Human Body Practice Test - 7th Grade Science
Terms in this set (52)
The body system that allows for movement while supporting and protecting the body.
The bodily system that works with the skeletal system to allow for movement of the body.
The _________________ consists of organs that are responsible for the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food that results in molecules that can be absorbed and transported to the cells.
The mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine are the 5 major organs of the ___________ system.
The __________ is the spot in the body where digestion starts has mechanical digestion.
The __________ transports food from the mouth to the stomach.
The ______________ is the organ in the digestive system where food is broken down by chemical digestion.
The broken down nutrients are absorbed through the walls of the _______________ into the blood stream where they are transported to the cells for energy.
The major function of the _________________ is to absorb water from the remaining indigestible food matter and transmit the useless waste material from the body.
Nutrients from digested food enters the blood stream through the process of ______________.
Absorption happens in the _______________ intestine.
______________ are used for replacement and repair of body cells and growth
_______________ are the main source of energy for your body. "Quick Energy "
____________ are used are for stored energy and absorption of vitamins.
______________are needed for growth, regulating body functions and preventing some diseases
______________ regulate chemical reactions and body function
_____________ is essential to survival because your cells need water to carry out their functions.
____________ provides nutrients that serve as fuel and building material for all organisms.
The amount of energy in foods is measured in _____________.
Exercise, hormones and diet all effect an organisms _____________.
All living things must release _____________ from their food, using it to carry on their life processes.
The _______________ system functions in the disposal of dissolved waste molecules, and the elimination of liquid and gaseous wastes, and the removal of excess heat energy.
The skin is part of the _______________ system (protective), is a sense organ and helps to control body temperature.
The urinary system, digestive system, respiratory system and skin make up the _________________.
The __________________ rids the body of excess water, metabolic waste and salts.
The _____________ are the main organs of the urinary system. Their function is to filter the blood and remove wastes.
The digestive system rids the body of water and _______________.
The respiratory system rids the body of ______________ and water.
excess heat energy
Through the pores of your skin salt, __________________ and other substances are excreted.
digestive and excretory
The kidneys are organs that are part of the ________________ and ______________ systems
The __________________ system supplies oxygen and removes carbon dioxide.
During respiration, cells use _____________ to release the energy stored in food.
______________ are tiny sacs that allow the oxygen to enter the blood from the lungs as well as pick up the carbon dioxide to exhale out of the body.
Gas exchange is the process where oxygen enters the blood from the lungs and carbon dioxide is picked up to ________ out of the body.
The heart, blood vessels and blood are all parts of the ______________ system
The _________________ is responsible for moving substances to and from the cells while responding to changes in the organism.
The ________ pumps blood through the ody
The ______________ carry blood through the body
The __________ carries oxygen, CO2, nutrients and waste to and from the cells.
Infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms called __________.
The oxygen travels to the lungs where it eventually reaches the alveoli - tiny sacs that allow the oxygen to enter the blood from the lungs as well as pick up the carbon dioxide to exhale out of the body. This is called ________________.
control and coordinate
The nervous and endocrine systems interact to _________ and __________the body's responses to changes in the environment, and to regulate growth, development, and reproduction.
This is the bodily system that is responsible for the regulation of the body's responses to internal and external stimuli.
___________________ are chemicals produced by the endocrine system; hormones regulate many body functions.
The Endocrine system is made up of _____________that produce specific hormones for specific responses.
______________ is a change in the environment that causes a response.
______________ is an involuntary, automatic response to a stimulus.
The male and female ________________ are responsible for producing sex cells necessary for the production of offspring.
nervous and muscular systems
Which human body systems are directly involved in reflex actions, blinking and jumping when startled?
nervous and endocrine systems
Which two systems of a rabbit's body must be working together for a rabbit to run away from a fox?
circulatory and respiratory systems
Which two systems work together to supply oxygen to cells?
digestive and circulatory systems
Which two systems work together to get the nutrients to the cells.