26 terms

WHI.4a-c

STUDY
PLAY
Persia
became the largest empire in the world, originated in Mesopotamia, had Zoroastrianism as its religion
Zoroastrianism
system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BCE, believed in 2 opposing forces in the universe
imperial bureacracy
Persian governmental system, where satraps (governors) were selected to rule over provinces with their own religion & government
royal road
road in the Persian empire that stretched 1,600 miles, from Persia to Anatolia
subcontinent
a large and distinctive landmass that is a distinct part of some continent
Indo-Aryans
group of semi-nomadic peoples who migrated from southern Russia to India
caste system
Hindu social class system based on birth (priests, warriors, peasants, traders & non-Aryans)
indigenous
native
Golden Age of India
height of India's culture during the Gupta Empire, where they made contributions in math, medicine, astronomy, textiles, and literature
Himalayas
a mountain range extending 1500 miles on the border between India and Tibet
Hindu Kush
a mountain range to the Northwest of India, through which many peoples migrated to India
Indus River
a river in modern day Pakistan that was the heart of the valley civilization there
Ganges River
River in Northeastern India, flows into the Bay of Bengal, the most sacred river to the Hindus
Harappa
Indus River Valley city in Pakistan near the Himalayan mountains, site of many archaeological discoveries
Mohenjo-Daro
one of the largest cities in the Indus Valley Civilization, located in Southwest Pakistan, had plumbing
Mauryan Empire
continued political unification of India, had free hospitals, veterinary clinics, and good roads
Asoka
Mauryan Emperor who sent missionaries to spread Buddhism through Asia
Gupta Empire
had the Golden Age of classical Indian Culture,
mathematics
concept of zero
medical advances
setting bones
astronomy
developed concept of a round earth
Hinduism
religion of most of India, had the caste system, believes in many forms of God, reincarnation, karma, the Vedas & the Upanishads
reincarnation
the belief that you will be reborn after you die
karma
the belief that all of your thoughts and actions during your life will affect your status in the next life
Vedas
Hindu stories of the gods
upanishads
further explanation of the original Hindu religious texts
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.