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Terms in this set (37)
The Greek term for the "upper atmosphere" that arose from Night.
The goat, whose milk nourished Zeus in his infancy and who helped him in his rise to power, in which struggle she loses one of her horns. This is said to have been the origin of the cornucopia or "horn of plenty."
Goddess of the procreative urge; she arises from the severed genitals of Uranus.
Apollo and Artemis (Phoebus and Phoebe)
The twin children of Zeus and Leto; Apollo will become equated with the sun-god and Artemis with the moon-goddess; Phoebus is an epithet of Apollo meaning "bright"; the feminine form Phoebe becomes an epithet of Artemis.
The first principle of creation, meaning "yawning void."
Helius and Clymene are the parents of Phaëthon.
The Titan son of Gaia and Uranus; he will castrate his father and separate earth from sky; his Latin name is Saturn. He and Rhea eventually become the parents of Zeus.
The "young men" who bang on their shields to drown out the cries of the infant Zeus to prevent his discovery by Cronus. Originally, they are the devotees of the mother-goddess Cybele, and their connection with Zeus' infancy offers an etiological explanation of the music and ritual used in the worship of Cybele.
Three children of Gaia and Uranus: Brontes ("thunder"), Steropes ("lightning"), and Arges ("bright"); they forge Zeus' thunderbolts, and their name means "circle-eyed").
An epithet of Aphrodite associating her with the island of Cyprus, where she first arose from the sea.
An epithet of Aphrodite associating her with the island of Cythera
The god who arises from Night.
The mortal lover of the goddess Selene; he is visited by her at night when he is asleep.
The daughter of Hyperion and Theia; she is the goddess of the dawn and lover of Tithonus. Her Latin name is Aurora.
One of the primordial deities that arose from Chaos; Erebus is the gloom that pervades Tartarus.
One of the primordial deities that arose from Chaos; Eros, or "love," is the god of the procreative urge for sexual union; his Latin name is Cupid.
One of the primordial deities that arose from Chaos; she is the "earth" and mother of all.
The "hundred-handers" are children of Gaia and Uranus, and they aid Zeus in his conflict with the Titans.
Son of Hyperion and Theia and god of the "sun"; his most important myth concerns his son Phaëthon.
Boeotian poet (ca. 700 B. C.) who wrote the Theogony and Works and Days.
The Greek term for the archetypal "sacred marriage" between the earth and sky.
A Titan and father of Helius, Selene, and Eos; a sun god, whose name means "he who travels on high."
Mountain in eastern Crete, where Zeus is reared in infancy.
The nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne; they are the goddess of the arts, invoked by poets such as Homer and Hesiod; their name means "reminders."
One of the primordial deities that arose from Chaos; from Night arose Aether and Day.
The children of the Titan Oceanus and Tethys; there are the countless nymphs of the rivers and streams of the earth; their name means "the daughters of Ocean."
One of the Titans and father of the Oceanids; he is the personification of the freshwater stream that encircles the earth.
Son of the mortal woman Clymene and the son-god Helius; in seeking assurance of his divine ancestry he asks to drive the chariot of the sun and dies in a fiery conflagration; a hero cult arises on the spot where he falls to earth after being struck from the chariot by Zeus' thunderbolt.
Pontus and Mountains
Children of Gaia alone; Pontus means "sea."
One of the Titans and mother of Zeus by Cronus.
The goddess of the "moon"; her most important myth involves her love for the shepherd Endymion.
One of the primordial deities that arose from Chaos; Tartarus is the place of eternal punishment in the Underworld.
A term that refers to a tale concerned with the generation and genealogy of the gods; it is also the title of one of Hesiod's most important works.
The twelve children of Gaia and Uranus, who personify the forces of the natural world; they will be defeated by Zeus in the Titanomachy.
The mortal lover of Eos who is given eternal life but not eternal youth.
The first "sky" god; he fathered with Gaia the Titans, the Hecatonchires, and the Cyclopes, among others; the separation of earth and sky results from Uranus' castration by his son Cronus.
The son of Cronus and Rhea; he is rescued from being consumed by his father and raised on Crete; he grows up to free his siblings Hestia, Hera, Demeter, Poseidon, and Hades and usurp his father's position, becoming a sky-god himself. His consort is Hera, and he becomes "the father of gods and men."
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