346 terms

Vet Science CDE (FFA)

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The function of the cecum is to :
Aide in the digestion of fibrous materials
When treating or assisting a doctor with and animal's abscess wound,it is important to:
1).Wear disposable gloves
2).Disinfect the treatment counter 3).Wash and disinfect all instruments needed.
If you are bitten, scratched or cut when working around animals, you should:
Wash thoroughly with water and a disinfecting soap, then notify your supervisor.
Rabies is transmitted through:
Saliva from the affected animal.
Lyme disease is cause by a:
Bacteria.
One o the fastest means of getting drugs into the bloodstream is:
Intravenously.
Nebulized is defined as:
Turned into a fine mist.
The Snap Canine Heart-worm Test tests the blood for:
Antigen produced by female heart-worms.
When in the heart, heart-worms congregate in the:
Right ventricle.
The amount of fecal matter needed for a canine or feline fecal analysis is approximately:
The size of a grape.
Which internal parasite is the most common in puppies and kittens?
Roundworm.
The roundworm is often described as looking like:
Spaghetti.
Whip-worm eggs look like a/an ________ under a microscope.
Oval.
What type of mite can cause Zoonotic disease?
Sarcoptic.
What is the vector for heart-worms?
Mosquito.
Which of the following disinfectants is toxic to cats?
Phenols
What is the common percentage of Brahman and British breeds in American cattle?
3/8 , 5/8 cross
Which of the following breeds of dairy cattle produce the most milk?
Holstein.
The breed of swine that is characterized by being solid black with a white belt at the shoulder and small erect ears is:
Hampshire.
The _______ is white in color and has large drooping ears that cover most of its face.
American Landrace
Which breed of swine is characterized by being black in color with four white feet and/or legs, short wrinkled snout, and medium erect ears?
Berkshire
The________ is characterized by a red with white face (not less than 2/3 red, exclusive of face or ears), with at least 2 white feet. long face/snout, and small to medium erect ears.
Hereford.
An eight month old Chihuahua was stung by a wasp and had a fluctuation inits heart rate. What term describes its fluctuating heart rate?
Arrhythmia.
Annie is helping to examine a patient. She is instructed to take temperature, pulse and respiration, which is a crucial part of the exam. Which of the following does not affect TPR?
Breed.
Which of the following answers best completes this statement? Temperature, pulse and respiration rate tend to______ as size of the animal _______
Increases, decreases
Sue is taking the temperature of Max, a medium sized dog. What should she expect the temperature and pulse to be?
102 F and 70-120 beats/min.
A vet diagnosed Bill's lamb with dyspnea. What does this mean?
The lamb has difficulty breathing.
Jane is taking a dog's pulse. What is the name of the artery she will do this?
Femoral artery.
During and exam, Julie must take vital signs from an animal. Which of the following steps is the most correct procedure for her to take the rectal temperature?
Shake down thermometer, lubricate with petroleum jelly, gently insert and hold for 3 minutes, remove and rotate to read.
the average pule (beats/min) and respiration (breaths/min) for a horse is:
30-60 , 12-20
A stethoscope is a common piece of equipment used for clinical exams. The stethoscope is used to listen to the heart, lungs and______.
gastrointestinal sounds.
The veterinarian is describing to Spike's owner how he'll be neutered. Neuter is defined as:
The common term for removal of male reproductive organs.
The veterinarian is explaining to Sally's owner how she will be spayed. Stay is defined as:
The common term for removal of a female reproductive system.
If an animal is suffering from anaphylactic shock. Anaphylactic shock is:
An exaggerated allergic response.
An animal is being given a vaccine. Vaccine is defined as:
A suspension of killed or modified microorganisms that stimulate an immune response wen introduced into the body.
An animal is vaccinated for rabies. Rabies is caused by:
A rhabdovirus
Lauren is bandaging Bruce, a four year old horse. Leg bandages on horses are started on the _______ part of the leg and wrapped toward the back.
Proximal
The belly-band should_____ slightly as it is wrapped.
Overlap.
Immunity is defined as:
Having resistance to a disease due to the formation of antibodies.
A kitten is suffering from FCV. Feline Calicivirus is caused by:
RHA virus
Feline viral rhinotracheitis symptoms include:
Sneezing, discharge from nose and eyes.
Leptospirosis is cause by:
Leptospira bacteria
Symptoms of distemper include:
Fever,vomiting, diarrhea, nasal secretions, and seizures.
Frank, a 60lb bulldog, needs to get 60 mg of Prednisone once every other day for 10 days. How many total milligrams of Prednisone does Frank need for 10 days?
300 mg
Linda is going to perform a laboratory test. Where is it possible that she will be doing this?
Veterinary hospitals, research facilities, zoos
In preparation for her CVA test, Mary is studying systems of the body. Which of these is not included in the circulatory system?
Lymphatics
If an animal has problems in its right side of the heart, what other problem will likely occur?
Ascites
Luke, a border collie, has a problem in the left side of the heart. What other problem will likely occur?
Lung congestion
Mary is also studying the physiology of the body systems. Which of these is NOT a function of the circulatory system?
Transportation of nutrients, blood cells, gases, etc.
Which of these is the correct order of blood flow through the heart ?
Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Pulmonary Arteries, Lungs, Pulmonary Veins, Left Atrium, Left Ventricle, Aorta.
What are the percentages of cells and plasma in blood?
40% and 60%, respectively.
Which of these is not part of the process of filtration of the blood through the urinary system?
Vena Cava
While Linda was running a laboratory test, she evaluated total plasma protein, and noticed an elevated total plasma protein. This is a sign of:
Inflammation
Infection
Dehydration
In most species, what are the kidneys shaped like?
Beans
Sammy is trying to run a urinalysis. He first has to obtain urine from the dog. How can he obtain urine from an animal?
Free catch
Cystocentesis
Catheterization
Sammy is trying to determine the specific gravity in the urine. What tools can be used to accomplish this?
Refractometer
Urinometer
Reagent Stripes
Sammy found a decreased specific gravity in the urine. This could indicate ass of the following except:
Shock
If Sammy had noticed an increased specific gravity, it could indicate all of the following except:
Chronic renal disease.
Which of these is a chemical that Sammy would not have evaluated in urine?
Saline
Which of theses cells would Sammy not expect to see
...
Rigo's hookworm infection could have been caused by which of the following?
Direct- ingested larvae from the environment or contracted larvae through the skin
Indirect- the rabbit could have been infected
If the rabbit was infected with hookworms what would be the term for this type of host?
Paratenic
Which of these is the scientific name for hookworm?
Ancylostoma caninum
James accidentally spilled bleach. In order to know the correct clean up procedure to take, he must check the MSDS. The acronym for MSDS stands for:
Material Safety Data Sheet.
A member of OSHA is doing a walk through of a veterinary clinic. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration is housed in:
The Department of Labor.
Adam has just assisted in restraining a Lhasa Apso for an intramuscular injection. The RVT that gave the injection must now dispose of the needle and syringe. Where must all needles and syringes be disposed of?
A sharps container.
When dealing with radioactive equipment, you should always wear:
Lead gloves
Lead apron
A dosimeter
If working in a veterinary clinic, you understand that the guidelines set forth by the Occupational Safety and Health administration are based on the principle of:
The Right To Know
Which of the following is not a hazard that you would face daily while working in a veterinary clinic?
Psychological hazards
Which of these is not a disease-causing agent for zoonotic diseases?
Biologics
Ben may have bee exposed to a bacterial zoonotic disease. Which of the following is not a zoonotic disease caused by bacteria?
Toxoplasmosis
Which drug schedule has no current accepted medical use?
Schedule 1
Cole has been asked o clean the front waiting area of the clinic. With regard to the types of sanitation, which of these best describes "cleaning"?
Physically removing all visible signs of dirt and organic matter such as feces, hair, etc.
When sanitizing, filtration is best described as:
Removing particles from the air using a physical barrier.
Dana has been asked to dispense a schedule as a pain killer for n animal that has had a hip replacement. According to the Controlled Substance Act, she must:
1). Understand the schedules that drugs are placed in and why.
2). Have an authorized person unlock the locked cabinet where the drugs are stored.
3). Ensure that the name and amount of drug used is recorded in the daily log.
All of the above.
Sugar, a small dog, has come into a veterinary clinic with sarcoptic mange. To prevent the spread of this and other zoonotic diseases, you need to:
1). Dispose of waste in a proper manner
2). Isolate infected animals
3). Wash hands often
Evan is creating a poster over biohazards for his Veterinary Technology class. Which of these is not an example of a biohazard and therefore should not be included in his poster?
None of these.
Fran is doing research on pathogens. A pathogen is/are:
A microorganism that produces disease.
A veterinarian has diagnosed an animal with typhus, which is a zoonotic disease. Zoonotic means:
Disease that can be transmitted between animals and humans.
Proper personal protective equipment (PPE) sometimes includes a dosimeter. This is:
A device the measures the amount of radiation someone is exposed to when performing radiology.
Aseptis technique is/are:
Precautions taken to prevent contamination of a surgical wound.
While cleaning an exam room, Abby uses a disinfectant. This is:
A washcloth and hot water.
An animal has a superficial wound. Superficial means:
Near the surface, also called external.
Most surgical instruments are manufactured from _________.
Stainless steel.
The operating room should be cleaned_______.
Daily
Which of the following would be considered a brachycephalic breed?
Shih Tzu
When a patient is having a ventral mid-line ovariohysterectomy performed, the patient is placed in_______ recumbency.
Dorsal.
After autoclaving a surgical pack, you notice that the autoclave tape looks the same as it did when you placed it in the autoclave. What should you do now?
Place the pack to the side and do not allow it to be used because the sterility of the pack is questionable.
A person who cares for equine feet including trimming and shoeing is called a/an:
Farrier
The amount of food provided to livestock in 24-hour period is its:
Ration.
Examination by tapping the surface to determine density of a body area is called:
Percussion
The percentage of RBCs in blood is called a:
1). Hematocrit
2). PCV
3). Crit
A machine that spins samples very rapidly to separate elements based on weight is a:
Centrifuge
A set of signs that occur together is called a/an:
Syndrome
The study of disease causes is called:
Etiology
You are doing maintenance on the anesthesia machine. You happen to notice that the granules in the canister are starting to turn purple. What does this usually indicate?
The granule have lost the ability to absorb carbon dioxide.
A normal capillary refill time (CRT) is:
1-2 seconds
Six 12 ounce puppies need de-worming medication. If the does is 1ml/lb, how many total ml do you need in order to de-worm all if the puppies?
4.5 mls
The veterinarian requests 600 cc of a solution. The instrument used to measure only has marks for mls. You know the correct equivalent of 600 cc in mls because:
cc and mls are equivalent.
Six blood pressure readings are 115, 120, 123, 121, 121, and 112 mm Hg. what is the average value?
119
1/4 of a L is equivalent to:
250 ml
What are the two factors that determine or influence an animal's disposition?
Genetic make-up and environmental situation.
If you had a horse that had a temperature of 102.4 F, would you be concerned ?
Yes, it is above normal.
Your chicken has a heart rate of 275 beats per minute. Is this something to be worried about?
no, that is normal.
Which of the following hormones is the primary hormone produced by the testes?
Testosterone
Which of the following is not a primary action of testosterone?
None of these.
What are the anatomical differences between the oviducts of most mammals and the oviducts of poultry?
Poultry have one oviduct.
What is the main difference between the testes of mammals and the testes of poultry?
The testes of poultry do not descend out of the abdominal cavity.
What is the purpose of the infundibulum?
To transport the egg from the ovary to the oviduct.
Which of the following hormones are the primary hormones produces by the ovaries?
Estrogen and progesterone.
What are the primary functions of the hormones that the ovaries produce
Sexual behavior and maintenance.
Which of the following is not a function of the cervix?
Serves as a barrier for pathogens and prevents foreign material from entering the uterus.
Which of the following is not a function of the uterus?
Is the receptacle for the penis during copulation.
Which of the following is not a function of the epididymis?
Site of decomposition for sperm.
What is a cryptorchid?
condition in which one or both remain in the body cavity.
What is freemartin ?
Sterile female calf born twin to a male calf.
What does "Bang's" disease cause?
Abortions typically in the second half of pregnancy.
What does IBR stand for?
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis.
What is IBR?
Viral disease of the respiratory tract that can cause abortion.
What is oogenesis?
Process by which ova are produced by the female.
What is spermatogenesis?
Process by which sperm are produced by the male.
The term that means of. or relating to dogs:
Canine
The term that means of, or relating to cats:
Feline
The term that means of, or relating to cattle:
Bovine
The term that means of, or relating to horses:
Equine
The term that means of, or relating to swine:
Porcine
The term that means of, or relating to sheep:
Ovine
The term that means of, or relating to poultry:
Galline
A sexually mature male of the bovine species is called a:
Bull
A female that has produced a calf is called a:
Cow
A female that has not produced a calf is called a:
Heifer
a sexually mature male of the equine species is called a
stud
a female of the equine species that is four years of age or older is called a
Mare
an immature male of the equine species is called a
colt
the act of giving birth in horses is called
foaling
a mature female of the porcine species that has produced young is called a
sow
an immature female of the porcine species is called a
gilt
a mature female of the galline species is called a
hen
a newborn chicken is called a
chick
a sexually mature male of the ovine species is called a
ram
a sexually mature female of the ovine species is called a
ewe
cat litter pans and gardening are the most common sources for which protozoan
toxoplasma
formalin is most commonly used for
tissue biopsy
for safety, two people are required to lift anything weighing more than
40
which of the following is a zoonotic disease
ringworm and catscratch fever
the five types of white blood cells are
eosinophil, basophil, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte
what parasite transmits lyme disease
tick
to remove a tick you should
use tweezers to grasp the head and pull straight out
one disease that is transmitted by the tick is
rocky mountain spotted fever
the clinical signs of heartworm are
irregular heart beat, anemia, exercise intolerance
a veterinarian in a critical care unit determines that one calf was given the following intravenous (IV) solutions in a 24 hour period: 745 milliliters (mL)of 0.9% normal saline, 420 mL of lactated ringers, 1,250 mL of 5% dextrose, and 15 mL of an antibiotic solution. How many total milliliters of IV solution did the patient receive?
2430 mL
A veterinary technician notes that a dog's leukocyte (white blood cell) count before surgery was 18,645. Two days after the surgery, the patient had a
leukocyte count of 8,968. What is the difference in the leukocyte counts?
9677
A veterinary technician is calculating the bill for hospital care for a kidney transplant cat. The bill for medical services and care was $2,685. The owners paid $1,389 when they picked up the cat. A few weeks later they paid another $497. How much do they still owe?
$799
A cow weighed 1,743 pounds prior to calving. The calf weighed 97 pounds and the placenta and amniotic fluid weighed 189 pounds. How much did the cow weigh after calving?
1457 pounds
A steer weighed 1,145 pounds before harvest. One half of the carcass with fore quarters weighed 393 pounds and one half of the carcass with rear quarters weighed 341 pounds. How much of the steer could not be consumed?
411 pounds
A technician is using a microscope to examine a specimen. If the eyepiece on the microscope has a power of 15x (x means times; a power of 15x magnifies an object 15 times) and the objective has a power of 100x, what is the total number of times she is magnifying the specimen? Hint: to find total magnification on a microscope, multiply the power of the eyepiece times the power of the objective.
1,500x
An animal shelter worker is preparing formula for orphaned puppies. There are 9 puppies and each needs 2 ounces of formula. How many ounces of formula must be prepared?
18 oz
The lab receives a prescription order from the veterinarian. He wants the patient to take 40 milligrams (mg) of amoxicillin four times a day for 25 days. The lab has 20 mg amoxicillin tablets. How many tablets should the vet tech give to the client for the
25-day period?
200 tablets
The lab receives a prescription order from the veterinarian. He wants the patient to take 40 milligrams (mg) of amoxicillin four times a day for 25 days. The lab has 20 mg amoxicillin tablets. How many tablets should the vet tech give to the client for the
25-day period?
8 slides
A zookeeper gives a pot-bellied pig 1200 milligrams (mg) of Streptomycin in a 24-hour period. How many mg does he give the pig per dose if he gives the medication every 6 hours (q6h)?
300 mg
A veterinarian takes blood samples from cows for brucellosis testing. One morning he fills 16 vacutainers (vacuum tubes) with 10 cubic centimeters (cc) of blood, 31 with 9.5 cc of blood, 28 with 7 cc of blood, and 15 with 8.5 cc of blood. How many cc of blood did he obtain from all the cows?
780 cc
A veterinary technician is counting leukocytes (white blood cells). She counts four areas on the hemocytometer counting chamber, adds the four numbers together and then multiplies by 50 to obtain the correct leukocyte count. If the counts are 23, 27, 28 and 34 what is the correct leukocyte count?
5,600 leukocytes
An animal health technician is stocking a cabinet with flea control products. He stocks three cases of spray containing 24 cans per case, 13 cases of shampoo with 12 bottles per case, 5 boxes of foam with 10 cans per case, and 6 cases of powder with 8 boxes per case. Three days later he calculates that 35 cans of spray, 18 bottles of shampoo, 5 cans of foam and 21 bottles of powder have been sold. How
many total items of flea killing preparations are left in the cabinet?
247 preparations
A vet tech gives a dog 1/2 ounces (oz) of couch medicine at 6 pm and 1/4 oz of couch medicine at 10 pm. What is the total amount of couch medicine received?
3/4 oz
A vet tech is developing X rays. He follows the time chart recommended for the film he is using. What is the total time required to complete the developing process? Developing Process Time Required
-Developer 2 1/4 minutes
- Rinse 3/4 minute
-Fix solution 3 1/2 minutes
- Final wash 19 minutes
23 1/4 minutes
A vet tech uses 1/2 oz, 3/4, and 5/8 oz of solution to perform three urinary analysis tests. How much total solution does she use?
1 7/8 oz
A vet tech is in charge of the construction of a new X-ray development unit. She knows that to prevent radiation the walls must be at least 2 5/8 inches (") thick if gypsum sheet rock is used or 1/16" thick if sheets of lead are embedded in the wall to
prevent the passage of radiation. What is the difference of thickness in the two walls?
2 9/16 inches
A microbiologist notes that the average length of a bacterium is 1/1000 micrometer (mcm). Viruses range in size from 1/2500 to 1500mcm. How much
longer is a bacterium than the smallest virus in mcm?
3/5000 mcm
A veterinary pharmaceutical company technician uses a 480-milliliter (mL) flask of rabies vaccine solution to fill individual vials. If each vial holds 1/30 of the volume of the flask, how many mL of vaccine are in each vial?
16 mL
An animal that is comfortable with a halter in its head and that responds to the commands of the person who is leading it is said to be_____
Halter broken
Identification tags are usually placed in the _____ of cattle.
Ears
Giving birth to a sheep is known as_____.
Lambing
What is drenching?
Giving a liquid medication orally.
Both sheep and goats have_____ hooves.
Cloven
Poultry rely on a_____, a strong muscular organ that may contain grit, to grind their food.
Gizzard
In vivo vaccination involves injecting the vaccine into the____.
Embryo in the egg.
Which of the following is not a method of disposing of dead birds in a poultry production facility?
Recycling
Which of the following animals is not a cecal fermenter?
Pig
Which of the following is the first of the five steps of the digestive process?
Oils
Which of the following is the first of the five steps of the digestive process?
Mechanical
Which of the following are the "ABC's" of cardiopulmonary resuscitation?
Airway, Breathing, Compression
Which of the following is not a warning sign that you dog or cat may be inclined to bite?
Ears held back, tail wagging quickly.
What is the prevention for anal sac swelling?
Have veterinarian check anal glands.
With your veterinarian's permission, what medication can you give your dog if they have an allergic reaction?
Benadryl
Lyme Disease is a disease caused by a spiral-shaped bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi. Which of the following can become infected?
1). Dogs and cats.
2). Horses and cattle.
3). Birds and wild animals.
In the last few hours I have noticed that my dog has been drooling excessively, especially since she never really drools. What could cause this?
1). Oral ingestion of insecticides.
2). Dental disease.
3). Anxiety and nausea.
Dogs and humans are susceptible to a variety of water-borne parasites. How can dogs become infected?
Ingesting aquatic species.
A dog that licks his feet, rubs his face, or scratches behind his elbows may be showing signs of:
Allergy
How long is a dog in estrus?
Between 4 - 21 days with a mean of 9 days.
Rascal, a 2 year old dog has a foul odor. What could be the cause?
1). Any brownish material in his ears. He may have an ear infection.
2). He has tartar on his teeth or very red gums. His teeth need attention.
3). His skin is dry and has bumps.
Chipped bones, bowed tendons and other soft tissue injuries can cause what condition in horses?
Lameness
How long, on average, will a mature horse's hoof grow in a month?
.25 - .38 inches
Which breeds of dogs are less likely to cause human allergies?
Schnauzers
In horses, the process whereby a fixed object is grabbed with the incisor teeth and air is drawn in repetitively through the mouth, is called what?
Cribbing
This term refers to a collection of pus (dead white blood cells) that has accumulated in a cavity formed by the tissue due to an infection or other foreign material.
Abscess
A bacteria or virus that causes clinical disease is termed a:
Pathogen
The soft "v" shaped tissue in the center of the bottom of the horses hoof
Frog
There is no
198
Cessation of breathing is called:
Apnea
The study of disease causes is called:
Etiology
The only medical term for lying down is:
Recumbent
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of_____ established the Occupational Safety and Health in the Department of Labor.
1970
Sheep have ______ chromosomes.
54
Goats have___ chromosomes.
60
The formal pulse (bpm) for a pig is:
75 bpm
A sheep you are examining has a temperature of 102.5 F. This is:
Normal
_______ is essential for organ structure, nutrient transport and energy utilization.
Phosphorus
Grass tetany is a result of :
Magnesium Deficiency
Anthrax is a _____ disease of livestock.
Bacterial
Erythrocytes are microscopic cells also called:
Red blood cells
An example of a fungal disease is
Ring-worm
What is the name of the set of guidelines to protect employees?
Hazard Communication Standard
All of the following are examples of guidelines of hazards, except_______.
Mental
All of the following are examples of guidelines of safety equipment, except____.
Lead shoes
An MSDS must contain___ sections.
8
OSHA was created in______.
1970
Which of the following is most important to schedule first when making appointments?
Emergencies
What time of the day does a veterinarian typically so scheduled surgeries?
Early Morning
Which of the following situations would be considered an emergency?
Urinary Blockage
Which of the following would not be included on a cage card?
Time of day they need to go outside
A good rule to follow when restraining animals for veterinary care is:
Use minimal pressure and restraint to keep the animal calm.
Which of the following is not a part of the normal diagnosis process?
Post mortem exam.
Diseases transmitted between animals and humans are known as____?
Zoonoses
Dry pet food has a moisture content of___%
6-10
Semi-Moist pet foods average ______% water content.
23-38
Examination by a veterinarian begins with the _____ process.
Care
Organizationally, hospitals have three major system components which are a_____.
1). Clinical
2). Clinical service support
3). Ancillary service
What are the three levels of decontamination?
1). Disinfection
2). Sterilization
3). Sanitization
Which of the following is not a disinfection method?
Gaseous
By itself alcohol has effects on bacterial viruses.
limited
To maintain an acceptable metabolic rate, confined animals should be housed in a _____% relative humidity environment.
30-70
To maintain an acceptable metabolic rate, confined animals should be housed in a____ F temperature range.
64-84
Which type of pain arises from internal organs?
Visceral
Which of the following is not a behavioral sign of pain?
Dilated pupils
Which of the following are physiological responses to pain?
1). Increasing salivation
2). Dilated pupils
3). Shallow breathing
Which of the following is not a layer of skin?
Epithelium
_______ connects bone to muscle.
Tendons
Multi-layered arrangements of skins is found in________.
1). Hooves
2). Claws
3). Horns
Which of the following vessels carry blood from the body to the heart?
Veins
The lymphatic systems consist of lymph nodes, tonsils, thymus and the____.
Spleen
Which ruminant stomach removes excess water from stomach contents?
Omasum
The____ is the location of the true enzymatic action in the ruminant digestive system.
Abomasum
The______acts as a cleaning house for old, worn out red blood cells.
Spleen
The thoracic cage is a skeletal and cartilaginous structure that surrounds and contains the_____.
Heart and lungs
Olfaction is defined as the_____.
Sense of smell
phonation is defined as the
Process of vocalization
which if the following is a part of the urinary system
1). Bladder
2). Urethra
3). Kidneys
the long extending fiber in a nerve cell is the
Axon
III submissive patients should be approached with a _____posture speaking
Timid
Softly
dogs, cats and cattle have an average body temperature of _____ degrees F.
101.5
which of the following animals has the lowest pulse and respiratory rates
Horse
in the absence of a known birth date, what is the most common means of determining
Examine the teeth
pre molars and molars are known as____ teeth
Cheek
canids are mammals characterized by pointed ______ teeth
Canine
_______ hear at a decibel level of 60,000 cycles per second.
Cats
The two classes of vitamins are______.
Fat soluble
Water soluble
Animals require______ quarts of water for each pound of solid feed eaten.
1.5
Fat provides ____ the energy of carbohydrates.
Twice
A pregnant cat is known as a______.
Queen
Grains contain______% more energy than roughages.
50-100
Which of the following is the most important part of the live stock diet?
Water
which of the following knots releases quickly releasing an anima?
Reefers knot
Applying a nose twitch to a horse should be done by ______ person/persons.
2
Necrosis may be defined as_____ tissue.
Dead
Gums that are grey, blue or pale rather than pink indicate______.
Shock
Pressure bandages control______.
1). Bleeding
2). Reduce swelling
3). Restrict movement
An epidural is an injection in the_____.
Spinal cavity
Ring-worm is also known as_____.
Dermatitis
Lice infestations are most common in the_______.
Winter
Meningitis is an infection of the brain_____.
Covering
Grass tetany/grass staggers is the result of a_____ deficiency.
Magnesium
Passing a tube into a cow's_____ releases gas and relieves bloat.
Ruman
Cystic ovaries seem to be more common in_____ cattle.
Dairy
______ is the accumulation of body fat exceeding the amount needed for optimal body function.
Obesity
Which breed of dogs would be more apt to be a victim of gastric dilatation?
Great Dane
Exposed, susceptible animals are maintained in quarantine for the duration of the
period of the disease.
Incubation
Isopropyl alcohol ( 50-70% ) is an effective disinfectant for _cleaning.
Spot
Normal skin has both transient and microorganisms.
resident
All except the is used for bloodless castration.
knife
The urethral orifice is an opening from the bladder into the reproductive tract of
female mammals
Labor, the birthing process, begins once the fetus enters the birth canal. The three terms used to describe the orientation of the fetus in the birth canal are:
Presentation.
Position.
Posture.
The common name for the contagious disease caused by the brucella abortus bacteria is_____.
Brucellosis
A rabid animal can not drink because of______
Throat paralysis
In a medical record the abbreviation SOAP means:
Subjective.
Objective.
Assessment.
Plan.
Which group was responsible for the development of the Animal Welfare Act?
Congress
Which of these agencies is responsible for the regulation of animal research?
USDA
To what animals does the USDA Animal Welfare Act apply?
Nonhuman primates.
Any live or dead dog.
Warm blooded animal used for research.
Animal researchers attempt to minimize animal pain and use a concept known as the "three Rs" as a means of pain reduction. The three "Rs" are;
replacement, reduction, and refinement
Animal researchers attempt to minimize animal pain an use a concept known as the "three R's) as a means of pain reduction. The three R's are:
Replacement.
Reduction.
Refinement.
Utilizing cell cultures rather than a live animal for research would be known as:
Replacement
Reducing an animals pain during a research project would be known as:
Refinement
Using new analgesics, new aesthetics, new bleeding techniques and surgical techniques are a means of:
Refinement
According to the USDA pain/distress categories an animal that is experiencing no pain would be in:
Category B
Category_____ are those procedures in which animals are subjected to painful or stressful procedures without the use of anesthetics, analgesics or tranquilizers.
E
Euthanasia literally means:
Gentle death
The USDA defines euthanasia as:
1). Humane destruction of an animal.
2). Rapid unconsciousness and subsequent death without evidence of pain.
3). Painless loss of consciousness leading to death.
According to the USDA pain/distress categories an animal exposed to a potentially painful procedure for which anesthetics, analgesics, or tranquilizers will be used is in which pain category?
Category D
The common name for the contagious disease caused by the brucella abortus bacteria is
brucellosis
Which group was responsible for the development of the Animal Welfare Act?
congress
Which of these agencies is responsible for the regulation of animal research?
USDA
Utilizing cell cultures rather than a live animal for research would be known as
replacement
Reducing an animal's pain during a research project would be known as
refinement
Utilizing fewer animals in a research project would be known as
refinement
Using new analgesics, new aesthetics, new bleeding techniques and new surgical techniques are a means of
refinement
According to the USDA pain/distress categories an animal that is experiencing no pain would be in
category B
Category are those procedures in which animals are subjected to painful or stressful procedures without the use of anesthetics, analgesics or tranquilizers.
category E
According to the USDA pain/distress categories an animal exposed to a potentially painful procedure for which anesthetics, analgesics, or tranquilizers will be used is in which pain category?
category D
Euthanasia literally means
Gentle death
The USDA defines euthanasia as
humane destruction of an animal, rapid unconsciousness and subsequent death without evidence of pain, and painless loss of consciousness leading to death
Which of the following is a method of euthanasia?
physical, non-physical, and pharmacologic methods
Physical methods of euthanasia would include
captive bolts, cervical dislocation, and decapitation
There are approximately veterinarians in private practice in the US.
65,000
Veterinary medicine is defined as
the cure of animal disease, science of prevention of disease in animals, and the treatment of injury in animals.
Which of the following is not a field of veterinary practice
social
Anatomy may be defined as the study of the animal
body
Microscopic anatomy is the study of structures that are to the human eye.
invisible
Gross anatomy is the study of structures with the
naked eye
A glass thermometer should be held in place for minutes.
2
Which of the following is not a part of the lymphatic system?
testicle
Body temperature is not affected by
exercise
Animals require quarts of water for each pound of solid feed eaten.
1.5
Which of the following is not a dog group recognized the AKC?
hunting
Cats are unique because they have
five toes on the fore foot and four toes on the hind foot
Calves should be weaned at months of age
5-9
Foals should be weaned at months of age.
4-6
When choosing a restraint method which of the following is not a factor?
type of rope available
Bedding should be constructed with the animal's needs and _functions in mind.
biologic
An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with potential or actual tissue damage is known as
pain
Only % of Americans rely on animals to complete their daily tasks
2
Which of the following is not a type of disinfection method?
enviromental
Which of the following is not a class of chemical disinfectants?
formaldehyde
Which moisture content would be representative of semi-moist pet foods?
23-38%
The ASPCA was established in
1866
Which species does parvovirus generally affect?
dogs
Which of the following aid in digestion?
roughages
The two classes of vitamins are
water soluble and fat soluble
The two types of minerals are
macro and micro
To what animals does the USDA Animal Welfare Act apply?
nonhuman primates, any live or dead dog, and warm blooded animal used for research
In a medical record the abbreviation SOAPmeans:
subjective, objective, assessment, plan
A rabid animal cannot drink because of
throat paralysis
Labor, the birthing process, begins once the fetus enters the birth canal. The three
terms used to describe the orientation of the fetus in the birth canal are
presentation, position, and posture
Exposed, susceptible animals are maintained in quarantine for the duration of the ________ period of the disease.
Incubation
Isopropyl alcohol (50-70%) is an effective disinfectant for_____ cleaning.
Spot
Normal skin has both transit and______ microorganisms.
Resident
All except the_____ is used for bloodless castration.
Knife
The urethral orifice is an opening from the bladder into the reproductive tract of________.
Female mammals