19 terms

indirect object pronouns

from http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/iopro1.htm When a pronoun takes the place of the name of the indirect object, use the following pronouns: me (me) te (you-familiar) le (him, her, you-formal) nos (us) os (you-all-familiar) les (them, you-all-formal) •The IO tells us where the DO is going. •The IO answers the question "to whom" or "for whom." •Sentences that have an IO usually also have a DO •Sometimes the DO is not stated, but rather is implied, or understood. •The IO pr…
The indirect object answers the question
"To whom?" or "For whom?" the action of the verb is performed.
When you have both a direct object pronoun and an indirect object pronoun in the same sentence,
the indirect object pronoun comes first.
Ellos me los dan.
They give them to me.
IO pronoun: me
DO pronoun: los
Ella te la vende.
She sells it to you.
IO pronoun: te
DO pronoun: la
Whenever both pronouns begin with the letter "l"
change the first pronoun to "se."
le lo =
les lo =
se lo
le la =
les la =
se la
les los =
le los =
se los
le las =
les las =
se las
The reason for changing "le lo" to "se lo" is merely
to avoid the tongue-twisting effect of two short consecutive words that begin with the letter "l". To demonstrate this, first quickly say "les las" and then quickly say "se las." See how much easier it is to say "se las?"
No se lo tengo.
I don't have it for you.
Nunca se los compro.
I never buy them for her.
Él se lo dice a ella.
He tells it to her.
In sentences with two verbs, there are two options regarding the placement of the pronouns. Place them
I want to tell it to you.
Te lo quiero decir.
Quiero decírtelo.
immediately before the conjugated verb or attach them directly to the infinitive.

She should explain it to me.
Ella me lo debe explicar.
Ella debe explicármelo.

Note that when attaching the pronouns to the infinitive, a written accent is also added to the final syllable of the infinitive. This preserves the sound of the infinitive.
When the pronouns are attached to the infinitive,
make the sentence negative by placing the negative word directly before the conjugated verb.
Ella debe explicármelo.
Ella me lo debe explicar.
Ella no me lo debe explicar.
Ella no debe explicármelo.
She must explain it to me.
She must not explain it to me.
Quiero decírtelo.
Te lo quiero decir.
No te lo quiero decir.
No quiero decírtelo.
I want to tell you.
I don't want to tell you
Necesitas enviársela a ellos.
Se la necesitas enviar a ellos.
No se la necesitas enviar a ellos.
No necesitas enviársela a ellos.
You need to send it to them.
You don't need to send it to them.
When the pronouns come before the conjugated verb, make the sentence negative
by placing the negative word directly before the pronouns.