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_________: A word that names a person, place, thing, idea, animal, quality, or action. Nouns function as the subject of the sentence. They also function as objects, complements, appositives, and in direct address.


_________ A word denoting action, being or state of being

am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been.

The being verbs are_________

am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been, shall, will, may, can, has, have, had, do, does, did, should, would, might, could, must.

The auxiliary/helping verbs are _________

Copulative/linking...Am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been, appear, become, continue, feel, grow, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, taste.

_________verbs link the subject with a noun, pronoun or adjective (a subjective complement).

Regular verbs

_________most verbs form the four principal parts in the same regular way. The past and past participle are formed by adding d or ed.

Irregular verbs

_________many verbs do not follow this pattern. Their principal parts must be memorized.


_________ A word that modifies, qualifies, or describes nouns and pronouns. Generally, adjectives appear immediately before the words they modify. The degrees of intensity are called: the_________ (hot), the _________(hotter), and the _________(hottest). We use the comparative form for two objects and the superlative form for three of more objects


_________ A word that stands for or replaces a noun. The _________is the word that the pronoun replaces. Pronouns may be masculine gender, feminine gender or neuter gender. Pronouns may have person and number.

I mine me we ours us he his him she her hers it you yours they theirs them

35. The personal pronouns are

I, we, he, she, they...

36. Nominative case personal pronouns (subject pronouns) _________ - are used as subjects of clauses and as subject complements.

me, us, him, her, them

37. Objective case personal pronouns - (object pronouns)_________are used as direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions.

Possessive pronouns/adjectives (pronominals)

_________ indicate possession or ownership and are used as both pronoun and adjective. (No apostrophes are needed since these are already form.)

mine, ours, yours, his, hers, its, theirs

39. Possessive pronouns-_________

my, our, your, his, her, its, their

40. Possessive adjectives-_________

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