100 terms

Vocab 5

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astute
keen of mind and judgement, especially in practical matters. smart
asylum
sanctuary, haven
atone
to make up for of being bad
atrocity
a savage cruel, brutal, or inhuman deed
atrophy
failure to develop normally
attrition
a gradual wearing down or walking of resistance resulting from constant friction, pressure, or harassment
augment
to make better
augur
someone who can forecast the future by spotting sign or indications of what is to come
austere
severely simple
authentic
genuine, trustworthy
autointoxication
self intoxication or ruler of intoxication, poisoning by the body itself
victim
a person harmed, injured, or killed as a result crime
dogma
set of principles laid down by authority as true
politics
the activities of government concerning relations with other countries
trauma
a deeply distressing/disturbing experience
deputy
a person whose immediate superior is a senior figure within an organization and is empowered to act as a sub for this superior
eulogy
a speech written that praises someone highly, usually someone that died
civil
of or relating to ordinary citizens and their concerns, as distinct from military
legitimate
absolute and in all
proselyte
a person who converted from one religion, opinion, or party to another recently
tyranny
cruel and unfair ruler of the people
social
of or relating to society or its organization
plagiarism
the practice of taking someone's work or ideas and passing them as one's own
theory
a set of principles on which the practice of an activity is based
radical
thoroughgoing or extreme; change from tradition
normal
similar to other beings
alter ego
different version of one self
quid pro quo
a favor or advantage granted or expected in return for something
de facto
in fact, or in effect, whether by right or not
persona non grata
unacceptable or unwelcome person
obiter dictum
a judge incidental expression of opinion
amicus curiae
an impartical adviser, often volunatary, to a court of law in a particular case
de jure
according to rightful entitlement or claim
status quo
the existing state of affairs, regarding social and political issues
pro tempore
for the time being
prima facie
based on first impression, accepted as correct till proved otherwise
modus operandi
a particular way or method of doing something
ex officio
by virtue of one's position or status
alma mater
the school, college, or university, that one once attended.
sub rosa
happening or done in secret
in absentia
while not present at the event being referred to
vice versa
with the main idea in the preceding statements the other way around
casus belli
an event or action that justifies a war or conflict
non sequitur
a conclusion that does not logically follow from previous statement
sine qua non
an essential condition , thing absolutely necessary
deus ex machina
unexpected power or event saying a seemingly hopeless situation
detente
the easing of hostility or strained relations esp countries
activist
the action including campaigns for social change
deficit spending
amount by which spending exceeds revenue over a particular part of time
elitist
a person who believes that a system or society should be ruled or dominated by an elite
police state
totalitarian state controlled by a political police force that security supervises the citizens activities
dumb down
to lower the level of difficulty
pluralistic society
diverse, people believes in different things but still respect each other
welfare state
government undertake to support the health and well being of its citizens
civil libertarian
the state of being that reflect the idea of freedom as a political end
permissiveness
granting or tending to grant permission
status symbol
possession that is taken to indicate a person's wealth or high social or professional status
urban renewal
redevelopments or areas within a large city
disinformation
false information that is intended to mislead
reactionary
opposing political or social liberalization
sexist
someone who thinks low of one sex and superior of other
establishment
the action of establishing something (government) body
gentrification
process of renewal and rebuilding the influx of middle class
insider trading
illegal practice or trading on the stock exchange to one's own advantage through having access
rapprochement
establishment of harmonies relations
conservative
holding to traditional values and beliefs
downsizing
make smaller
neoconservative
relating to modified and new form of traditional viewpoint
grass-roots-movement
the people in a given district as the basis for a political or economic movement
open diplomacy
opposite of secret diplomacy
software
program and operating information by a computer
third-world nation
used to define countires that were not aligned with NATo and capitalism or the Soviet Union or the communism
feminist movement
series of campaigns to get women's rights
liberal
open to new behavior or opinion and willing to discard traditional values
inner city
the area near the center of a city
human rights
the rights of humans; mankind
yenta
gossip or busybody
mensch
utterly unlikeable or unfriendly person
kven
happy and proud
klutz
clumsy and foolish
schlock
cheap or inferior good ; trash
kvetch
a person who complains a great deal
schlemiel
stupid, awkward, unlucky person
schmooze
gossip
schmatz
excessive sentimentally in music or movies (overdramatic)
nosh
food
schlepp
haul or carry
maven
an expert
acumen
ability to make good judgements and quick decisions
obtuse
slow to understand
enormity
grave criminal or sin
grisly
causing horror or disjust
redress
remedy or set right
impeccable
faultless
deteriorate
become worse
enhance
further improve the quality of
clement
mild and merciful
foreshadow
warning or indicate of
flamboyant
tending to attract attention of their confidence
spurious
not being what it purposes to be