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History Final Study Guide-Kaysinger
Terms in this set (86)
Any area that has common characteristics (language, religion, climates, landforms)
indicates what an area looks like in both physical and human terms (rocky soil, hilly, clothing,)
Human Environment Interaction
interactions between humans and the societies and nature around them ( we modify the environment when we heat and cool our houses, and when we adapt to our crazy Rolla climate.)
refers to the transfer of items from one place to another (migration to Rolla for the university, and people move away from Rolla to get to bigger places with more job opportunities)
absolute location refers to the exact location of a place, measured in latitude/longitude; Relative location describes where something is in terms of other areas.
lines drawn east to west and measures north to south; equator
lines drawn north to south and measures east to west; prime meridian
What are the Characteristics of Civilizations?
cities, complex religions, social classes, art and architecture, organized central gov, job specialization, writing, public works
Moksha belongs to what religion?
Enlightenment belongs to what faith?
Nirvana belongs to what religion?
The 10 commandments are attributed to which faith?
The 5 pillars are included in which faith?
Karma is in what religion?
The 4 noble truths come from which faith?
The eightfold path goes with what religion?
Who does the Torah belong to?
Who does the Bible belong to ?
Who does the Koran belong to?
Who is Hammurabi?
The Babylonian ruler who put together a single, uniform code of laws
What does it mean to be Polytheistic?
believing in more than one religion
What was the purpose of pyramids in Egypt?
tombs for pharaohs and their queens, like a shrine
What were cities like in the Indus River Valley?
well planned(streets at 90 degree angles)
What is cultural diffusion?
Process in which a new idea or product spreads from one culture to another
Be able to match the rivers to Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River Valley and China
Mesopotamia: Tigris and Euphrates Egypt: Nile China: Yellow and Yangtze Indus River Valley: Indus
What is the fertile crescent?
an arc of land in Southwest Asia that provided rich farming land in ancient times
What is the mandate of Heaven?
The chinese view that royal authority came from the gods; divine rule
What is a phalanx?
a fighting form used by the romans where soldiers use a spear and a shield and stand side-by-side
What is Hellenistic Culture?
a blend of greek, egyptian, persian, and indian. Greek art, architecture, language, etc
What are some characteristics of Athens?
was a democracy, depended on trade, only males were formally educated, women don´t have rights
What are some characteristics of Sparta?
oligarchy, military state, not a lot of trade, spartans are expected to fight
What is the Illiad and the Odessey?
poems written by homer
What is a polis?
self governing city state
Who was Socrates?
he came up with a method of questioning to get to the truth
What is a democracy?
ruled by the people
What is a monarchy?
ruled by one; called a king
What is a tyranny?
seized control of the government by appealing to the common people for support
What is an Aristocracy?
ruled by a small group of noble, landowning families
What is an Oligarchy?
ruled by a few
What was the Pax Romana?
207 year period of peace
Who was Hannibal?
Carthage's general during the 2nd Punic war; led elephants across the Alps
What are the Plebeians?
a Roman commoner, lowest social class. Representatives for this group were known as tribunes
What are the Patricians?
aristocrats, upper class in Rome, made up the senate
What is Greco-Roman culture also known as?
What regions of the world are still influenced by Rome?
Europe and the United States
What are the 12 tables?
1st written laws/code written in Rome; all free citizens deserved protection of the laws
What was the Byzantine Empire?
The eastern half of the Roman Empire
Who was Julius Caesar?
a general who elected himself consul for life and was dictator until his assassination
What were the results of the repeated Germanic invasions that led to the fall of the Roman Empire?
loss of a common language, disruption in trade, decline in education, ruralization of population
What was a serf?
What was a fief?
Land that is given/granted
What is a manor?
a noble's estate
What are problems in the Catholic Church?
Priests were marrying, lay investiture, secular(materialistic, worldly), simony(selling of church positions)
What is the Magna Carta?
document guaranteeing basic legal rights
Who are the Knight's 3 masters and code of honor?
lord, Lord and his lady; code of honor is chivalry
What is canon law?
Who was the group responsible for spreading the Plague?
a group of traders broughts infected rats with them on a boat
What were the effects of the Crusades?
cultural diffusion, kings have more power, legacy of tensions between jews, muslims, and christians
What are the events that ended the Middle Ages?
The Great schism, hundred years war, and the bubonic plague
What is the time period of the Renaissance?
What is vernacular?
What does secular mean?
What is the original meaning of Utopia? Who wrote Utopia?
"no place"; Thomas More
Where did the idea for the printing press come from?
Who invented the Printing Press?
What was the first book to go through the printing press?
What are the effects of the printing press?
More literacy, the use of vernacular, books were cheaper and easier to read, more ideas spread
What is humanism?
human potential and acheivement
What is an Indulgence?
A pardon from paying for a sin
Why did Henry VIII break away from the Catholic Church?
He wanted a male heir
What was a Renaissance man?
A man who excelled in everything
Who wrote the Prince, and what did it say?
Machiavelli, and that a ruler should be feared than loved
What does it mean to recant?
to take back a statement
What is predestination? Who practiced it?
that your salvation is determined before you're even born, and the Calvinists
What does it mean to Annul?
to set aside
Who is the most famous playwright?
Non Catholic Christians
Who was considered the ideal Renaissance Man?
Leonardo da Vinci
Who was likely to be a patron of art during the Renaissance?
Wealthy people (merchants, kings, Church officials, nobles)
What was the Peace of Augsburg?
An agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
Who was the head of the Anglican Church?
Who was the founder of the Presbyterians?
those baptized as infants should be re-baptized as adults
What made Henry VIII the head of the Church of England?
Act of Supremacy
What did Martin Luther write?
The 95 Theses
Why was Italy the birthplace of the Renaissance?
thriving cities, a wealthy merchant class, and the classical heritage of Greece and Rome, center of Catholic Church
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