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WH Mid-Term Study Guide
Terms in this set (85)
this term was used to describe an explosion and interest in art, literature and sciences. It translates to "rebirth"
This family rose to power by owning banks throughout Europe. Eventually two members became the pope.
What was the title of the book written by Alberti that revolutionized how artist painted?
" On Painting"
what disease wiped out %60 of most European cities in just a few months? It was caused by fleas on rats.
The Black Death
Who wrote "The Prince"?
Who designed the dome on the top of the Florence Cathedral?
Who was the English writer famous for writing plays such as Macbeth, The Merry Wives of Windsor,Julius Cesar, and add more than 3000 words to the English language?
Which Italian City rose to power during the Renaissance because of the Medici Family?
During the renaissance, this was a person who paid for or commissioned great works of art. Someone who gives money or support.
who was the artist that painted the Mona Lisa, wrote the first book on human anatomy, and created many inventions. He was a true renaissance man.
The medici family started what business to gain a foothold in Italy?
Who was the sculptor that created "the david" statue, but is most remembered for painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel?
History books say the renaissance began in the 1500s but in truth it really began in the century
if one is studying classical art, philosophy and literature they are said to be a student of
this city saw the beginnings of the renaissance and was a rival of florence
belief that GOD determined long ago, who would gain salvation
the theory that the Earth and all other planets revolve around the sun
piece of paper sold by the catholic church that pardoned people from their sins
astronomer who was excommunicated from the church because of his theories that the sun revolved around the earth. he also dropped the steel weights off the tower of Piza
the list of arguments/grievances against the church that were nailed to the All Saints Church in Wittenberg.
The 97 thesis
He invented the printing press
he was a politician, keeper of the Kings seal, and created the scientific method.
he published a book in 1535 detailing his belief in predestination and how to set up a protesiant church
philosopher Rene Decartes said "cogito Ergo Sum" which translates to
" I think therefor I am"
this man began as Tycho Brahe's assistant, and developed the 3 laws of planetary motion
who nailed the 97 theses to the church and willingly began the Protestant Reformation
procedure in which you create a hypothesis, conduct and experiment, collect data and then develop a conclusion
he developed the heliocentric theory
he was a mathematician, physicist and philosopher who developed the universal law of gravity. He created his own math to prove why planets follow an elliptical path
Sir Isacc Newton
astronomer who build an observatory on an island, developed the idea of parallax, wore a fake nose, and died by holding his urine.
who was the political writer that believed in limited government, separation of church and state, and that people were born with natural rights, He was the father of liberalism.
an agreement by which people gave up their freedom to a powerful government in order to prevent chaos
french philosopher that criticized government through his writings and plays
the first battle of the american revolution took place at these two towns.
Lexington and Concord
he wrote "wealth of nations" which outlined the idea of capitalism
his book would later become known as the encyclopedia
right that belongs to all humans from birth, such as life, liberty, and the property
he was a music composer who believed that all men were born good but it was experience that could turn them evil. he believed that the arts would be the mortal downfall of mankind.
rules of conduct discoverable by reason. you are born, you live, you die
what was the war between the American Colonies and the british empire known as
the american revolution
law passed in 1765 by the british parliament that imposed taxed on items such as newspapers and pamphlets in the american colonies.
philosopher who created the idea of 3 branches of government
policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference
he was the General of the Colonial army during the American Revolution. Later became the first president of the united states.
american founding father and writer of the declaration of independence
this was a fort in the city of paris that was used as a prision
this was the name for the social classes in france
who was the king of france during the start of the french revolution and later beheaded?
the right or ability to vote in elections is known as
when a country is spending more money that it is taking in it is known as
how many estates or social classes did france have at the time of the revolution?
famous oath made on a tennis court by members of the third estate in France, that said they would meet anywhere until change happened in their country
tennis court oath
leader of the Jacobins during the Reign of Terror. later beheaded by the people.
system of government in which officials are chosen by the people
a person who flees his or her country for political reasons. The nobility that left during french revolution
an elected federal government. the third estate in france used this term to refer to themselves
the name of the middle class in france
time during the french revolution when people were arrested for not supporting the revolution and many were excecuted.
reign of terror
what was the major form of execution during the reign of terror?
beheading by guillotine
military leader who power in the france and eventually declared himself emperor
when did the people in paris attack the bastille. it is now known as bastile day or french independence day.
July 14, 1789
a member of a radical political club during the french revolution. the upper class of the third estate
the working-class man or woman who made the french revolution more radical. named after the long pants they wore instead of the knee breeches the upper class wore
document written during the french revolution that secured the rights of all citizens. rights such as freedom of speech, education, and property
declaration of the rights of man
what was a cause for the french revolution
the economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state
what was the political theory, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs
who developed the idea of communism?
what is an imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfect, developed by Sir Thomas Moore?
the idea that the right course of action is what benefits the majority
north and south america are named after this explorer
this means to fly or sail around the world
he sailed around the cape of good hope and establishes a trade route with india for spices
Vasco Da Gama
What was the phase of the columbian exchange between africa and the new world in which slaves were carried by boat
atlantic slave trade
spanish explorer who traveled through flordia, georgia, alabama, and mississippi. he discovered the mississippi river.
spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec empire
triangle trade between africa, europe, and the americans, goods such as tobacco, suagr and slaves were traded
the fist person to circumnavigate around the world
spanish explorer who conquered the Incan Empire
Portugese prince who set up an academy devoted to learning to exploration techniques
prince henry the naviagator
the movement of people from rural areas to cities is known as
he created the first electric motor and the first dynamo, which generates electricity
he invented dynamite but later used his money to fund the peace prize also named after him
italian inventor who developed the radio
british engineer who developed a new process for making steel from iron
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