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Terms in this set (41)
W. E. Du Bois
An American sociologist, historian, Civil rights activist, author, and editor. Completed graduate work at the University of Berlin and Harvard, First African American to earn a doctorate degree, became a professor of history, sociology and economics. One of the co-founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAADP) in 1909.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Sociologist - wrote about the gender role distinctions between men and women and how "...keeping half the human race (women) from engaging in productive mental and public labor was limiting the progress of humans as a species."
Martin Luther King
An American Baptist minister and activist who led the Civil Rights Movement. Best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights, using non-violent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs. Led the Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped to found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, and served as its first president. Helped to organize the 1963 non-violent protests in Birmingham, Alabama, organized the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered the "I Have a Dream" speech. One of the greatest orators in American history. Recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. Assassinated in 1968.
A prominent leader of the Apache Nation. Led raids in resistance to the U.S. government's invasion of Native American Indian territories. Credited for well-strategized raids and revenge warfare, often leading numbers larger than his own Apache following. After surrendering in 1886, he later performed at celebrity status for multiple county fairs across the United States.
Another injustice for women was their lack of "...the ability to control their own reproductive capacities." On that basis, Sanger opened the first birth-control clinic in 1916.
A German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Author of the 1848 pamphlet The Communist Manifesto. Theories collectively hold that human societies develop through class struggle between the bourgeoisie and proletariat classes of the capitalistic social infrastructure. Described as one of the most influential figures in human history whose work has been both applauded and criticized. Cited as one of the principal architects of modern sociology and social science.
An American civil rights activist, called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement." Refused to obey the bus driver's order to give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger when the white section of the bus was filled. Arrested for civil disobedience in 1955. Organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders and served as secretary of the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP. Also served as the secretary to an African American U.S. Representative.
1963 book - Feminine Mystique brought attention to women's dissatisfaction with being reduced to homemaking without a choice.
An Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the U.S. and first African-American justice. As a lawyer in 1954, successfully handled the Brown v. Board of Education that desegregated the public school system.
An American Chicano farm worker, labor leader, and civil rights' activist. Co-founded the National Farm Workers Association. President Obama proclaimed March 31st as Cesar Chavez Day in the U.S. to observe the day to honor the achievements to establish equality and workers' rights in the agricultural field.
A Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator of the Pan-Africanism movement. Founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. Founded the Black Star Line shipping and passenger line promoting the return of the African diaspora to their ancestral lands.
Author of 1983 book, In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens: Womanist Prose. She pointed out in a gender-neutral respect, that black feminist or feminist of color is someone who is committed to the wholeness and well-being of all of humanity - both male and female. This characterized the mood of the Third Wave and third wave generation of the feminist movements and strived to be more inclusive of all women of diversity and broader in its agenda.
Real name, Isabella Baumfree - escaped slavery with her infant daughter. In addition, she became the first black woman to win custody a court case (the custody of her son) against a white man. She went on to become a famed abolitionist and women's rights' activist.
A Lakota holy man who led raids in resistance to the U.S. government invasion into Native Indian homelands. Killed by Indian agency police on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation. Credited by the Lakota people for envisioning the Battle of the Little Bighorn in which many white soldiers..."as grasshoppers" fell.
A hospital nurse during the American Civil War. A humanitarian who founded the American Red Cross
A German sociologist, philosopher, and political economist whose ideas profoundly influenced social theory and social research. Best known for his thesis combining economic sociology and the sociology of religion in his book, The Protestant Ethnic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Emphasized the importance of cultural influences embedded in religion as a means for understanding the genesis of capitalism. Credited for the sociological terms, "level of development" and "subsistence technology."
An American professional baseball second baseman who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) in the modern era. Broke the baseball color line for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.
She became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, authored best-selling books about her flying experiences, and was instrumental in creating the Ninety-Nines - an organization for female pilots.
The Father of this young school girl - Oliver L. Brown - was an African American employee of the Santa Fe Railroad and assistant pastor. His daughter had to walk six blocks to her school bus stop to ride to the African American segregated school rather than the white school. Refused enrollment at the white school, her father filed a class action suit against the Board of Education in Topeka, Kansas, requesting the school district reverse the policy of racial segregation. The case won, reversing the Plessy v. Ferguson court case of 1896 which legally required "separate but equal" facilities for African Americans.
Sandra Day O'Connor
The first Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and the first woman to serve as a Justice of the Supreme Court.
A Cuban revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister and eventual president for 50 years. Politically a Marxist-Leninist and Cuban nationalist, promoting Cuba into a one-party socialist state. Viewed as a champion of socialism and anti-imperialism, while criticized as a dictator whose administration oversaw human rights abuses, causing a mass exodus of Cubans to the United States.
Patricia Hill Collins
A distinguished Professor of Sociology at the University of Maryland, she was the president of the American Sociological Association. Her educational endeavors focus on issues involving feminism and gender within the African American community. Author of Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness and the Politics of Empowerment in 1990, she was also credited for the sociological term, "intersectionality."
Booker T. Washington
An American educator, author, orator, and advisor to the presidents of the U.S., he was born into slavery. He became the leading voice of former slaves oppressed by the discriminatory Jim Crow laws in post-Reconstruction South in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was an educator at the Tuskegee Institute - a historically black college in Alabama in the late 19th century. He advocated for black progress through education and entrepreneurship, rather than challenging g the Jim Crow system.
At age 49, he became the first African American President of the U.S. A graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, and president of the Harvard Law Review. Taught constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School. Served three terms in the Illinois Senate. Received the Nobel Peace Prize in his first term of presidency, and was re-elected for a second term in office.
An American urban sociologist considered one of the most influential figures in early U.S. sociology, teaching at Tuskegee Institute, the University of Chicago and the Chicago School of sociology. Noted for work in human ecology, race relations, migration, assimilation, social movements, and social disorganization.
An African American Muslim minister and human rights activist. Considered one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history, advocated for the separation of black and white Americans. Rejected the promotion of integration into the dominant white society by the civil rights movement. Assassinated by members of the Nation of Islam in 1965.
An American sociologist who made a major contribution to theories of assimilation in his book, Assimilation in American Life, in 1964. Noted for the theory on the Seven Stages of Assimilation. Credited for the sociological terms, "the primary and secondary sectors."
An African American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman. After escaping from slavery, he became a national leader of the abolitionist movement. Known as one of the greatest orators of the late 19th century. Autobiography became a bestseller at the same time. Supporter of women's suffrage. Believed in equality of all people - whether black, female, Native American, or immigrant.
An American author and immigration rights activist. Born of a Jewish family in Russia before immigrating to Boston, Massachusetts in 1891. Graduate of Columbia University and best known for the Promised Land; an account of emigration and Americanization.
Fannie Lou Hamer
An American voting rights activist, civil rights leader, and philanthropist. Instrumental in organizing Mississippi. Ran for Congress in the 1960s. Became the vice-chair of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.
Enslaved African American who unsuccessfully sued the U.S. government for freedom. Chief Justice Roger Taney ruled that any person descending from Africans - whether slave or free - is not a citizen of the U.S. according to the Constitution of the United States.
She was an American abolitionist, humanitarian, and an armed scout and spy for the U.S. Army during the American Civil War. She was born into slavery and made multiple missions to rescue approximately 70 enslaved families and friends through the Underground Railroad. She aided John Brown in recruiting men for the raid on Harpers Ferry, and was an active participant in the struggle for women's suffrage.
Famous leader of the Indian Independence Movement in British-ruled India by employing nonviolent civil disobedience. His principles of nonviolence were adopted by Martin Luther King, Jr. in the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.
Susan B Anthony
Born a Quaker, she was an American social reformer and women's rights activist. She played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. She was arrested for trying to vote in 1872.
Born in the Bronx of New York City to Puerto Rican parents, she graduated from Princeton University summa cum laude, editor for the Yale Law Journal and served as assistant district attorney in New York before becoming the first Latina Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Dalip Singh Saund
The first Indian American in Congress in 1956...
In 2012, President Obama created a program by which the children of undocumented immigrants could apply to stay in the U.S. without fear of deportation.
A former slave, famous abolitionist and women's rights activist.
This woman founded the American Red Cross in 1881...
In 1932 she became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic...
Sandra Day O'Connor
She became the first woman Supreme Court Justice in 1981...
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