IELTS Cambridge unit3
Vocabulary for IELTS Cambridge Unit 2 Keeping Fit
Terms in this set (32)
a condition that makes a person become ill or develop skin or breathing problems because they have eaten certain foods or been near certain substances
an uncomfortable feeling of nervousness or worry about something that is happening or might happen in the future
something that causes a feeling of fear and worry
when you want to eat food
- I won't have any chocolate, thanks. It will spoil (= reduce) my appetite.
one of the thick tubes that carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body
- Hardening of the coronary arteries can lead to a heart attack.
a useful or valuable quality, skill or person
- Her eyes are her best asset (= most attractive feature).
something valuable belonging to a person or organization which can be used for the payment of debts
- A company's assets can consist of cash, investments, buildings, machinery, specialist knowledge or copyright material such as music or computer software.
a strong or uncontrollable want
I have a craving for chocolate.
the state of feeling very unhappy and without hope for the future
a mental illness in which a person is very unhappy and anxious (= worried and nervous) for long periods and cannot have a normal life during these periods
a person who scientifically studies, and gives advice about, food and eating
/dɪˈsɔː.dər / (noun)
a state of untidiness or lack of organization
- The whole office was in a state of disorder.
a food that is used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish
- The list of ingredients included 250g of almonds.
one of the parts of something successful
- Trust is a vital ingredient in a successful marriage.
when someone is unable to sleep, over a period of time
- Holly suffered from insomnia for months after her daughter was born.
an act of taking in something, especially breath
- I heard a sharp intake of breath behind me.
any substance which plants or animals need in order to live and grow
/əʊ ˈbiː.sɪ.ti/ (noun)
- A diet that is high in fat can lead to obesity.
the food and drink usually eaten or drunk by a person or group
when someone eats less food, or only particular types of food, because they want to become thinner or for medical reasons
a particular type of thing that you experience or do regularly, or a limited range of activities
the moment at which something unpleasant begins
- The new treatment can delay the onset of the disease by several years.
a part or share of something larger
the amount of a particular food that is served to one person, especially in a restaurant or a shop which sells food ready to be eaten
- The portions are very generous in this restaurant.
a sudden change in the blood supply to a part of the brain, which can cause a loss of the ability to move particular parts of the body
- She suffered/had a stroke which left her unable to speak.
a treatment which helps someone feel better, grow stronger, etc., especially after an illness
If a bad situation is acute, it causes severe problems or damage
- She felt acute embarrassment/anxiety/concern at his behavior.
An acute pain or illness is one that quickly becomes very severe
to happen or exist one after the other repeatedly
- She alternated between cheerfulness and deep despair.
to make something happen or exist one after the other repeatedly
- He alternated working in the office with long tours overseas.
quick, energetic and active
- He set a brisk pace and we struggled to keep up.
- Her tone on the telephone was brisk (= she spoke quickly and used few words) and businesslike.
(especially of a disease or something bad) continuing for a long time
able to pass a disease from one person, animal or plant to another
lasting for a long time or difficult to get rid of
- Symptoms of the illness include a high temperature and a persistent dry cough.
Someone who is persistent continues doing something or tries to do something in a determined but often unreasonable way
- She is a persistent offender and has been arrested five times this year for shoplifting.
necessary for the success or continued existence of something; extremely important
- A strong opposition is vital to a healthy democracy.
to reduce or remove the effect of something unwanted by producing an opposite effect
- Drinking a lot of water counteracts the dehydrating effects of hot weather.
to control or limit something that is not wanted
- The Government should act to curb tax evasion.
to reduce or be reduced in size or importance
- I don't want to diminish her achievements, but she did have a lot of help.
to prevent something, especially a system, process or event, from continuing as usual or as expected
- A heavy fall of snow had disrupted the city's transport system.
to encourage something to grow, develop or become active
to cause part of the body to operate
to cause something bad to start
- Some people find that certain foods trigger their headaches.