40 terms

Citizenship - Chapter 3, Lessons 1, 2 & 3

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Native Americans
The first people to live in the Western Hemisphere are known as __________.
Spanish
The first Europeans to settle lands that are now part of the United States were the __________.
Jamestown
The first successful attempt by England to colonize was the settlement at __________.
Immigrants
People who move here to live from other countries are know as __________.
ethnic
Members of an __________ group share a common national, cultural or racial background.
Declaration of Independence
What document states that all people have a right to "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"?
popular sovereignty
Our government is based on the idea of __________. This is the idea that the government receives its power from the people.
Constitution
The US __________ is the document that set up our government.
Citizens
__________ are members of a community who owe loyalty to and are protected by a particular government.
consent of the governed
Our government (mostly) operates with the __________. This means that governments get their power from the people being governed.
14th Amendment
In 1868, the __________ gave citizenship to African American men.
19th Amendment
In 1920, women gained suffrage with the __________.
Suffrage
__________ is the right to vote.
Native Americans
In 1924, all __________ became citizens when Congress passed the Indian Citizenship Act.
natural-born and naturalized
What are the two types of citizens?
natural-born
If you are born in the United States, you are a __________ citizen.
United States
If you are born in the __________, you are a natural-born citizen even if your parents are not.
natural-born citizen
If you are born in France, but both of your parents are US citizens who had previously lived in the US, you are a __________.
Law of soil
__________- being a natural-born citizen because you were born in the United States.
Law of blood
__________ - being a natural-born citizen, even though you were born outside of the US, because one or both of your parents were citizens.
naturalization
The legal process for foreign born people to become citizens is known as __________.
18
How old must an immigrant be to apply for citizenship?
5 years
How long must an immigrant have lived in the US to apply for citizenship if they are not married to a citizen?
3 years
How long must an immigrant have lived in the US to apply for citizenship if they are married to a citizen?
English
In order to become citizens, immigrants must prove they can read, write and speak __________.
moral character
In order to become citizens, immigrants must be of good __________ (no criminal convictions!).
civics
In order to become citizens, immigrants must pass a _________ test!
children
When an immigrant is naturalized (becomes a citizen), all of their __________ under the age of 18 also become naturalized citizens.
lose
Naturalized citizens can __________ their citizenship if they are convicted of certain crimes (treason, etc.)
denaturalized
Naturalized citizens can be _________ if officials find out that they lied on their application for citizenship. In other words, they can lose their citizenship.
Expatriation
__________ is when a person gives up their US citizenship and swears loyalty to another country.
duty
Paying taxes is a __________ of citizenship.
duty
Serving on a jury is a __________ of citizenship.
duty
Defending the nation (males registering for selective service) is a ________ of citizenship.
duty
Obeying laws is a __________ of citizenship.
duty
Attending school is a __________ of citizenship.
responsibility
Being an informed and active citizen is a __________ of citizenship.
responsibility
Respecting others is a __________ of citizenship.
responsibility
Voting is a __________ of citizenship.
responsibility
Participating in the government is a __________ of citizenship.
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