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53 terms

Logical Reasoning

STUDY
PLAY
Justify the Conclusion / Assumtion
What question type requires you to select an answer choice that logically proves the conclusion of the argument?
Assumtion solving tips
Any new information in the conclusion will appear in the correct answer.
Strengthen an Argument tips
Identify the conclusion, personalize the argument, look for weaknesses in the argument
Strengthen questions/ cause and effect solving tips
eliminate any alternate causes, shows cause occurs the effect occurs, cause does not occur the effect does not occur, eliminate possibility of relationship reversed, if data used it is accurate or eliminate problems with data
Justify the Conclusion Question example
the test results would provide the proof that the manufacturer clams they do if which one of the following is assumed?
Justify the Conclusion Question example
Which one of the following assumptions would allow the conclusion concerning eighteenth century chemistry to be propertly drawn
Justify the Conclusion Question example
Which onf of the following if assumed allows the conclusion above to be properly drawn?
Justify the Conclusion Question example
The conclusion of the argument flollows loggically if which one of the following is assumed?
Justify the Conclusion Question example
Which one of the following is an assumption tht would make the conclusion in the passage a logical one?
Assumption tips
Conclusion(valid) ----> Assumption(valid)
Assumption Negate Technique
Logically negate the answer choice under consideration
The negated answer that attacks the argument will be the correct answer.
Must be true tip
The correct answer to a must be true question can always be proven by referring to the facts in the stimulus.
Must be true formats
The stem often indicates the information in the stimulus should be taken as true, as in:
If the statement above are true,
The statement above, if true,
If the information above is correct,
Must be true correct answers
Paraphrased answers, answers that restate a portion of the stimulus but the language used is not exactly the same
Must be true correct answers
Answers that are the sum or combination of two or more stimulus statements
Opposite of Must be true
Not necessarily true
Opposite of not necessarily true
Must be true
Opposite of could be true
Can not be true
Opposite of Can not be true
Could be true
Must be true incorrect answers tips
An answer that is not necessarily true
Must be true incorrect answers tips
An answer that is exaggerated, like if "some" is exaggerated to "most"
Must be true incorrect answers tips
An answer that has new information will be wrong
Main point question tip
Many pain point questions place the conclusion at the beginnning or the middle of the stimulus
Main point question incorrect answers
answers that are true but do not encapsulate the authers point
Main point questions incorrect answers
Answers that repeat premises in the argument
Main point question example
Which one of the following most accurately expresses the conclusion of the journalist's argument?
Main point question example
The main point of the argument is that?
If Sufficient
Then Necessary
If
sufficient
when
sufficient
whenever
sufficient
every
sufficient
all
sufficient
any
sufficient
people who
sufficient
in order to
sufficient
to get
sufficient
you will get
sufficient
then
necessary
only
necessary
only if
necessary
must
necessry
required
necessary
unless
necessary
except
necessary
until
necessary
without
necessary
Weaken question tip
almost all correct weaken answers leave the primises untouched, the conclusion is the what is most likely to be attacked
Weaken question tips
focus on the conclusion, often reasoning errors, correct answers can have new information in them
Strengthen questions set apart
strengthen questions ask you to support the argument in any way from 1% to 100%
Justify the conclusion set apart
they ask you to stengthen the arguement so powerfully that the conclusion is make logical, nothing less than 100%
Assumption questions set apart
ask you to identify the statement that the argument assumes or supposes, it is simply an unstated premise, what must be true for the argument to be true
Strengthen question example
The reasoning in the advertisement would be most strengthened if which one of the following were true?