MRTS 1320 Final Review
Terms in this set (90)
What are responsibilities of the Director of Photography?
Transforming the other aspects of the movie-making into moving images.
What is the Camera Team in charge of?
Concerned with the camera,
What is the Lighting Team in charge of?
Concerned with electricity and lighting
What is film stock?
Celluloid used to record movies. There are two types: one for B&W and one for color.
What is gauge?
Also called format. The dimensions of a film stock and it's perforations, and the size and shape of the image frame as seen on the screen. Formats extend from Super 8mm through 70mm and beyond, into such specialized formats as IMAX, but they are generally limited to three standard gauges: Super 8mm, 16mm, and 35mm.
What is speed?
Also called film speed. The rate at which film must move through the camera to correctly capture an image. Very fast film requires little light to capture and fix the image, whereas very slow film requires a lot of light.
What is the difference between low and high key?
Low key: Lighting that creates strong contrasts; sharp dark shadows, and overall gloomy atmosphere. It contrasts between light and dark often imply ethical judgements.
High key: Lighting that produced an image with very littel contrast between darks and lights. Its even, flat illumination expresses virtually no opinion about the subject being photographed
What is color temperature?
The color of the image. The warmer, the more yellow/red it is. The cooler, the more blue/purple it is.
What is the three-point lighting?
Key (main light), fill, and back
What are the aspects of lighting?
quality, direction, source, and color
What are the different types of lens?
- Wide Angle
What is the difference between telephoto and zoom?
telephoto = long focal length
zoom = changeable focal length
What is aperture?
Also called gate. The camera opening that defines the area of each frame exposed
What is tonality?
the range of tones/contrast
What is focal length?
The distance from the optical center of a lens to the focal point - the film plane that the camera person wants to keep in focus - when the lens is focused at infinity.
What is depth of field?
The distance in font of a camera and its lens, in which objects are in apparent sharp focus.
What is aspect ratio?
The relationship between the frame's two dimensions: the width of the image related to it's height.
What is the rule of thirds?
A principle of composition that enables filmmakers to maximize the potential of the image, balance its elements, and create the illusion of depth. A grid pattern, when superimposed on the image, divides the image into horizontal thirds representing the foreground, middle ground, and background planes, and into vertical thirds that break up those planes into additional planes
What are the different types of shots?
Long: Full body
Medium: Waist up
Medium Close Up: Breasts up
Close Up: neck up
Extreme Close Up: close to the features (nose, eyes, mouth, hands, etc)
What are the different types of movements?
What is "persona"?
The aspect of someone's character that is presented to or perceived by others.
What are the Four Types of Actors?
- Actors who take their personae from role to role (personality actors)
- Actors who deliberately play against our expectations of their personae
- Actors who seem to be different in every role (chameleon actors)
- Actors who are often nonprofessionals or people who are cast to bring verisimilitude to a part
Who is Lillian Gish?
She invented the art of screen acting.
What is method acting?
A naturalistic acting style, loosely adapted from the ideas of Russian director Konstantin Stanislavsky by American directors Elia Kazan and Lee Strasberg, that encourages actors to speak, move, and gesture not in a traditional stage manner, but in the same way they would in their own lives, An ideal technique for representing convincing human behavior, method acting is used more frequently on the stage than on the screen
What is improvisational acting?
Actors' extemporization- that is, delivering lines based loosely on the written script or without the preparation that comes with studying a script before rehearsing it. Or "playing through" a moment- that is, making up lines to keep scenes going when actors forget their written lines , stumble on lines, or have some other mishap.
What is ensemble acting?
An approach to acting that emphasizes the interaction of actors, not the individual actor. In ensemble acting, a group of actors work together continuously in a single shot. Typically experienced in the theater, ensemble acing is used less in the movies because it requires rehearsal time that is usually denied to screen actors.
What is the difference between naturalistic and non-naturalistic acting styles?
Naturalistic: Can replicate the real life.
Non-naturalistic: non-realistic acting
Who is Bertolt Brecht and what is "the alienation effect"?
"make the familiar strange" in order to provoke a social-critical audience response. Bertolt Brecht, German leftist playwright and director, had nothing but disdain for the conventional, commercial "bourgeois" theater of his time.
What is casting?
Finding actors to fill in roles.
What is screen test?
A filming undertaken by an actor to audition for a particular role.
What is typecasting?
The casting of actors because of their looks or "type" rather than for their acting talent or experience
What are the different acting roles?
- Character actors
- Bit Player (holds small speaking part)
- Cameo (small part played by a famous actor)
What are the different factors in analyzing an actors performance?
- Inherent thoughtfulness or emotionality
- Expressiveness coherence
- Wholeness and unity
What are the responsibilities of the editor?
responsible for assembling recorded raw material into a finished product that's suitable for broadcasting. The material may include camera footage, dialogue, sound effects, graphics and special effects.
What is spatial relations?
The space that the film shows. Multiple shots can make the space seem bigger.
What is temporal relations?
Change in the narrative that enhances the story (flashbacks)
What is rhythm?
The duration of the shot differs. The longer the shot, the longer the scene. The quicker the shots, the rhythm speeds up
What is content curve?
When we absorb all we need to know in a particular shot and are ready to see the next shot.
What is the difference between crosscutting and intercutting?
Crosscutting: (Parallel) the cutting of two or more lines of actions that occur simultaneously at different locations.
Intercutting: editing of two or more actions that take place at different locations and/or different times but five the impression of one scene
What is master scene technique (master shot)?
Starting out with a long shot that covers the characters and actions in one continuous take.
What is continuity?
Achieve logic, smoothness, sequential flow, and the temporal and spatial orientation of viewers to what they see on the screen
What is the 180 degree rule?
The axis of acting, the imaginary line, and the line of action. Cameras are to stay on one side of the line.
What is cut on motion?
Cutting to the next shot in the middle of an action.
What is match cut?
shot A and shot B are matched in action, subject, graphic content, or two characters' eye contact
What is shot/reverse shot?
most common and familiar all all editing patters, a technique in which the shots are cutting back to each other. Usually in conversations.
What is Sound Bridge?
What is discontinuity?
Breaks the rules of continuity editing by seeking to achieve transitions between shots that are not smooth, continuous , or coherent.
What is a freeze frame?
When the image on the screen is a still. Not moving.
What is a jump cut?
What are the different transitions?
- Split screen
What are the different kinds of sound in a movie?
What is the difference between diegetic and non diegetic?
diegetic: In the world of the film
non diegetic: outside of the world, usually edited in
What is the difference between on screen and off screen?
on-screen: coming from a source we can see on the screen
off-screen: can be diegetic or non, derives from a source we do not see
What is the first movie with sound synchronized sound?
"The Jazz Singers" (1927)
What are the phases of sound production?
design -> recording -> editing -> mixing
What is sound design?
The art of creating the sound for a film
What is sound recording?
The process of recording sound for movies.
What is sound mixing?
Putting together different sounds. Music underneath dialogue or ambient sound under dialogue.
Who is the foley artist?
create sounds that go with the movie, usually sound effects
Who is the boom operator?
Person who holds up boom mic to pic up audio for scenes.
What are the different elements of sound?
- Fidelity (if the sound matches what is seen)
What are the different steps of making movies?
production -> distribution -> exhibition
What is "the negative cost"?
What are "dailies"?
synchronized picture/sound work prints of a day's shooting.
What are movie ratings?
What is the difference between platforming and wide release?
What is the difference between the roles of the producer and director?
Who are the assistant directors?
Who is the unit production manager?
What is the cinematic approach of George Melies?
What is the cinematic approach of the Lumiere brothers?
What important role did Thomas Edison have in film history?
What is the kinetograph?
What is the Edison Trust?
What is the Studio Stystem?
What is the Production Code?
Explain Italian Neorealism.
What are the Paramount Consent Degrees?
What is the French New Wave?
Who is Jan Luc Godard?
What is the New American Cinema?
What is the Nostalgic Hollywood Blockbuster?
What is the importance of "Citizen Kane" (1941)?
- Innovation in cinematic language
What is the importance of "Lost in Yonkers" (1993)?
What is the importance of "Breathless" (1961)?
What is the importance of "Bringing up Baby" (1938)?
- Screwball Comedy: Rapid dialogue to show off sound
What is the importance of "Lost in La Mancha" (2002)?
What is the importance of "The Birth of a Nation" (1915)?
- First American Feature Film
- Innovation with Editing and Cinematography
What is the importance of "The General" (1926)?
- The silent film era
- slapstick comedy
What is the importance of "Do the Right Thing" (1989)?
- Film and Society