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Characteristics of Life
Obtaining oxygen, removing carbon dioxide, and releasing energy from foods (Some forms of life do not use oxygen in respiration.)
-Most abundant substance in the body
-Required for metabolic processes
-Required for transport
-Regulates body temperature
-Application of force to something.
a) Atmospheric pressure
b) Hydrostatic pressure
A state of balance in which the body's internal environment remains in the normal range.
-Monitor aspects of the internal environment and corrects any changes.
b) Set Point
Group of cells having a common origin become specialized for certain physiological functions.
-Body cavity that includes the head, neck, and trunk.
-Two major cavities:
a) Dorsal Cavity
b) Ventral Cavity
A sheetlike structure largely composed of skeletal muscle and connective tissue that separates thoracic and abdominal cavities; also, a caplike contraceptive device inserted in the vagina.
Located in the mediastinum containing the heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus gland.
Houses viscera like the stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys, and most of the small and large intestines.
Located within the nose and divided into right and left portions by a nasal septum. Sever air-filled sinuses connect to the nasal cavity which include the frontal sinuses and sphenoidal sinuses.
Organs of this system include the skin and various accessory organs, such as the hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands.
Electrochemical signals used by cells within the nerve system in order to communicate with one another.
Organs in this system include the heart, arteries, veins, capillaries, and blood.
Composed of the lymphatic vessels, lymph fluids, lymph nodes, thymus gland, and spleen; sometimes considered part of the cardiovascular system.
Organs of this system receive foods from the outside and break them down. Organs of this system include the mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine, and large intestine.
Organs of this system move air in and out and exchange gases between the blood and the air. Organs in this system consist of the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.
Organs of this system include the scrotum, testes, epididymides, vasa deferentia, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands, penis, urethra, ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, clitoris, and vulva.
Standing erect, face forward, with upper limbs at the sides and the palms forward; left and right refer to the left and right of a body in anatomical position.
The opposite of proximal; a particular body part is farther from a point of attachment than another body part.
1. Epigastric Region
2. Left Hypochondriac Region
3. Right Hypochondriac Region
4. Umbilical Region
5. Left Lumbar Region
6. Right Lumbar Region
7. Hypogastric Region
8. Left Iliac Region
9. Right Iliac Region
Study of the factors determining the distribution and frequency of health-related conditions occurring within a defined human population.
Study of X rays and radioactive substances and their uses in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders.
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