The Americans Chapter 9: The Progressive Era
Terms in this set (32)
4 goals: protecting social welfare, promoting moral improvement, creating economic reform, and fostering efficiency
An advocate for improving the lives of women and children. (Social Welfare). She was appointed chief inspector of factories in Illinois. She helped win passage of the Illinois factory act in 1893 which prohibited child labor and limited women's working hours.
the banning of alcoholic beverages
journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of businesses and public life in mass circulation magazines during the early 20th century
the use of time and motion studies to see how quickly tasks in factories could be performed
Robert M. La Follette
led Wisconsin in regulating big business; "Fighting Bob"
a bill organized by the people rather than lawmakers
a vote on the initiative
enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing them to face another election before the end of their term if enough voters asked for it
established direct election of US senators by popular vote
the National Association of Colored Women; movement identified by Josephine Ruffin as "the moral education of the race with which we are identified"
Susan B. Anthony
a leading proponent of woman suffrage; "I would sooner cut off my right hand than ask the ballot for the black man and not for women";social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, temperance, was an abolitionist, and helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
the right to vote
the National American Woman Suffrage Association; NWSA + another group
muckraking journalist who wrote "The Jungle"
A 1906 novel written by journalist Upton Sinclair with the intention of portraying the life of the immigrant in the United States but shocked readers by telling about the sickening conditions of the meatpacking industry
26th President of the United States, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
the various progressive reforms sponsored by the Roosevelt administration
Meat Inspection Act
dictated strict cleanliness requirements for meatpackers and created the program of federal meat inspection
Pure Food and Drug Act
halted the sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling
some wilderness areas would be preserved while others would be developed for the common good
the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; advocated for equality among the races
head of the US Forest Service under Roosevelt; believed that wilderness areas could be scientifically managed to yield public enjoyment while allowing private development
William Howard Taft
Twenty-seventh president of the United States; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff. He lost Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term.
a compromise that only moderated the high rates of the Aldrich Bill; angered people who thought that Taft had abandoned progressivism
Bull Moose Party
the Progressive Party; called for the direct election of senators and the adoption in all states of the initiative, referendum, and recall
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
Carrie Chapman Catt
president of the NAWSA; wanted womens' suffrage
Clayton Antitrust Act
sought to strengthen the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890; prohibited corporations from acquiring the stock of another if doing so would create a monopoly
Federal Trade Commission
governmental organization given the power to investigate possible violations of regulatory statutes, to require periodic reports from corporations, and to put an end to a number of unfair business practices
Federal Reserve System
the basis of the nation's centralized banking system
granted women the right to vote
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