
ἱδρύω
make sit down, seat
ἱερεύς -έως, ὁ
priest
ἱερόν -οῦ, τό
temple
ἱερός -ᾶ -ον
holy
ἵημι
throw
ἱκανός -ή -όν
sufficient
ἱκνέομαι
come
ἵνα
there, so that
ἱππεύς -έως, ὁ
horseman
ἵππος -ου, ὁ
horse
ἴσος -η -ον
equal
ἵστημι
stand
ἱστορία -ας, ἡ
inquiry
ἰσχυρός -ά -όν
strong
ἰσχύς, ἰσχύος, ἡ
strength
καθά
just as
καθαρός -ά -όν
pure
καθό
in so far as
καί
and
καίπερ
although
καιρός -οῦ, ὁ
the right time
καίτοι
and indeed, and yet
κακός -ή -όν
bad
καλέω
call
κάλλος -ους, τό
beauty
καλός -ή -όν
beautiful
κάμνω
work
κἀν=καί+ἐν κἄν=καί+εἰ+ἄν
even, without, so much as
καρδία -ας, ἡ
heart
καρπός -οῦ, ὁ
fruit
κατά + gen. or acc.
down
καταβαίνω
step down
καταγιγνώσκω
have prejudice, charge
κατάγω
lead down
κάθημαι
sit
καθίστημι
set down
καταλαμβάνω
take hold of
καταλείπω
leave behind
καταλύω
put down
καταπλήσσω
strike down
κατασκευάζω
equip
καταστρέφω
subdue
καταφεύγω
flee for refuge
καταφρονέω
despise (+ gen.)
κατέχω
restrain
κατηγορέω
accuse
κατοικέω
dwell, settle
κεῖμαι
lie down
κελεύω
order
κενός -ή -όν
empty
κέρας -ατος, τό
horn
κεφαλή -ῆς, ἡ
head
κῆρυξ -υκος, ὁ
messenger
κινδυνεύω
risk
κίνδυνος -ου, ὁ
danger
κινέω
move
κλέος -ους, τό
glory
κλέπτω
steal
κλίνω
bend
κοινός -ή -όν
common
κολάζω
punish
κόλπος -ου, ὁ
womb, bay
κομίζω
bring
κόπτω
cut
κόρη -ης, ἡ
girl
κοσμέω
arrange
κόσμος -ου, ὁ
order
κρατέω
rule (+ gen.)
κράτιστος -η -ον
strongest
κράτος -ους, τό
strength
κρείσσων -ον
stronger
κρίνω
judge, decide
κρίσις -εως, ἡ
judgment, decision
κριτής -ου, ὁ
judge
κρύπτω
hide
κτάομαι
acquire
κτείνω
kill
κύκλος -ου, ὁ
circle
κυρέω
meet (+ gen.), happen
κύριος -ου, ὁ
lord, master
κύων, κυνός, ὁ or ἡ
dog
κωλύω
prevent
κώμη -ης, ἡ
village
λαγχάνω
obtain by a lottery
λαλέω
talk, babble
λαμβάνω
take
λαμπρός -ά -όν
bright
λανθάνω do
without being noticed
λέγω
say, speak
λείπω
leave
λευκός -ή -όν
white
λεώς, λεώ, ὁ
the people
λίθος -ου, ὁ
stone
λιμήν -ένος, ὁ
harbor
λίμνη -ης, ἡ
pool, swamp
λιμός -οῦ, ὁ or ἡ
hunger
λογίζομαι
calculate
λόγος -ου, ὁ
word
λοιπός -ή -όν
remaining
λόφος -ου, ὁ
crest (esp. of a helmet), mane, ridge
λυπέω
hurt
λύω
loosen, destroy
μακρός -ά -όν
long
μάλα
very, very much
μάλιστα
very, very much
μᾶλλον
more, rather
μανθάνω
learn
μανία -ας, ἡ
insanity
μάντις -εως, ὁ
prophet
μαρτυρέω
witness, give testimony
μαρτυρία -ας, ἡ
witness, testimony, evidence
μάρτυς, μάρτυρος, ὁ or ἡ
witness
μάχη -ης, ἡ
battle
μάχομαι
fight
μέγαρον -ου, τό
a large room
μέγας, μεγάλη, μέγα
big
μέγεθος -ους, τό
magnitude
μέλας, μέλαινα, μέλαν
black
μέλει
it is a problem, or worry, for (+ dat.)
μέλλω
intend, going to
μέν
on the one hand, on the other hand
μέντοι
however, of course
μένω
stay
μέρος -ους, τό
part
μέσος -η -ον
middle
μετά
with (+ gen.) after (+ acc.)
μεταβάλλω
change
μεταπέμπω
summon
μετέχω
be involved (+ gen.)
μεταξύ
between
μέχρι
until
μή
not (οὐ with indicative verbs)
μηδέ
and not
μηδείς
no one
μήτε
and not
μῆκος -ους, τό
length
μήν
[emphasizes preceding particle]
μήτηρ, μητρός, ἡ
mother
μηχανή -ῆς, ἡ
device
μικρός -ά -όν
small
μιμνήσκω
remind, (in perfect middle) remember
μισέω
hate
μισθός -οῦ, ὁ
pay
μνᾶ μνᾶς, ἡ
mina, = 100 drachma = 1/60 talent
μνήμη -ης, ἡ
memory
μοῖρα -ας, ἡ
fate
μόνος -η -ον
alone, single
μῦθος -ου, ὁ
story
μυριάς ‐άδος, ἡ
10,000, a countless amount
μυρίος -α -ον
countless
ναί
yes
ναυμαχία -ας, ἡ
sea battle
ναῦς, νεώς, ἡ
ship
ναυτικός -ή -όν
naval
νεανίας -ου, ὁ
young man
νεκρός -οῦ, ὁ
corpse
νέμω
distribute
νέος -α -ον
young
νεώς, νεώ, ὁ
temple
νῆσος -ου, ἡ
island
νικάω
conquer, win
νίκη -ης, ἡ
victory
νοέω
have in mind
νομίζω
consider
νόμιμος -η -ον
customary
νόμος -ου, ὁ
custom, law
νοῦς, νοῦ, ὁ
mind
νόσος -ου, ὁ
disease
νύμφη -ης, ἡ
bride
νῦν, νυνί
now
νύξ, νυκτός, ἡ
night
ξένος -ου, ὁ
foreigner, stranger
ξύλον -ου, τό
wood
ὁ, ἡ τό
the
ὅδε ἥδε τόδε
this
ὁδός -οῦ, ἡ
road
ὅθεν
from where
οἶδα
know
οἰκεῖος -α -ον
domestic
οἰκέτης -ου, ὁ
servant
οἰκέω
inhabit, occupy
οἰκία -ας, ἡ
house, household
οἰκοδομέω
build a house
οἶκος -ου, ὁ
house
οἶμαι, οἴομαι
think
οἷος -α -ον
such a kind
οἷος -α -ον τʹ εἰμί
be able
οἴχομαι
be gone
ὀκτώ
eight
ὀλίγος -η -ον
few
ὄλλυμι
destroy, lose
ὅλος -η -ον
whole
ὄμνυμι
swear
ὅμοιος -α -ον
or
ὁμοῖος -α -ον
like
ὁμοιόω
make like
ὁμολογέω
agree
ὁμόω
unite
ὅμως
nevertheless
ὄνομα -ατος, τό
name
ὀνομάζω
call by name
ὀξύς -εῖα -ύ
sharp
ὁπλίτης -ου, ὁ
heavily‐armed soldier, hoplite
ὅπλον -ου, τό
weapon, tool
ὁποῖος -α -ον
of what sort
ὁπόσος -η -ον
as many as
ὁπότε
when
ὅπου
wherever
ὅπως
how, as, so that
ὁράω
see
ὀργή -ῆς, ἡ
anger
ὀργίζω
make angry
ὀρθός -η -ον
straight
ὀρθόω
set straight
ὅρκος -ου, ὁ
oath
ὁρμάω
rush
ὁρμή -ῆς, ἡ
attack
ὄρος, ὄρου, ὁ
mountain, hill
ὅρος, ὅρου, ὁ
boundary
ὅς ἥ ὄ
who, which, that
ὅσος -η -ον
however much
ὅσπερ, ἥπερ, ὅπερ
the very one who, the very thing which
ὅστε ἥτε ὅτε
who, which
ὅστις ὅτι
any one who, anything which
ὅταν = ὄτε + ἄν
whenever
ὅτε
when
ὅτι
because, that
οὐ, οὐκ, οὐχ
not (with indicative verbs)
οὐδέ
but not
οὐδείς, οὐδεμία, οὐδέν
no one, nothing
οὐκέτι
no longer
οὔτε
and not
οὔτις
no one, nobody
οὔπω
not yet
οὗ
where
οὐκοῦν
therefore
οὖν
therefore, so
οὐρανός -οῦ, ὁ
sky, heaven
οὐσία -ας, ἡ
substance, property
οὗτος, αὕτη, τοῦτο
this
οὕτως
in this way
ὀφείλω
owe
ὀφθαλμός -οῦ, ὁ
eye
ὄφρα
so that, until
ὄχλος -ου, ὁ
crowd, mob
ὄψις, ‐εως, ἡ
sight, appearance
πάθος -ους, τό
suffering
παιδεύω
educate
παῖς, παιδός, ὁ, ἡ
child
παλαιός -ά -όν
old
πάλιν
back
παντάπασι
altogether
πάντῃ
entirely
πάνυ
altogether
παρά, παρʹ
from (+ gen.), beside (+ dat.), to (+ acc.)
παραγγέλλω
transmit
παραγίγνομαι
be present
παραδίδωμι
hand over
παράδοξος -ον
contrary to expectation, paradoxical
πάρειμι
be present
πάρεστι
it is possible (+dat.)
παρέρχομαι
pass by
παρέχω
provide
παρίστημι
set or stand beside
παρακαλέω
call for
παραλαμβάνω
receive
παραπλήσιος -α -ον
resembling
παρασκευάζω
prepare
παρασκευή -ῆς, ἡ
preparation
παραχρῆμα
immediately
παρθένος -ου, ἡ
girl
πᾶς πᾶσα πᾶν
all
πάσσω
sprinkle
πάσχω
suffer, experience
πατήρ, πατρός, ὁ
father
πάτριος -α -ον
of or belonging to one's father
πατρίς, -ίδος, ἡ
fatherland
παύω
stop
πεδίον -ου, τό
plain
πεζός -ή -όν
on foot
πείθω
persuade
πειράζω
test
πειράω
try
πέλας
near
πέμπω
send
πεντακόσιοι -αι -α
five hundred
πέντε
five
πεντήκοντα
fifty
πέρ
[emphasizes preceding word]
περάω
pass through
πέρθω
destroy
περί
around, about (+ gen., dat., acc.)
περίειμι
be around
περιίστημι
place round
πέτρα -ας, ἡ
rock
πηρός -ά -όν
disabled
πίμπλημι
fill
πίνω
drink
πίπτω
fall
πιστεύω
trust
πίστις, -εως, ἡ
trust
πιστός -ή -όν
faithful
πλεῖστος -η -ον
most
πλείων, πλέων
more
πλέω
sail
πλέως, πλέα, πλέων
full of
πλῆθος -ους, τό
crowd
πλήν
except (+ gen.)
πληρόω
fill
πλησίος -α -ον
near
πλήσσω
strike
πλοῖον -ου, τό
ship
πλούσιος -α -ον
rich
πλοῦτος -ου, ὁ
wealth
πνεῦμα ‐ατος, τό
wind, breath
ποιέω
make
ποιητής -οῦ, ὁ
creator, poet
ποῖος -α -ον
what sort of?
πολεμέω
make war
πολέμιος -α -ον
hostile (m.pl.: the enemy)
πόλεμος -ου, ὁ
war
πολιορκέω
besiege
πολιορκία -ας, ἡ
siege
πόλις, -εως, ἡ
a city
πολιτεία -ας, ἡ
constitution, citizenship, republic
πολιτεύω
participate in government or politics
πολίτης -ου, ὁ
citizen
πολιτικός -ή -όν
political
πολλάκις
often
πολύς πολλή πολύ
many
πονηρός -α -ον
evil, painful
πόνος -ου, ὁ
work
πορεία -ας, ἡ
journey
πορεύω
carry, march
πορθέω
destroy
πόρρω
far
ποταμός -οῦ, ὁ
river
ποτέ
ever
πότερος -α -ον
which of the two?
ποτός -η -ον
drinkable
πού
somewhere
πούς ποδός, ὁ
foot
πρᾶγμα -ατος, τό
thing
πρᾶξις, -εως, ἡ
action
πράσσω
do
πρεσβευτής -οῦ, ὁ
old man, ambassador (rare in pl.)
πρεσβεύω
be the elder or ambassador
πρέσβυς, πρέσβεως, ὁ
ambassador (esp. in pl.), old man
πρίν
before
πρό + gen.
before
προάγω
lead on
προαίρεσις, -εως, ἡ
choice, purpose
προαιρέω
prefer, choose
πρόγονος -ου, ὁ
ancestor
προδίδωμι
betray
προερέω, προεῖπον
proclaim
προέρχομαι
advance
προθέω
run forward
προθυμία -ας, ἡ
eagerness
πρόθυμος -ον
eager
προίημι
send ahead, shoot
προίστημι
set in front
πρόνοια -ας, ἡ
foresight
πρός + dat. to, + acc.
in addition to
προσαγορεύω
greet
προσάγω
put before
προσδέχομαι
accept
πρόσειμι
belong to, be present
προσέρχομαι
come or go tο
προσέχω
hold to, offer
προσήκω
have arrived
πρόσθεν
before
προσλαμβάνω
take or receive besides
προσπίπτω
fall upon, strike against
προστάσσω
place at
προστίθημι
put to
προσφέρω
bring to
πρόσωπον -ου, τό
face
πρότερος -α -ον
before
πρόφασις -εως, ἡ
excuse
προφήτης -ου, ὁ
prophet
πρῶτος -η -ον
first
πτερόν -οῦ, τό
wing
πύλη -ης, ἡ
gate
πυνθάνομαι
ascertain
πῦρ, πυρός, τό
fire
πωλέω
sell
πώποτε
ever yet
πως
in any way
πῶς
how?
ῥᾴδιος -α -ον
easy
ῥέω
flow
ῥήτωρ, ῥήτορος, ὁ
orator, speaker, politician
ῥύθμος -ου, ὁ
rhythm
ῥώμη -ης, ἡ
strength
σαυτοῦ -ῆς
yourself [reflexive]
σαφής -ές
clear
σελήνη -ης, ἡ
moon
σημαίνω
show
σημεῖον -ου, τό
sign
σῖτος -ου, ὁ
grain
σκέπτομαι
examine
σκευάζω
prepare
σκήνη -ης, ἡ
tent, stage
σκοπέω
look at
σός -ή -όν
your, yours
σοφία -ας, ἡ
wisdom
σοφός -ή -όν
wise
σπεύδω
hurry
σπονδή -ῆς, ἡ
libation
σπουδάζω
hurry
σπουδή -ῆς, ἡ
eagerness
στάδιον -ου, τό
stade = 606.75 feet = roughly 1/8 of a mile
στάσις -εως, ἡ
revolution
στέλλω
send
στερέω
separate
στέρνον -ου, τό
chest
στεφανόω
surround, crown
στόλος -ου, ὁ
expedition
στόμα -ατος, τό
mouth
στρατεία -ας, ἡ
expedition, campaign
στράτευμα -ατος, τό
expedition, campaign
στρατεύω
do military service
στρατηγός -οῦ, ὁ
general
στρατιά -ᾶς, ἡ
army
στρατιώτης -ου, ὁ
soldier
στρατοπεδεύω
encamp
στρατόπεδον -ου, τό
camp
στρατός -οῦ, ὁ
army
στρέφω
turn
σύ, σου
you
σύν
with (+ dat.)
συνάγω
bring together
συνάπτω
bind together
συγγενής -ές
related
συγγνώμη -ης, ἡ
pardon
σύγκλητος -ον
specially called
συλλαμβάνω
collect
συμβαίνω
happen, agree with
συμβάλλω
throw together
συμβουλεύω
advise
σύνειμι
be with, associate with, live with
συνέρχομαι
to come together
συνεχής -ές
continuous
συνθήκη -ης, ἡ
composition, contract
συνίστημι
bring together
συμμαχέω
be an ally
συμμαχία -ας, ἡ
alliance
σύμμαχος -ον
allied
σύμπας -πᾶσα -πᾶν
all together
συμφέρω
benefit (+ dat.)
συμφορά -ᾶς, ἡ
accident
συντάσσω
arrange
συντίθημι
put together
συγχωρέω
come together, agree
σφάζω
kill
σφεῖς, σφῶν
they
σφέτερος -α -ον
their (own)
σφόδρα
exceedingly
σχεδόν
close, almost
σχῆμα -ατος, τό
form
σχολή -ῆς, ἡ
leisure
σώζω
save
σῶμα -ατος, τό
body
σωτηρία -ας, ἡ
safety
τάλαντον -ου, τό
an amount of silver worth 600 drachma
τάξις -εως, ἡ
arrangement, order
τάσσω
arrange
ταύτῃ
in this way,
ταῦρος -ου, ὁ
bull
ταὐτό = τὸ αὐτό
the same
τάφος -ου, ὁ
tomb
τάχος -ους, τό
speed
ταχύς -εῖα -ύ
quick
τε
and
τείνω
stretch
τειχέω
build walls
τεῖχος -ους, τό
wall
τεκμήριον -ου, τό
evidence
τέκνον -ου, τό
child
τελευταῖος -α -ον
last, final
τελευτάω
finish, die
τελευτή -ῆς, ἡ
completion, death
τελέω
fulfil
τέλος -ους, τό
end
τέμνω
cut
τεσσαράκοντα
forty
τέσσαρες -α
four
τέταρτος -η -ον
fourth
τετρακόσιοι -αι -α
four hundred
τεύχω
build
τέχνη -ης, ἡ
art, skill
τῇ
here, there
τηλικοῦτος -αύτη -οῦτον
of such an age or size
τηρέω
watch for
τίθημι
put
τίκτω
give birth
τιμάω
honour
τιμή -ῆς, ἡ
value
τιμωρέω
help, avenge
τιμωρία -ας, ἡ
help, vengeance
τις τι
someone, something
τίς τί
who? what? which?
τοι
let me tell you, for sure
τοίνυν
therefore
τοιόσδε, τοιάδε, τοιόνδε
such a
τοιοῦτος, τοιαύτη, τοιοῦτο
such as this
τολμάω
dare
τόξον -ου, τό
bow
τόπος -ου, ὁ
place, topic
τοσόσδε -ηδε -ονδε
so much, so many
τοσοῦτος -αύτη -οῦτο(ν)
so large, so much
τότε
then
τραῦμα -ατος, τό
wound
τρεῖς τρία
three
τρέπω
turn
τρέφω
nourish
τρέχω
run
τρέω
flee
τριάκοντα
thirty
τριακόσιοι -αι -α
three hundred
τρίβω
rub
τριήρης -ους, ἡ
trireme
τρίτος -η -ον
third
τρόπος -ου, ὁ
way
τροφή -ῆς, ἡ
nourishment, food
τυγχάνω
happen (+ part.) hit, meet, have (+ gen.)
τυραννίς -ίδος, ἡ
tyranny
τύραννος -ου, ὁ
ruler, tyrant
τύχη -ης, ἡ
luck
ὑβρίζω
insult, offend, disrespect
ὕβρις -εως, ἡ
offense, disrespect, arrogance
ὑγιής -ές
healthy
ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό
water
υἱός -οῦ, ὁ
son
ὑμέτερος -α -ον
your, yours
ὕπατος -η -ον
highest, the top of
ὑπέρ
for (+ gen.), beyond (+ acc.)
ὑπερβάλλω
excel
ὑπερβολή -ῆς, ἡ
excess
ὑπισχνέομαι
promise
ὕπνος -ου, ὁ
sleep
ὑπό
by (+ gen.), under (+ gen., dat.), down under (+ acc.)
ὑπακούω
listen to
ὑπάρχω
begin, exist
ὑπολαμβάνω
take up
ὑπομένω
stay behind, survive
ὕστερος -α -ον
following
ὑψηλός -ή -όν
high
φαίνω
show, appear
φάλαγξ, -αγγος, ἡ
phalanx, battle‐array
φανερός -ά ‐όν
clear
φάρμακον -ου, τό
drug
φάσκω
claim
φαῦλος -η -ον
trivial
φέρω
carry
φεύγω
flee, run away
φημί
say
φθάνω
anticipate
φθείρω
destroy
φιλέω
love
φιλία -ας, ἡ
love, friendship
φίλιος -α -ον
friendly, dear
φίλος -η -ον
beloved, dear
φοβέω
terrify
φόβος -ου, ὁ
fear
φόνος -ου, ὁ
slaughter
φράζω
tell
φρήν, φρενός, ἡ
mind
φρονέω
think
φροντίζω
think
φρουρά -ᾶς, ἡ
guard
φυγάς -άδος, ὁ or ἡ
fugitive
φυγή -ῆς, ἡ
escape
φυλακή -ῆς, ἡ
guard
φυλάσσω
guard
φυλή -ῆς, ἡ
race, tribe
φύσις -εως, ἡ
nature
φύω
produce
φωνέω
make a sound, speak
φωνή -ῆς, ἡ
sound, voice
φῶς, φωτός, ὁ
light
χαίρω
be happy
χαλεπός -ή -όν
difficult
χάρις, -ιτος, ἡ
grace, favour
χειμών -ῶνος, ὁ
winter
χείρ, χειρός, ἡ
hand
χειρόω
manage, master
χείρων, χεῖρον
worse
χέω
pour
χίλιοι -αι -α
a thousand
χόω
pile up, bury
χράομαι
use (+ dat.)
χράω
(a) scrape (b) attack, be eager, desire (impf) (c) furnish
χρεία -ας, ἡ
use
χρή
it is fated, necessary
χρῆμα -ατος, τό
thing, (pl.) money
χρήσιμος -η -ον
useful
χρηστός -ή -όν
useful
χρόνος -ου, ὁ
time
χρυσοῦς -ῆ -οῦν
golden
χρυσός -οῦ, ὁ
gold
χώρα -ας, ἡ
land
χωρέω
move
χωρίον -ου, τό
place
χωρίς
apart
ψευδής -ές
false
ψεύδω
lie, cheat
ψηφίζω
vote
ψήφισμα -ατος, τό
decree
ψῆφος -ου, ἡ
vote
ψυχή -ῆς, ἡ
breath
O! oh!
ὧδε
in this way
ὥρα -ας, ἡ
season
ὡς
as, since, so that (+ subj/opt), (indirect statement) that, to (+ acc.)
ὥσπερ
just as, as if
ὥστε
that (result)
ὠφελέω
help