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Judeo Christian Ethics rooted in Democracy
Objective: Explain the contributions of Judeo Christian ethics to the development of Western democratic thought. 8/22/13
Terms in this set (22)
What were some of the Judeo Christian ethics that were rooted in democracy?
strong code of ethics or moral standards of behavior, rule of law, the belief that all men were created in God's image and deserve fair treatment, justice, political equality. All men including the King must obey the laws!
What religion was monotheistic?
What is monotheistic?
belief in one all powerful God
What did people practicing Judaism believe?
people must follow God's laws in order to fulfill God's Covenant (the promise between God and Abraham that he would protect Jewish people and provide them a homeland if they followed his wishes), and they did not separate their religious beliefs from their social, economic, or political lives.
What were the Judeo sacred writings called? (the book)
What was the Torah?
the most sacred text, it was a record of God's teachings/laws. It is the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. Many times it was chanted/sung...thus there was an oral aspect of the Torah. This allowed it to adopt changing circumstances.
Describe the Hebrew Bible.
It was a collection of stories about Israelites history/faith. It included the Ten Commandments.
What were the Ten Commandments?
Moses, a prophet (spiritual leader) while on Mount Sinai, received these laws directly from God. They are the 10 basic laws God expected Jews to follow.
What do the first four Ten Commandments deal mainly with?
What do the last six Ten Commandments deal mainly with?
What are the Seven Universal Laws?
laws that all people were to follow (not just Jews). Commands people to establish courts to enforce these laws. They were a concept of universally accepted moral/ethical principles.
What did Christianity develop from?
What do people who practice Christianity believe?
They believe that Jesus is the Messiah, a Savior sent by God. A new religion was formed. History of the religion was logged in the New Testament of the Bible.
What was Jesus' message?
Emphasized God's love and a need for justice, morality, and service to others, obedience to the law.
Who did this new religion of Christianity appeal to?
a wide audience and those who sought equality/dignity for all.
Who spread Christianity?
Missionaries spread the teachings to all nations and set up churches.
What government/nation allowed for Christianity to spread easily?
The establishment of the Roman Empire.
What is the official religion of Rome by 380 A.D.?
Christianity is the official religion.
What language was most of the Christian writings in?
Greek and Latin because they were easily read.
What was added to Jesus' message? Why?
Ideas from Greeks get added. People found comfort in Jesus' message of love, better life, the welcoming of all people, ancient philosophy.
What rose as the most powerful force in Europe during the Middle Ages (500-1500 A.D.)?
The Christian Church
What is the most powerful religion today and how many follow it?
Christianity is the most powerful religion with 2 billion followers.
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