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Educ. 40 FINAL ch. 5
Terms in this set (18)
what is g?
g is general intelligence
-If an individual is intelligent in one thing, he/she must be intelligent in everything else as well.
intelligence as basic information processing
-Also known as a person's on-the-spot reasoning capability, fluid intelligence is the mind's basic information processing system
-peaks during childhood and adolescence. However, it peaks during the late 20s and starts to decline. The decline in Gf is attributed to the age-related degeneration of the right cerebellum
memory/ problem solving (symbols, figures)
intelligence as cultural knowledge
-lifetime's worth of information, amassed through schooling and everyday activities.
-It is the things that you 'know.'
-It also covers the application of such information and developed skills to problem solving
-continues to improve until late adulthood. It is usually maintained throughout the years, until it starts to decline by age 6
language / social intelligence
Gardner's 8 independent intelligences : why it hasn't been a theory widely accepted by the research community.
no empirical data or way to test the theory
intelligent behavior depends on people's physical and social support systems
-can use objects
-can represent and think about situations they encounter in a symbolic manner
-can work with others to explore ideas and solve problems.
ex: When we use calculators in math exams, we are able to solve math problems more accurately than without calculators
-comparison of person's performance with that of others in same age group
-100 indicates average performance
IQ related to achievement
-Children with higher IQ scores
-higher course grades
-higher scores on achievement tests
-complete more years of education
-Relation between IQ scores and achievement is not perfect
-Intelligence does not necessarily cause achievement
IQ culturally defined
-what might be intelligent in one culture is not intelligent in another
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
-free & appropriate education
-fair & nondiscriminatory evaluation
-education in the least restrictive environment
-individualized education program
free & appropriate education
-students are educated at the public's expense
ex: daughter getting a T.A provided by and hired by the school to help her while the school tried to figure out her disability
Fair & non discriminatory evaluation
ex: daughter not being able to copy down symbols fast enough in her test as she has a tremor & that hinders her from measuring her cognitive knowledge rather than how her hand works. this should be addressed in all areas to find out what her disabilities are.
education in the least restrictive environment
-everyone has the right to be taught in the same environment as their peers.
ex: student with autism put into public school in a regular classroom with his peers
Individualized education program
-contract with the school, determined by IEP team (psychologists, teachers, parents, principals, any specialists, etc.) and goes into the special education file
-guides the whole legal language around the process itself
who benefits from special education?
-ALL children benefit from individualized education plans
-Teachers are effective when they plan for students at different levels of performance
-A team approach to education is beneficial to all involved
-Students learn from each other in a setting that mirrors the real world
People first language
do not call someone by their disability
- you may say the student with cognitive delay / child with autism
put into normal classes to make it mainstream causing students to fail
make modifications to include someone who has disabilities in them
ex: they were able to succeed as the modifications were made
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