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90 terms

Mod E ch 1,7,8

Radiology.
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When does the patient drink the barium swallow?
During the x-ray
Describe CT scan
Radiology that rapidly scans single tissue planes in slices of 1 cm thick.
What instructions do you give patients for mammograms?
No deodorant, undress from waist up and give gown, and check for pregnancy.
What instructions do you give patients for a lower GI series?
Patient prep for barium enema by drinking a bottle of specially prepared laxative prior to exam.
How can you look at a virus.
Only seen with elctron microscope
How do CLIA regulations affect the MA?
MA can do moderate and wavier complexity of tests.
How long is a patient inside the tunnel machine during an MRI?
20-60 Minutes
What is a cholecystogram?
X-ray of gallbladder
What happens if a patient failed to preparefor diagnostic examination?
Reschedule
Can ultrasound be used for therapeutic reasons?
Yes physical therapy-break kidney stones.
What patients cannot have MRI's?
Pacemakers, pregnancy, obese, and claustrphobia
MRI scans what part of the body?
Entire body except the bones
List laboratory safety:
a. No pens/pencils in mouth or behind ears
b. No food or drinks in lab
c. fingernails kept short
d. contaminated material must be discarded in appropriate container
Viable
Capable of living
culturing
isolating bacteria
Sputum
substance expelled through coughing or clearing bronchi
Microorganisms
Minute living organisms
Feces
Evacuation of bowels
Pathogens
disease causing microorganisms
HCG
pregnancy hormone
Angiography
visualization of blood vessel
NPO
nothing by mouth
POL
physicians office lab
Describe the perfect environment for the growth of microorganism
dark, moist, body temp, and natural pH
What type of x-rays is used in the treatment of cancer?
Therapeutic
What department would preform a thyroid uptake scan?
Nuclear medicine
An IV pyelogram examines what part of the body?
Kidneys, Ureter, Bladder
What determines which classification the physicians office laboratory (POL) is and under which body it is regulated?
CLIA and complexity of tests preformed
What instructions do you give to a patient before and upper GI
NPO @ midnight
The part of the microscope that supports the eyepiece is called what?
Arm
How do you carry a microscope?
One had ont he base and one hand on the arm.
A patient is instructed to drink 24 to 32 ounces of fluid without urinating before taking what type of test?
Fetal ultrasound
How does a patient prepare for an abdominal ultrasound?
No prep.
What is the patients preperation for an IV Poelogram?
NPO and iodine sensitivity test.
Anteroposterior (AP)
front to back
Posteroanterior
Back to front
Lateral
Side
Oblique
Angled
What is the name of the test to determine which antibiotic will be effective in killing the bacteria?
Sensitivity
What governing body regulates all human testing...
CLIA
What do you call the records obtained by ultrasonic scanning?
Sonogram
What you call a body scan that may be used to determined the function of the thyroid gland?
Thyroid uptake scan
Why should women avoid using power or perfumes on the day of a mammogram?
Can affect image clarity
What are the 4 small lenses on the nose piece called?
objectives
How do you view greater detail under the microscope?
Move to the next highest objective.
List to commonly used contrast mediums.
Barium sulfate and Iodine
The american cancer society makes what recommendation for mammograms.
35-39: get baseline
40-49: every year or every other year
50-above: every year
Angiogram
An xray record of the blood vessels made visible through the use of injected radiopaque contrast medium
Angiography
The process of making an xray record of blood vessels.
Arteriography
The process of making an xray record of the arteries.
Brachytherapy
Radiation therapy in which the radioactive substance is inserted into a body cavity or organ. The source of radiation is located a short distance from the body are being treated.
cholecystogram
An xray record of the gallbladder that is made visible through the use of a radiopaque contrast medium.
Echography
The process of using ultrasound as a diagnostic tool.
fluoroscopy
The process of examining internal structures by viewing the shadows cast on a florescent screen after the xray has passed through the body.
Hysterosalpingogram
An xray record of the uterus and fallopian tubes that is made visible through the use of a radiopaque contrast medium.
intravenouspyelogram
an xray record of the kidney and renal pelvis that is made visible through the use of and injected radiopaque contrast medium.
mammography
the process of obtaining pictures of the breast through the use of xrays.
myelogram
an xray record of the spinal cord that is made visible through the use of a radiopaque contrast medium.
radiation
The process whereby radiant energy is propagated through space or matter
radioactive
Characterized by emitting radiant energy.
radiodermatitis
inflammation of the skin caused by exposure to xrays or radioactive substances.
radiodiagnosis
To determine a diagnosis through the use of xrays.
radiograph
A picture produced on a sensitized film or plate by rays: an xray record
radiographer
One who is skilled in making xray records
radiography
The process of making an xrya record.
Radiologist
one who specializes in radiology
Radiology
The study of xrays, radioactive substances, radioactive isotopes, and ionizing radiation.
radionecrosis
Death of tissue caused by exposure to radiant energy.
radiotherapy
The treatment of disease by the use of xrays, radium, and other radioactive substances.
sonogram
a record produced by ultrasonography
tomography
The process of cutting across and producing images of single tissue planes.
ultrasonography
The process of using ultrasound to produce a record of ultrasonic echoes as they strike tissues of different densities
Venography
The process of making an xray record of veins.
alopecia
Pertaining to hair loss.
Anorexia
A condition in which there is a loss of appetite.
aplastic anemia
A type of anemia in which there is aplasia or destruction of the bone marrow.
Barium sulfate
a radiopaque barium compound used as a contrast medium
Contrast medium
A radiopaque substance used in certain xray procedures to permit visualization of organs or structures
Decontamination
The process of feeling an object, area, or person of some contaminating substance (bacteria, poisonous gas)
enema
The process of introducing a substance or solution into the rectum and colon.
Film Badge
A device that is sensitive to ionizing radiation. it is worn by one who is around xrays to monitor the degree of exposure to the beta and gamma rays.
Half-life
The time required for half of the radioactivity of a substance to be reduced by radioactive decay.
in vitro
Within a glass
lead
A metallic chemical element
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A technique that uses radiowaves and a magnet. Emits FM radiowaves of a certain frequency that are detected in a specific body area contained with an external magnetic field.
radiotherapist
One who specializes in the use of radiant energy for therapeutic purposes.
BR
Barium Enema
CT
computed tomography.
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
US
ultrasound