Art 1 midterm study guide

Terms in this set (2)

1. The Elements of Art are the building blocks artists use to create a work of art.
2. The Elements of Art consist of line, color, value, form (3d), shape (2d), space, and
texture.
3. Hatching is the shading technique that is parallel to one another.
4. Value is the element of art that is the lightness or darkness of an object or work of art
5. Three ways that you can change value when shading with graphite is pressure, line/dot
density, and layering pigment.
6. Hatching is the shading technique that is parallel to one another.
7. Blending is the shading technique that is a smooth gradation of value.
8. Stippling is the shading technique that is created with dots or dashes.
9. Crosshatching is the shading technique that the lines intersect one another.
10. Artists use construction guidelines to help them achieve correct shape and size of objects.
11. Using a light source or an imaginary light source helps you to better understand where you
should apply shadows, cast shadows, and highlights.
12. A person can develop their perceptual (observational) skills by looking at height, width, depth,
distance, direction, and placement of objects.
13. Highlights are the lightest areas a work of art.
14. Form is an element of art that is a three-dimensional shape expressing length, width, and
depth. (balls, cylinders, boxes, and pyramids.)
15. Shape is an element of art that is two-dimensional and ha a closed line. (squares, circle,
triangle)
16. The difference between form and shape is that form has depth and shape does not.
17. Organic shapes or forms are the same thing as free form shapes or forms.
18. An example of a geometric form is a box.
19. Color is an element of are that is derived from reflected light.
20. The three Properties of Color are hue, value, and intensity.
21. List the colors of the color wheel in the correct order yellow, yellow green, green, blue
green, blue, blue violet, violet, red violet, red, red orange, orange, yellow orange.
22. Primary colors are yellow, blue, and red.
23. Secondary colors are orange, green, and purple/violet.
24. Tertiary colors are yellow green, blue violet, yellow orange, blue green, red orange, and
red violet.
25. Neutral colors are black, brown, white, and grey.
26. A Color Triad is any 3 hues on the color wheel that are equally spaced apart and which can
be connected by a straight line forming an equilateral triangle.
27. A Tint is light value of a hue and is made by adding white to the color.
28. An Analogous color scheme are colors that are next to each other and share a hue.
29. Complementary colors are directly across from each other on the color wheel.
30. Low-key colors are dark and dull.
31. A split compliment color scheme is one color and the colors that are on each side of its'
compliment color.
32. A Monochromatic color scheme is one color and its' tints and shades (different values).
33. A warm color palette is created by yellows, reds, and oranges.
34. Intensity is the brightness to dullness of a color and is changed by adding grey or a colors
compliment.
35. A double split compliment color scheme consists of 4 colors, which are on each side of a
pair compliment colors.
36. You change the intensity of a color by adding grey or a colors compliment.
37. Line is an element of art that can be a mark with greater length than width.
38. The following types of line are: curved, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, and zigzag.
39. Lines can vary in appearance in the following ways: thick/thin, long/short, rough/smooth,
direction, or degree of curve
40. The expressive qualities of horizon lines are peaceful and calming.
41. The expressive qualities of vertical lines can suggest stability, dignity, poise.
42. The expressive qualities of diagonal lines can suggest tension and indicate motion.
43. The expressive qualities of zig zag lines can suggest anxiety, confusion and dynamic
motion.
44. The expressive qualities of curved lines suggest grace, decoration, and motion.
45. The types of line that show that are active and suggest motion are diagonal, curved, and zig
zag.
46. Texture is an element of art that that can be seen (visually represented) or felt and can be
rough or smooth, soft or hard, shiny or mat.
47. The Principles of Design govern how the elements are organized (structured in the
composition).
48. The Principles of Design consist of rhythm, movement, pattern/repetition, balance,
proportion, variety, unity/harmony and contrast (sometimes seen in this list).
49. Rhythm is the principle of design that is created when one or more elements of design are
used repeatedly to create a feeling of organized movement.
50. Movement is the principle of design that is the path the viewer's eye takes through the
work of art, often to focal areas.
51. Repetition/Pattern is the principle of design that is the repeating of an object or symbol all
over the work of art.
52. Proportion is the principle of design that is the feeling of unity created when all parts
relate well with each other.
53. Balance is a principal of design that is the distribution of the visual weight of objects, color,
textures, and space.
54. In Symmetrical Balance the elements on one side of the design are similar or the same as
those on the other side.
55. Asymmetrical Balance has unlike visual weight/different on both sides, but it still
balanced.
56. Variety is a principal of design that is the use of several elements of design to hold the
viewer's attention and to guide the viewer's eye through and around the art.
57. Emphasis is a principal of design that is the part of design that catches your attention.
58. Unity is a principal of design that is distribution of perceived visual weights that offset one
another
59. Art Criticism is an organized approach for studying a work of art. It is
made up of four steps that must be taken in order.
60. The correct order of the steps of Art Criticism is describe, analyze, interpretation, and
evaluation/judgement.
61. The first and most objective step in Art Criticism is description
62. In step one of art criticism, you are answering "What do I see?"
63. In step two of art criticism, you are answering "How is the work organized?"
64. In step three of art criticism, you are answering "What do you think the artist is trying to
communicate?"
65. In step four of art criticism you are answering "Is the artwork successful?"
66. A credit line is the important facts about the artwork.
67. A medium (singular) / media (plural) is/are the materials used to create art.
68. The subject is what is easily recognizable in an artwork.
69. Composition is the placement/arrangement/organization of visual elements by the
principles of design.
70. A symbol is something that stands for or represents something else.
71. A subjective statement is opinion based.
72. An objective statement is fact based.
73. The difference between objective and subjective statements are subjective is opinion
based and objective is fact based.
74. The purposes that art can serve are personal expression, religious/spiritual, educational,
physical, social (identity), and social commentary or political satire.
75. Representational art references objects and events in the real world (things you
recognize).
76. A non-objective artwork has no clear subject. It only has elements of art and principles of
design
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