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39 terms

Rise of Dictators and WWII Test

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Chinese civil war
War between communist Mao Zse Tong and nationalist Chaing-Kai Shek. The communists took over and forced the nationalists to retreat to Taiwan
China moves toward communism
During the Chinese civil war, China was attacked by Japan. Mao Zedong fought japanese and Chaing - Kai Shek hid. THere fore communists won more support with poor.
Chinese Nationalists
Chiang Kai-Shek was the leader of the nationalist forces. The US supported the nationalists because they were anti communists.
Kuomintang
the political party founded in 1911 by Sun Yat-sen it governed China under Chiang Kai-shek from 1928 until 1949 when the Communists took power and subsequently was the official ruling party of Taiwan
Long March
The 6,000-mile (9,600-kilometer) flight of Chinese Communists from southeastern to northwestern China. The Communists, led by Mao Zedong, were pursued by the Chinese army under orders from Chiang Kai-shek.
May Fourth Movement
may 4th 1919, student protests in beijing, boycotting japanese goods, a cultural and intellectual ferment to strengthen china. (key role- joined marches, campaighned to end arranged marriages and foot binding)
Totalitarian State
National government takes control of all aspects of both public and private life. THus, totalitarianism seeks to erase the line between government and societyh. It has an ideology of set of belifs, that all citizens are expected to approve. It is often led by a dynamic leader and a single political party. Mass communication technology helps a toatlitarion government spreatd its aims and support its policies. Also , surveillance techonologhy makses it possible to keep track of the activites of many people. Finally, violence, such as as police terror discourages those who disagree with the goals of the governmtn.
Sun Yixian
"father" of Chinese Revolution, new chinese republic took shape, set goal to catch up and surpass east and west powers. Qing Dynasty- collapse 1911, sun hoped to rebuild China on the three principles of the People, little progress happened
Iran: leader, type of government, important events, allies and enemies
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India: leader, type of government, important events, allies and enemies
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Turkey: leader, type of government, important events, allies and enemies
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Saudi Arabia: leader, type of government, important events, allies and enemies
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Appeasement
policy by which Czechoslovakia, Great Britain and France agreed to Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland in agreement for not taking any additional Czech territory.
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy and Japan
Communism
Ideals of Karal Marz. Form of complete socialism in which the means of production - all land, mines, factories, railroads, and businessess - would be owned by the people. Private property ceased to exist. All goods and services would be shared equally.
Hitler
leader of the nazi party (national socialist german workers party), the party did not represent the workers but instead was an extremely nationalistic and violently anticommunist. he was imprisoned in 1923 because he took part in a Munich uprising. he wrote Mein Kampf (My struggle) which spelled out his goals for the German people. HE also became the totalitarian dictator of Germany during the 1930's.
Franco
Spanish general whose armies took control of Spain in 1939 and who ruled as a dictator until his death (1892-1975)
Mussolini
The prime minister and dictator of Italy from 1922 until 1943, when he was overthrown. He established a repressive fascist regime that valued nationalism, militarism, anti-liberalism and anti-communism combined with strict censorship and state propaganda. Mussolini became a close ally of German dictator Adolf Hitler, whom he influenced. Mussolini entered World War II in June, 1940 on the side of Nazi Germany. Three years later, the Allies invaded Italy. In April 1945 Mussolini attempted to escape to German-controlled Austria, only to be captured and killed near Lake Como by Communist Resistance units.
Fascism
A system of government characterized by strict social and economic control and a strong, centralized government usually headed by a dictator. First found in Italy by Mussolini.
Weimer Republic
Allies install a government that will not try to create a militarized society called the ____________________. German economy was in ruins...reparation payments are huge - rampant unemployment.
Japan's Role
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Munich Conference
1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further.
New Deal
Franklin Roosevelt's economic reform program designed to solve the problems of the Great Depression
Nonaggression Pact
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
The Depressions
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U.S. Isolationism
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Atomic Bombs
The United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; the led the Japanese to surrender and helped bring and end to WWII
Attack of Pearl Harbor
japan attacked america on december 7,1941; only time america had been attacked by a foreign country before 9/11
Blitzkrieg
German lightning warfare. Characterized by highly mobility and concentrated forces at point of attack.
Kristallnacht
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
Nuremburg Trails
1945-1949: prominent Nazis were tried four war crimes; can't just say following orders; 1st international court of Justice
WWII Begins
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Final Solution
final solution of the Jewish question-murder of every single Jew-had begun-mass arresting, and trafficking of Jews to the concentration camps-mass killings occurred as well in the gas chambers
Genocide
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
Important Battles
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Island Hopping
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
Japan after WWII
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Japanese Interment
which moved all Japanese and people of Japanese descent living on the west coast of the U.S. into internment camps in the interior of the U.S.; racist policy of U.S.; like a nativists; took japanese to prisoner of war camps
Kamikaze Pilots
Japanese pilots who would dive in for a bombing and then crash their plane purposely to take out their enemy while giving up their life. Their motivation for doing this is that they were doing this for the emperor.