composition for 1 or more solo instruments, one of which is usually a keyboard instrument, usually consisting of of 3 or 4 independent movements varying in key, mood, and tempo
Complex jazz style developed in the 1940's. Also bop. A jazz style which developed in the 1940's characterized by very fast or very slow tempos with improvised lines of eighth notes, irregular accents, and an extended harmony. The patterns often ended with an abrupt two-note figure that sounded like "be-bop".
American form of folk music related to jazz. It is based on a simple, repetitive, poetic-musical structure.
(1917-1920)An early style of jazz originating in the early 20th century in New Orleans with a simple, cheerful character.
(late 19th century) stands for the type of religious popular song that succeeded the SPIRITUAL
is the term that refers to the style of music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan in the late 1960's. The Sound was a mixture of several popular musical styles and can be considered a form of soul music.
An American style of music characterized by "ragged" or syncopated rhythms. It was popular between the 1890's and the 1910's. (Scott Joplin)
An American style of rhythmic chanting consisting of improvised rhymes performed to rhythmic accompaniment.
Rhythm & Blues
An American pop music style popular between the 1940's and 1960's.played by an ensemble, generally with a lead vocalist or instrumentalist, a rhythm section, and an ensemble of voices, wind instruments, or guitar.
American style of jazz music originating in the 1930's. characterized by "big band" instrumentation, a greater emphasis on solo passages, and a 4/4 tempo with an almost even emphasis on each beat of the measure.
What is the name of the numbering scheme used to categorize mozarts wk?
Köchel Verzeichnis or Köchel Catalog
A term used to classify a composition in relation to the composer's other compositions.
Abbreviated as "Op." (work) or "Opp." (works)
An Upbeat or a pickup note(s); a term used for unstressed notes at the beginning of a phrase of music.
A Renaissance and Baroque ornamentation which consists of the restatement of a melody in which the note values are shortened, usually by half.
In early music, this term meant the ratio of 3:2, employed musically in two senses: the ratio of the perfect fifth, whose musical value is 3:2, and the rhythmic relation of three notes in the time of two, i.e., the triplet. In the Baroque era hemiola was used in dance music in the sense that it denoted the articulation of two measures of triple meter as if they were three measures of duple meter.
A Medieval practice of composition in which two voices would move in such a manner that one would be still while the other moved and vice-versa. Sometimes this was achieved by taking a single melody and breaking it into short, one or two note phrases, and dividing the phrases between the two voices so that a quick back-and-forth movement of the melody would be heard
Deliberate upsetting of the meter or pulse of a composition by means of a temporary shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an off-beat.
A style of composition that has many voices, each with its own melody, thus creating a rich texture of sound.
there is a distinct melody with accompanying harmony, but all move in the same rhythmic pattern.
The practice of two or more musicians simultaneously performing slightly different versions of the same melody.
The quality of a sound; that component of a tone that causes different instruments (for example a guitar and a violin) to sound different from each other while they are both playing the same note.
an ornamentation completed by rapid moving between 2 pitches that are sequential within the key of the particular piece
steps of conducting
1. preparation 2. ictus 3. rebound 4.Penultimate beat placing 5. Final beat placing
What is the musical term for the simultaneous performance of variations on the same melody?
What is the name for instruments that produce sound when the skin stretched across a chamber of air is struck?
HORNBOSTEL -SACHS SYSTEM OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS CLASSIFICATION
Idiophones, membranophone, chordophones, aerophone, electrophone
What is the name for the unique and identifiable quality of the sound produced by a certain musical instrument
What is the term for a decorative note which is printed but not considered as part of the rhythm?
The sackbut was an early brass instrument that evolved into this
modern musical instrument.
This ancient woodwind evolved into the modern oboe. The metal band surrounding the bell made it a handy weapon as well.
Two instruments played simultaneously by one person, this combination was often used as accompaniment for juggling or acrobatic acts.
This stringed instrument is featured in many Elizabethan compositions. Often equipped with several courses of strings, its distinctive feature is a half-pear shaped back.
Also known as the "vielle a roue" or wheel-fiddle, this instrument features a wheel cranked by a handle. Early instruments required two players: one to push the keys and one to turn the handle.
This instrument is often called a cornett. It can play as loudly as a trumpet or can approximate the sound of a human voice
This medieval flute-like instrument features a gentle, haunting sound. It is made from the horn of a sheep or ox.
This instrument is normally made of a black wood, is played with a double reed, and sometimes has a 'nasal' sound to it.
This instrument looks like a bed post and is played with a double reed that connects to the instrument using a bocal.
is is one of the few (if not the only) brass instrument which uses a slide, not valves, in order to change the pitch.
This brass instrument needs the player's hand in the bell in order to help control the pitch.
This instrument is commonly made out of a silver-coloured metal and is played by blowing across, not into, the mouthpiece.
This instrument is usually made out of a black wood, and is played using a single reed with a ligature.
This instrument is mainly known for jazz music. It is a woodwind, but made out of metal and it curves up near the bell.
This string instrument is too big to hold under a chin, so it is played with the instrument between the player's legs.
This resonant instrument is unusual in the violin family as it has not always had four strings (it used to have three and now tends to have four or five). It is also often used in jazz bands.
A metal bowl with a membrane stretched across the top is struck with sticks with blobs of 'stuff' on the ends. Keys at the side of the metal bowl can be turned to pinpoint the exact tone required.
Which set of instruments commonly play in a concert Bb pitch?
trumpets, alto clarinets and tenor saxophones all use a concert Bb pitch.
approach encourages improvisation and discourages adult pressures and mechanical drill, fostering student self-discovery
trademark teaching methods include the use of solfege hand signs, musical shorthand notation (stick notation), and rhythm solmization (verbalization).
"rhythmic gymnastics", eurhythmics teaches concepts of rhythm, structure, and musical expression using movement, and is the concept for...
includes love, high-quality examples, praise, rote training and repetition, and a time-table set by the student's developmental readiness for learning a particular technique.
Teaching methods help music teachers establish sequential curricular objectives in accord with their own teaching styles and beliefs
Gordon Music Learning Theory
General music courses that involve listening, composing, and performing for all students
piece most appropriate for introducing the instruments of the orchestra to elementary general music students
peter and the wolf
The K-12 National Standards
1. Content Standard: Singing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music2. Content Standard: Performing on instruments, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music3. Content Standard: Improvising melodies, variations, and accompaniments4. Content Standard: Composing and arranging music within specified guidelines5. Content Standard: Reading and notating music6. Content Standard: Listening to, analyzing, and describing music7. Content Standard: Evaluating music and music performances8. Content Standard: Understanding relationships between music, the other arts, and disciplines outside the arts9. Content Standard: Understanding music in relation to history and culture
(elem. school)Every student receives general music instruction each week for at least _____ minutes, excluding time devoted to elective instrumental or choral instruction. Music is woven into the curriculum throughout the school day.
(elem.)Instruction on string instruments begins not later than grade ___, and instruction on wind and percussion instruments begins not later than grade 5. For the first year of instrumental study, students are taught at least part of the time in homogeneous instrumental groupings.
(elem)For band, orchestra, and chorus, a library of music is provided that includes at least ___ titles for each type of group. At least ____ titles for each type of group are added each year.
40 & 15
(middle/junior high& high school)Every music course meets at least every other day in periods of at least ____
(middle/junior high & highschool)A library of small-ensemble music is provided that contains at least ____ titles for various types of ensembles. At least ____ new titles are added each year.
An annual budget is provided for the replacement of school-owned instruments that is equivalent to at least ____ of the current replacement value of the total inventory of instruments.
An instrument that converts sound waves into an electric current, usually fed into an amplifier, a recorder, or a broadcast transmitter.