46 terms

English 10 Honors Exam Guide (Holden)

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Allegory
narrative (double story), fiction, entertainment, on surface, beneath surface represents underlying ideal(s).
Dramatic Irony
occurs when the audience knows something characters don't.
Situational Irony
irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended.
Verbal Irony
irony in which a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.
Symbolism
a mark or character used as a conventional representation of an object, function, or process.
Paradox
a seemingly absurd or contradictory statement or proposition which when investigated may prove to be well funded or true.
Character
the mental and moral qualities distinctive to an individual.
Characterization
the creation or construction of a fictional character.
Setting
the place and time at which a play, novel or film is represented as happening.
Point of View
a particular attitude doorway of considering a matter.
Theme
the main focus or idea of a text.
Foreshadowing
be a warning or indication of a future event.
Mood
the atmosphere or pervading tone of the text.
Tone
the general character or attitude of a piece of writing.
Conflict
a serious disagreement, typically a protracted one.
Resolution
the methods and processes involved in facilitating the peaceful ending of conflict and retribution.
Central idea of a text
the main theme/idea of the text.
Author's Purpose
the reason an author decides to write about a specific topic. (inform, persuade, entertain, explain)
Types of Conflict
1. Man vs Man
2. Man vs Self
3. Man vs Society
4. Man vs Supernatural
5. Man vs Nature
Author's style
the author's word choice, sentence structure, figurative language, and sentence arrangement.
Making Predictions
a strategy where the readers use information from a text and their own personal experiences to predict what they will read about.
Inference
a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning.
Text Structure and Format
how the information within a written text is organized.
Drawing Conclusions
using information that is implied or inferred to make meaning out of what is not clearly stated.
Comparing Style
comparing and contrasting the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style.
"How Much Land Does a Man Need?"- Leo Tolstoy
A peasant named Pahom, feels that his life would be better if he had more land and he wouldn't fear the Devil. He states that if he had enough land, he wouldn't fear the Devil. The Devil overhears this and decides to test him. After a series of moves, however, it's clear that no matter how much land Pahom has, he will never truly be happy.An opportunity for Pahom to acquire land arrives when a lady decides to sell her land. He buys some, but quickly falls out of favor with his neighbors.In his quest to attain more and more land, Pahom visits the Bakshirs, whose chief agrees to sell him as much land as he can walk around in one day. The "catch": he must return to the exact point he started, or the sale is off. Pahom dies in the attempt.
"The Masque of the Red Death" - Edgar Allan Poe
People are dying of the red death. It causes profuse bleeding, dizziness, and sharp pains. Since this plague is going around Prince Prospero decides to seclude himself and about 1,000 other people that are free from the disease. He throws a ball/rager. Each room is decorated with different colors. (blue, purple, green, orange, white, violet, black). No one goes into the black room. During the party a masked figure entered the party, Prince Prospero became angry because the figure was dressed as the Red Death. The figure kills Prince Prospero and the remainder of his guests at the party.
How much land does a man truly need?
About 6 ft or enough to be buried in.
What is the main theme of "How Much Land Does a Man Need?"
Do not be overtaken with greed because in the end material things cannot make you truly happy.
What is the meaning of the clock in "The Masque of the Red Death"?
The clock represents the limited concept of the time that the guests had before their death.
What does Prince Prospero represent?
Prosperity and how it cannot shield you from the bad trials of life including death.
What do the seven rooms represent?
The sun rises in the east, and sets in the west just as the progression of life begins and ends. (Blue Room = Birth, Black Room = Death)
What does the stranger's appearance represent?
The Red Death (Death)
What is Gothic Literature?
Supernatural, fear, mystery, death, darkness. A symbol in this literature usually represents an abstract but also tangible meaning.
What is the main theme of "The Masque of the Red Death?"
Although the guests in the house are wearing masks regardless of their identity and their class they cannot escape the progression of time and their inevitable deaths.
"The Monkey's Paw" - W.W Jacobs
The sergeant comes to the White's house with the monkey's paw. The paw is said to be able to grant three wishes. The sergeant "tries" to burn the paw, but Mr. White takes it and although he was urged to make sensible decisions with the paw he quickly falls victim to greed. The first wish he makes with the paw is to get 200 pounds, although he said that he was content with what he already had. Mr. and Mrs. White's son worked at Maw and Meggin's, but they got a knock on the door and were told that their son was in an machine accident and their compensation was 200 pounds. The second wish was Mrs.White's idea, and she wanted her son to be alive again. The climax of the story was the time in which the third wish was made when there was knocking at the door perceived to be the Whites' son. Mr.White in his terror urgently wished for whatever was at the door to go away.
"A Problem" - Anton Chekhov
Author: Anton Chekhov
Setting: Russia
Point of View - Third person
Characters: Sasha Uskov, Ivan Markovitch, Colonel, & the Treasurer
Sasha has to deal with a decision made by the family because he created a false note that he wrote to the bank using his family's name and got caught. Throughout the story there is not much of a shift in Sasha's personality and ultimately he returns to the character that he was in the beginning of the story.
What is the theme of "A Problem"?
The theme is leniency vs punishment and consequences for actions.
"Making History With Vitamin C" - Perry Lecouteur and Hay Burreson
The majority of sailors were getting scurvy and scientists were starting to test possible cures. The climax of the text is set in the 18th century, at the time, an average sailor's diets consisted of salty meats, and biscuits which were dry. The biscuits were usually bug-infested and hard to digest let alone chew. Their dietary routine was a main cause of their scurvy along with their lack of Vitamin C. Captain Cook came and helped sanitize ships and incorporate new and healthier dietary habits that included Vitamin C and helped cure scurvy and keep the sailors scurvy free.
"There Will Come Soft Rains" - Ray Bradbury
Setting: August 6, 2026
There is a voice clock in the living room, which tells the time for each household activity along with the date. In the beginning it lists off the events of that day..."Tilita's marriage, insurance is payable, water, gas, and light bills are due." No one is home because a nuclear bomb has wiped out humanity yet the house still remains and continues on although there is no one there to benefit from it. A silhouette is on the outside of the house, a mother planting flowers, a father moving the grass, and two children throwing a ball, can still be seen. A lonely dog approaches the house whimpering and sad, the dog comes in the house and dies, and the cleaning mice immediately clean it up. A tree branch is blown by the wind through the window of the house which knocks over cleaning product and catches the house on fire.
"Swimming to Antartica" - Lynne Cox
In 2002, Lynne Cox attempts what is perceived to be an impossible task. She was to swim a mile in the frigid waters of Antartica. She sailed on a ship (Orlova) which had her team of seven friends onboard. Including the physician, Susan Sklar. She also had her friends aboard with her to scout for danger while she swam and to be there in case of an emergency. Cox tested her endurance on a shorter swim prior to this epic swim. Cox ends her story with her swim to Antarctica, where she finishes the first Antarctic mile in 32-degree water in 25 minutes. Even though readers know she survived to tell the world her story.
"Marian Anderson" - Langston Hughes
Author's Purpose: to inform the reader of Marian Anderson's life.
Marian Anderson's career started when she was a child singing in church. She competed in a singing competition later in her career and won first place. A great majority of her performing happened in overseas singing tours which later lead to her American singing career, in which her proceeds went to the scholarship she funded.
"Tepayac" - Sandra Cisneros
Plot: the main theme is the change that time can bring.
Setting: the corner of Misterios during Cino de Mayo. The authror uses imagery to describe her everyday life at the marketplace as a child. Memory shifts from the past to be the one to remember it the way it used to be.
"One Thousand Dollars" - O'Henry
Mr. Gillian passes away and his will states that his nephew Young Gillian is to take the money. ($1,000). Gillian finds a thousand dollars to be an odd amount of money to acquire. He has no idea what to do with the money or what to do with it. Gillian continues to ask for other people's opinions of what to do with the money until he ultimately gives all the money to Miss Hayden, because he is struggling with his unrequited love for her.
"By the Waters of Babylon" - Stephen Vincent Benet
A young man becomes a priest in the community of the hill people, because his father is a priest. After convincing himself, that he get more knowledge on the things that his people are normally restricted from knowing he travels to the forbidden Dead Lands, where he discovers the ruins of New York City.
The Hill People follow strict and strange traditions, including forbidding non-priest people from touching metal that hasn't been purified by a priest. Having been initiated into the priesthood, the young hill person convinced himself that he must break the restriction against traveling through the Dead Lands to give his people the knowledge that they have been restricted from all this time. After discovering the ruins of New York City, the young man finds different foods, strong drinks, and technology he wants his people to know about.
Don't forget to review Fahrenheit 451, I Am the Cheese, and Of Men and Men!!!!!
Good Luck :)