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20th Century War Semester Study Guide
Terms in this set (83)
What were the five beaches that were stormed on D-Day?
Juno, Gold, Omaha, Sword, Utah
The rape of Nanking was an aggressive act by the _________ between ________
Japan; December 1937 - January 1938
Who shot Archduke Ferdinand and his wife Sophie? In which country did this occur?
Gavrilo Principo; Serbia
Which Country provided a"Blank Check" to Austria-Hungary after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand?
The French Plan XVII rested on the idea of__________ and the offensive spirit, promoting Russian mobilization and the coordinated assistance of the British army
What treaty ended WWI for the Russians?
what types of chemical weapons were used during WWI?
Tearing agents, Asphyxiates, Blistering agents
What does mania stand for?
Militarization, Allies, Nationalism, Impearlism, Assassination
More than 250,000 people led a march in Washington on___________
November 15, 1969
What was the name of the two strategic plans for the invasion of Japan?
Operation Coronet, Operation Olympic
Who was the Secetary of Defence during the signing of the Paris Peace accord?
____________ was the name for the overal allied plan for the invasion of Japan?
Who was President in 1973?
Mt. Suribachi is located on what Pacific island?
What were General MacArthur's plans for island hopping? 3 things
Bomb, invade, build an airstrip
Initially which countries comprised the Allies Powers in 1914?
Britain, Russia, France
How many soldiers died in WWI?
On which date did Germany invade Poland(WWII)?
September 1st 1939
What was the name of the operation conducted by the South Vietnamese using intelligence provided by the CIA?
The Schlieffen Plan required the Germans to maneuver through which European countries?
What is an infidel?
enemy of Islam
In what year did Palestinian gunmen take Israeli hostage in Munic?
What was the name of the highway that coalition forces bombed as Iraqi soliders fled Kuwait
Highway of death
The battle of___________ was a series of offensives mounted by the French as part of____________
Frontiers; Plan XVII
Who won the battle of Marne?
Who was in charge of the forces in Vietnam?
The _________ was when North Vietnamese forces launched a coordinated attack on over 100 different targets
When was the Tet offensive launched?
January 31, 1968
On which day did Germany surrender ending the European theatre of WWII?
May, 7 1945
Who was the Communist leader that fought the french in the first Indo-China war?
Ho Chi Minh
what university was the site of a student protest that resulted in the death of four students?
What was appeasement and how did it impact the begining of WWII?
It was an early attempt to contain Hitler
Hitler and the west signed the____________
When did the US and Britain declare war on Japan?
December 8, 1941
Who were/are the mujahedeen?
a group of Islamic warriors
The __________ began in the 1930's and was a policy that reserved the right of Japan to act unilaterally to preserve "order"in East Asia
What was the name of the war between Japan and China in 1936?
?What were short term causes of WWII?
Great depression, German expansion, appeasement
Who was "II Duce"
The cheif, Benito Mussolini
What is Lebensraum?
German word for living space
What was the name of the non-aggression agreement between the Germans and the Russians (WWII)?
Put the following WWI battles in order: Marne, Somme, Verdun, Passchendaele, Frontiers
Marne, Verdun, Somme, Passchendale, Frontiers
In WWII the Axis powers consisted of which countries?
Germany, Italy, Japan, Romania
When was the battle of Verdun fought(WWI)?
February 21-December 18, 1916
The battle of Somme was an offensive strike for which group?
Who designed the attack plans on Pearl Harbor?
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
What is a coalition?
an alliance for combined action, especially a temporary alliance of political parties forming a government or of states.
Why did Iraq want to draw Isreal into the conflict with the US in 1991?
As________ forces fled Kuwait they lit oil fires on fire.
How did the UN respond to the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq?
What were the reasons why America was concerned with Iraq in 1991?
What does blitzkrieg mean?
What was the name of the German invasion of Russia durring WWII?
Which German commander led troops in both Normandy and North Africa?
Who were the three leaders of the Axis during WWII?
Hitler, Hirohito, Mussilini
What was the largest land battle of WWII?
Why was controlling North Africa so important to the Nazi's?
What country contained the Sudetenland?
Which European country had colonial ties to Vietnam?
What equation signifies the new style of warfare that was initiated during Operation Enduring Freediom?
Special OPS + anti-Taliban afghani forces + Airpower
What act passed shortly after 9/11 allowed the government wide-ranging ability in terms of civilian surveillance?
Why was Iraq angry at Kuwait following Iraq's war with Iran?
Kuwait wanted there money back, Iraq wanted debt negated and more oil
When did the invasion of Normandy begin?
June 6, 1944
In what year did wall street crash?
The economic growth experienced by the Germans between the years 1924-1929, led to this era being called the Golden Age of the___________
The Golden Age of Weimar
__________ Was a Vietnam village where a massacre was orchestrated and conducted by US troops
During WWII, General__________ was the senior military officer in the Pacific
What was the purpose of the incendiary bombs used by the US against the Japanese?
What was the name of the concrete line constructed by the French in order to protect them from the future German invasions?
In 1914 the Central Powers consisted of _______________
Germany, Austria-Hungry, Bulgaria, Ottem Empire
The _____________ was the first battle in history in which the opposing surface fleet never laid eyes on each other
What does Kamikaze translate to?
When did the US occupation of Japan formally end?
What was the Ally's plan at the battle of the Somme?
Massive Artillery barrage followed by wave of infantry
What mounths did the battle of Passchendale take place?
The Iran-Iraq war lasted from________
What is an Emir?
A middle eastern military commander or local cheif
What did the allies want to make Germany do in both WWI and WWII?
What does SS stand for?
As Operation Sickle was is in full swing a large portion of Allied soldiers became corned in____________
What political party was Suddam a member of?
Why did Suddam decide to invade Iran after 1979?
To quell the irianin revolution because he feared it would spread to Iraq
Who was in charge of Iran during the Iran-Iraq war?
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