jova history semester exam
Terms in this set (50)
The study of human culture and how it develops over time is called
The first historical era, more than 5,500 years ago, is called _______________________ and refers to a time before people developed writing.
A group of 100 years is known as a(n)
The study of historical interpretations is called
Cave paintings from prehistoric eras would be considered
An example of a secondary source would be
A biography of a famous person
What type of map would show the names and borders of countries?
When geographers look at how volcanoes and glaciers have shaped the face of the Earth, which of the Six Essential Elements of Geography are they studying?
How can geographers pinpoint absolute location?
By finding the intersection of latitude and longitude
In a free market, how does supply and demand balance each other over time?
The buyer and seller agree on a price and amount that satisfies both
Cuba has which type of economy?
Why is technology an important resource?
Technology can make it easier and cheaper to create goods
What do historians call the general early period of human history?
One of the most important technologies used by the Paleolithic people was
What advancement during the Paleolithic Age made communication between people easier?
The development of spoken language
What Age developed as a result of smelting copper and tin?
Scientists estimate the Neolithic Age began around
What resulted when farming replaced hunting and gathering?
People stayed in one place and grew grains and vegetables
The few Sumerians who learned how to write often held high positions in society as what
Where did the first civilizations arise because of farming conditions?
A Sumerian temple to honor their chief god was called a
In 612 B.C. the Chaldeans defeated whom?
Babylon became rich from trade because it was located on a major trade route between the Mediterranean Sea and the
What did the Hittites teach the Assyrians that helped make their army stronger
How to use stronger metals such as iron for weaponry
How did the Egyptians take advantage of the Nile's yearly spring flooding?
They irrigated during the dry season
What is a reason the Nile has been called the "lifeblood" of Egypt
Its valley and delta provide fertile soil for farming
What best describes the type of government in Egypt after 3100 B.C.?
The Egyptians willingly served their all
powerful leader because they believed -Unity came from a strong leader
To learn how to obtain life after-death, the Egyptians studied the
Book of the Dead
The ancient Egyptian civilization was the first to publish books describing advances in the field of
Which Egyptian ruler built many new temples during the New Kingdom?
What was the main reason the Middle Kingdom ended?
The Hyksos, warriors from western Asia, conquered Egypt
This ruler avoided military conquests and expanded Egypt's economy
As a result of being conquered by Egypt, Nubians ______
Accepted many Egyptian beliefs and customs
Why was Napata a favorable location for trade?
Trade caravans crossed the upper Nile there
The Nubian people came from the African savannas of the
According to the Hebrew Bible, who led the Israelites in a series of battles to conquer Canaan?
According to the Hebrew Bible, Jacob's 12 sons became
Leaders of Israelite tribes
The Hebrew Bible says the tabernacle housed a sacred object called the
Ark of the Covenant
The Hebrew Bible says this warrior became the first king of the Israelites.
In 722 B.C. this people caused the fall of Israel and scattered the 10 tribes.
According to the Hebrew Bible, this king of Israel was a brave warrior, successful leader, and talented poet.
The Hebrew Bible says King Solomon taxed his people heavily to
Build great buildings
Which Jewish holiday is celebrated with a Seder?
The first five books of the Torah were written on
During their long exile, Judeans became known as
Which group of Jews gained the support of the common people by teaching Jewish families to practice the Torah's teachings with greater devotion?
The spread of Jews and their customs and culture beyond the Jewish homeland and across the Mediterranean region is known as
Who was a Jewish priest who led the guerrilla fight against Seleucid rule?
Which empire renamed Judaea Palestine as a kind of punishment after crushing a Jewish revolt?