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sociology chapter 12 quiz
Terms in this set (47)
What percentage of students who complete high school go on to enroll in a college program?
Education is increasingly important for job seekers due primarily to which of the following factors?
transition to a post-industrial economy
What percentage of students who enroll in college complete a degree?
Which of the following reasons illustrates a micro-level explanation for why education is important?
Median weekly earnings are higher for those with a college education.
The transmission of society's norms, values, and knowledge base by means of direct instruction is referred to as:
School segregation based on residential patterns or student choice, despite the legal segregation being banned, is referred to as:
de facto segregation
Schools were originally established in the United States for which of the following purposes?
Educating children to read biblical literature
A society in which access to desirable jobs and social status depends on the possession of a certificate or diploma is referred to as:
Which of the following is associated with the highest levels of income?
Which of the following is an example of the sociological term "moral education"?
Kindergartners learning how to behave in class.
Which of the following is true of the relationship between race and education?
Blacks and Latinos are less likely than Whites to complete their bachelor's degree within six years of starting
On which of the following points do conflict and functionalist theorists agree?
Education trains people in the dominant norms and values of society.
According to conflict theorists, the "hidden curriculum" is a latent function of education that does which of the following?
Socializes members of the working class to accept their class positions
Which of the following is an example of a symbolic interactionist approach to studying education issues?
Observing how certain students perform in class after being labeled as "exceptional"
Which of the following is true of the relationship between education and income?
a. College graduates today are out-earning earlier graduates in regard to entry-level wages after graduation
College graduates out-earn their peers with only a high school education
Of the four literacy levels determined by the National Assessment of Adult Literacy (Below Basic, Basic, Intermediate, and Proficient), what percentage of Americans have proficient literacy?
The Supreme Court case that upheld the states' right to segregate public accommodations is known as:
plessy verses ferguson
What method of achieving school integration is known for worsening racial conflict in South Boston?
Mandated school busing
College graduation rates are higher at private colleges than at public institutions
Which of the following racial minority groups is least likely to attend segregated schools?
Which of the following racial minority groups is most likely to attend segregated schools?
Only about 25% of students today fit the model of full-time, on-campus students supported largely by their parents.
Although access to books at home and early reading experiences are related with higher performance at the early grade level, the literacy gap is easily closed within the first two or three years of schooling.
Which of the following racial groups is most likely to experience heavy educational debt (defined here as $30,500 or more at graduation)?
Which of the following is the most common reason cited for why students dropped out of college?
They could not afford to stay enrolled.
During the 2008 global economic recession, which group was most affected by unemployment of the 34 OECD states?
Adults without post-high school education
Which of the following is the number one destination for U.S. students who travel abroad?
Of the four literacy levels determined by the National Assessment of Adult Literacy (Below Basic, Basic, Intermediate, and Proficient), what percentage of Americans fell Below Basic?
The ability to read and write at a level sufficient to fulfill everyday practical needs is referred to as:
According to the National Center on Education Statistics (NCES), in 2009, about what percentage of U.S. students dropped out of high school?
Universal education systems provided by the government and funded by tax revenues rather than student fees are referred to as:
Universal public education emerged out of demands made by labor unions in the 19th century.
Following the abolition of slavery, and before Jim Crow law took effect, Black and White children were educated in the same school systems.
Fifty years after the Civil Rights Movement, racial school segregation is no longer a pattern in U.S. society.
A longer school day has been shown to correlate with academic gains.
The traditional school year with a summer break was designed to accommodate the needs of families sustained by agriculture.
While there is a measurable relationship between higher levels of education and higher levels of income, it is not significant.
Those with more education are more likely to participate in the paid labor force and less likely to face unemployment.
Although the manufacturing sector has declined significantly, manufacturing jobs are just as likely to be unionized, provide long-term job security, and pay a living wage as they were in the past.
Prior to _____, middle- and upper-class children attended private schools to be trained for business and education, while lower class children attended public schools to learn skills and obedience for factory work and farming.
universal public education
According to contemporary functionalist perspectives, the transmission of knowledge and skills is a _____ function of education, while the propagation of norms and values is
_____ refers to the education of racial minorities in schools that are geographically, economically, and/or socially separated from those attended by the racial majority
In the South, school segregation was a result of _____ ; in the North, it was a result of _____.
Jim Crow laws, residential segregation
The Supreme Court case reversed _____ in 1954 when it ruled that segregating public schools was unconstitutional in the case called _____.
Plessy versus Ferguson, Brown versus Board of Education of Topeka
The current U.S. labor market is mostly made up of _____ and _____.
advanced professional occupations that require higher education; part-time, low-pay, low-benefit service jobs
U.S. students attend on average about 180 school days per year, while students in Italy attend ____ days per year and students in Korea attend ____ days per year.
According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (2011), the United States ranks ____ in the percentage of young adults with a college degree.
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