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Politics of the United States
schwardt chapter 2
Terms in this set (23)
a nations basic law. it creates political instituitions, assigns or divides powers in government, and often provides certain gurantees to citizens. constitutions can be either written or un written.
declaration of independence
the document approved by representatives of the american colonies in 1776 that stated their grievences against the british monarch and declared their independence.
rights inherent human beings, not dependent on governments which include life, liberty, and property. the concept of natural rights was central to english philospher john lockes theories.
consent of governed
the idea that government derives its authority by sanction of the people.
the idea that certain restrictions should be placed on the government to protect the natural rights of citizens.
articles of confederation
the first constitution of the united states, adopted by congress in 1777 and enacted in 1781.
a series of attacks on courthouse by a small band of farmers led by revolutionary war captain daniel shays to block foreclosure proceedings.
the document written in 1787 and ratified in 1788 that sets forth the institutional structure of u.s. government and the tasks these institutions perform.
interest groups arising fromthe unequal distribution of propertyor wealth that james madison attacked in the federalist paper.
new jersey plan
the proposal at the constitutional convention that called for equal representation of each state in congress in proportion to that states population.
the proposal at the constitutional convention that called for representation of each state in congress in proportion to that statespopulation.
the compromise reached at the constitutional convention that established two houses of congress the house of representatives, in which is based on a population.
writ of habeas corpus
a court order requiring jailers to explain to a judge why they are holding a prisoner in custady.
seperation of powers
it requires each of the three branches of government to be relatively independent of the otheres so that one cannot control the others.
checks and balances
it limits governments power by requiring that power be balanced amoung the different governmentak instituitions.
a form of government in which the people select representations to govern them and make laws.
supporters of the u.s. constitution at the timestates were contemplating its adoption.
opponents of the american constitution at the time when the states were contemplating its adoption.
a collection of 85 articles written by alexender hamilton and others to defend the constitution in detail.
bill of rights
the first ten amendments of the constitution drafted in rersponse to the anti federalists. this amedment justifies basic liberties.
equal rights amendment
a constitutional amendement passed by congress in 1972 stating that equality rights under the law shall not bedenied or abridged by theunited states by any state on account of sex.
marbury v. madison
the 1803 case in which chief justice john marshall and his associates first asserted the right of the supreme court.
the power of the courts to determine whether acts of congress, and by implication the executive
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