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General Surgery Test I

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the xiphoid process is located where on the sternum
distal portion
In what Quadrant is the gallbladder located
Right Upper
the Illiac region of the abdomen is also known as
inguinal
where is the linea alba located
medially where the abdominal aponeurosa join
Long, vertical, straplike muscle of the abdomen
retus abdominus
the alimentary canal is also known as the
digestive tract
the inner layer of the digestive tract
mucosa
parasympathetic innervation to the stomach is provided by what nerve
the vagus nerve
3 portions of the small intestine
duedonum,jejuneum,illeum
what is the appendix attached to
cecum
Function of omenta
limit pertioneal infection
what organ is exocrine and endocrine
pancreas
largest organ of abdominal cavity
liver
outer layer of digestive tract
serosa
function of the colon
produces vit k
beta cells from islets of langerhans to make
insulin
single largest mass of lymphatic tissue
spleen
bile is produced by the
liver
function of the liver
produce bile
the bilary tract terminates at
sphincter of oddi
kocher type incision
oblique
position for mcburneys
supine
a diaphragmatic hernia is located
in the diaphragm
nissan fundoplication procedure is for
hiatal hernia
gastrotomy
opening from skin to stomach
gastroscopy
insert through mouth
dysphagia
difficulty swallowing
moloney dialators used for
esophagus
purse string suture used to
tighten or close an opening
what type of incision is used for an appendectomy
mcburney
end illeostomy created from
terminal illeum
chyme
partially digested food
removal of gallbladder
choecystectomy
gallstones
cholelithiasis
what other instrument set is used during a cholecystectomy
CBD exploration
what position would you use to displace abdominal contents
trendelenberg
whipple pancreaticoduedenectomy
head of pancreas, distal 1/3 of stomach, duedonum etc...
following a pancreaticoduedenectomy
pancreaticjejunostomy etc....
modified radical mastectomy
breast and axillary lymph nodes
removal of parathyroid glands leads to
tetany
what do you use to insufflate the abdomen
carbon dioxide
prep for laparotomy
mid chest to mid thighs bilaterally
position for removal of hemmroids
kraske
small intestin food and water is controoled by what
pyloric sphincter
alpha cells of islets of langerhans produces
glucagon
recurrence of anal fissure
25%
hassan technique to
insufflate co2
parietal
outside wall of cavity or organ
stenosis
narrowing of a vessel or structure
necrosis
localized tissue death
ascities
abnormal collection of fluid protein and electrolytes
stasis
stop
peristalsis
wave like motion
lysis
breakdown
chyle
liquid product of digestion
ostomy
form a new opening
docho
common bile duct
otomy
incision into