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Terms in this set (38)
opponents to the Constitution
supporters of the Constitution
New Jersey Plan
proposed revising the Articles of Confederation to make the central government stronger
two houses of Congress that would make the laws
system of federal courts that would interpret the laws
headed by a president who would implement and enforce the laws
people who supported a stronger central government
proposed scrapping the Articles of Confederation and creating a new constitution
Articles of Confederation
plan for a loose union of the states under the authority of Congress
a collection of essays written by James Madison, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton that summarized the Constitution.
when farmers in western Massachusetts rebelled against increased taxes
checks and balances
a system of limiting the powers of the 3 branches of government to prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful
divided government power between the federal government and the state governments
formally accuse of misconduct and then remove the president or any high official from the executive or judicial branch
taxes on imported goods
rule by the people
The Articles of Confederation gave the
Confederation Congress all of the following powers?
declare war, raise armies, and sign treaties
News of Shays's Rebellion and unrest elsewhere
convinced the Congress to?
call a convention of the
states to revise the Articles of Confederation
The only state that did not send delegates to the
Constitutional Convention was?
The Virginia Plan would benefit?
large states with many people
Amending the Constitution requires?
proposal and ratification
People pushing for ratification of the Constitution
The real issue for opponents of the Constitution
was whether the national government?
whether national or state
governments would be Supreme
Shay's Rebellion started because?
of Massachusetts decided to raise taxes to pay off its
debts instead of issuing paper money
The delegate chosen as presiding officer of the Constitutional
The Constitutional Convention had to balance states' rights with
the need for?
a stronger national government
What are the provisions of the Virginia Plan?
government would levy taxes, the national government would make
laws binding on the states, and the government would have three
branches: legislative, executive, and judicial
The government set forth in the Constitution is a federal system
divides power between national and state governments
The system created to prevent any one of the three branches of
government from becoming too powerful is called?
A plan that proposed scrapping the Articles of
Confederation and creating a new national government
with the power to make laws binding upon the states and
raise money through taxes was called the?
The Great Compromise proposed that in one house of
Congress—the House of Representatives—the states
would be represented according to the size of their?
The compromise that stated every five enslaved
people in a state would count as three free persons for
determining both representation and taxes was called
Antifederalists opposed the Constitution
because they thought it endangered the
independence of the?
How many states had to vote in favor of
the Constitution in order to put it into effect?
What did the Federalists promise to add to
the Constitution after ratification?
Bill of Rights
Why did the founders provide for a
separation of powers in the federal
To prevent any one branch of
government from becoming too powerful
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