Religion Final Vocabulary List

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Divination
the practice of seeking knowledge of the future or the unknown by supernatural means
Doutrinador
a category of mediums also called "indoctrinators"
Asceticism
the doctrine that a person can attain a high spiritual and moral state by practicing self-denial, self-mortification, and the like
Apara
valley of the dawn
Roshi
religious teacher of a group of Zen Buddhists
Revival
a period of renewed religious interest
Coven
a group or gathering of witches who meet regularly
Nirvana
a place or state characterized by freedom from or oblivion to pain, worry, and the external world
5 pillars of practice
Shahadah: sincerely reciting the Muslim profession of faith
Salat: performing ritual prayers in the proper way five times each day
Zakat: paying an alms (or charity) tax to benefit the poor and the needy
Sawm: fasting during the month of Ramadan
Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca
Ashe
spiritual energy
Orixá
any of the minor god(s) or spirits of traditional Yoruba religion
Orthodoxy
correct theory or doctrine
Orthopraxy
correct action or practice
Immanent
existing or operating within
Apocalypticism
any doctrine concerning the end of the temporal world, especially one based on the supposed prophetic passages in the Revelation of St. John the Divine
Earth-based religions
the worship of all aspects of nature; nature as a whole considered to be the source of universal consciousness and energy
Rite of passage
any important act or event that serves to mark a passage from one stage of life to another
Exu
is the owner of the roads and doors in this world and is the repository of ashe
Medium
uses his or her psychic or intuitive abilities to see the past, present and future events of a person by tuning into the spirit energy surrounding that person
Pomba Gira
is the name of an Afro-Brazilian female spirit evoked by practitioners of Umbanda and Quimbanda in Brazil
Nummo
are ancestral spirits (sometimes referred to as deities) worshipped by the Dogon people, and were also the first living creature created
Magick
the power of apparently influencing the course of events by using mysterious or supernatural forces
Disobsession
a type of exorcism ritual found among the Spirits of Brazil, and the various mappings of the Brazilian religious system
Sacrifice
chief manner of worship
Millenial Kingdom
the thousand-year reign of Christ and is usually seen as the same Messianic Kingdom anticipated by the Old Testament prophets
Zelador
caretaker- someone who takes care of something
Dual messiahship
the messiah is both male and female
Anchorite
a person who has retired to a solitary place for a life of religious seclusion
Male continence
a form of sexual intercourse in which the male partner does not attempt to ejaculate within the female partner
Zazen
sitting mediation
4 noble truths
The truth of suffering (dukkha)
The truth of the cause of suffering (samudaya)
The truth of the end of suffering (nirhodha)
The truth of the path that frees us from suffering (magga)
New testament
the collection of the books of the Bible that were produced by the early Christian church, comprising the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Epistles, and the Revelation of St. John the Divine
Complex marriage
any member is free to have sex with any other who consented
Sabbath
the seventh day of the week, Saturday, as the day of rest and religious observance among Jews
Ayahuasca
a tropical vine native to the Amazon region, noted for its hallucinogenic properties
Samsara
the endless series of births, deaths, and rebirths to which all beings are subject
Perfectionism
utopia
Transcendent
superhuman conceived as originating above and outside the human world
Cosmogony
a theory or story of the origin and development of the universe, the solar system, or the earth-moon system
Kingdom of heaven
no marriage- exclusive possession monogamy
Reincarnation
the belief that the soul, upon death of the body, comes back to earth in another body or form
Propagative
to reproduce
Mysticism
the belief that direct knowledge of God, spiritual truth, or ultimate reality can be attained through subjective experience
Koan
a nonsensical or paradoxical question to a student for which an answer is demanded, the stress of meditation on the question often being illuminating
Third millennium
an era in which there will be no more karmic reincarnation, and the most evolved spirits will be united in the star capela
Spirit possession
the seizure of a human being by the divine, or by external spirit(s)
Satori
sudden enlightenment
Animism
the belief that natural objects, natural phenomena, and the universe itself possess souls
Jaguars
spirits sent to finish establishing human civilizations
Qu'ran
the sacred text of Islam
Ka'ba
a small, cubical building in the courtyard of the Great Mosque at Mecca containing a sacred black stone
Transcendental heritage
supernatural or beyond the human experience passed down
Ihram
the dress worn by male Muslims on their pilgrimage to Mecca, consisting of two white cotton cloths, one worn round the waist, the other over the left shoulder
Hajj
pilgrimage
Karma
action and consequences of action
Amative
disposed to love
Dharma
set of teachings to free ourselves from ego-centered desire
Pilgrimage
a journey, especially a long one, made to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion