20 terms

Forms and Systems of Government

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Representative Democracy
a system of government in which the people elect representatives to make policies and laws for them, also known as a republic
Communism
a form of government in which a single ruling party owns and controls all production and distribution of goods, and in which no private ownership is allowed
Socialism
an economic system in which the government owns the primary means of production
Monarchy
a form of government headed by a king or queen who inherits the position, rules for life, and holds power that can range anywhere between limited to absolute
Absolute Monarchy
a form of monarchy where the king or queen has total (or absolute) power.
Direct Democracy
a form of government in which the power to govern lies directly in the hands of the people rather than through elected representatives
Autocracy
a form of government where one person has unlimited power
Oligarchy
a form of government in which a small group has total control and power
Republic
a form of government in which power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Dictatorship
a form of autocracy where a military leader becomes the leader of a country often through violent means
Confederal
a system of government where power is located with the independent states and there is little power in the central government
Federal
a system of government where power is shared between a central government and states
Government
a system or organization for exercising authority over a body of people
Parliamentary
a system of government where power lies with the legislative body and the leader of the country is part of the legislature
Prime Minister
the head of state in a parliamentary system
Unitary
a system of government where almost all power is located with the central government
Constitutional Monarchy
a form of monarchy where the king or queen is limited in their power by a constitution
Democracy
government by the people; rule by the people
Ideology
a system of social or political ideas
Theocracy
a form of government that uses religious law to rule the country and write the laws