62 terms

Religion Exam Notes

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The Book of Genesis
Pentateuch
The Book of Nahum
Prophetic
The Book of Esther
Novellas
The Book of Jonah
Prophetic
The Book of Tobit
Novella
The Book of Joshua
Historical
The Book of Job
Wisdom
The Book of Ben Sira
Wisdom
The Book of Exodus
Pentateuch
The Book of Isaiah
Prophetic
The Book of Judges
Historical
What does it mean that the Bible is inspired?
they are referring to the fact that God divinely influenced the human authors of the Scriptures in such a way that what they wrote was the very Word of God.
What are the languages used in scripture? In the OT? In the NT?
OT- Mostly written in Hebrew
Some texts written in Greek and Aramaic
NT - Written in Greek
What is the difference between the Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish canons?
The Protestant and and Jewish canons do not include the deuterocanonical books
Why are some stories told more than once in the Pentateuch, such as the creation stories, the flood, and the passing through the Red Sea.
The stores have different meanings.
Identify three names for the Chosen People.
Israelties, Jews, and Hebrews
How is the Ruah displayed in the creation stories?
It is showed as a wind
What was the purpose of the Tower of Babel?
It was to show that people are still sinning
Why did the 12 tribes end up in Egypt?
They ended up in Egypt because Egypt was prepared for the famine.
Why are there 12 tribes of Israel?
There are 12 tribes because there are 12 sons.
What did Moses and Noah have in common?
Both were put on arks which was a representation that God would save humanity
What did Job and Tobit have in common?
Both of their wives believed they had sinned
Why were the Israelites enslaved in Egypt?
The pharaoh feared that one day the Israelites would turn against the Egyptians.
What was Passover?
God's retaliation for Pharaoh killing Hebrew newborn males. Israelites eat unleavened bread to show quick departure from Egypt. Lamb is the substitution for firstborn (recall near sacrifice of Isaac)
Why did God inflict 10 plagues over Egypt?
God inflicted the plagues because the Pharaoh would not let the Israelites free.
How does the story of Passover relate to the near sacrifice of Isaac?
A lamb is used in instead of a child in both stories.
How did the Israelites get food and water while they were in the desert?
They got food from the sky and water from the rock
How does Joshua gain the trust of the Israelites.
He leads them across the Jordan River which reminds the of the story of Moses and the Red Sea
How did the Israelites defeat the people of Jericho?
God told the Israelites to circle around the wall once a day for 6 days and on the seventh day circle around 7 times then blow a trumpet which blew the walls down.
Why did David fight Goliath? What was David's reward?
David took him down with just a stone to the forehead. His reward was to marry the daughter of Saul.
What is the divided kingdom?
Israel divided into two parts. The Northern and Southern kingdoms.
What is the lesson of the Book of Job
The book of Job proves the Law of retribution is not real and that sometimes bad things happen to good people
Why did Job lose his family, wealth, and health?
Job lost everything because God and Satan made a deal to see whether or not he would continue to be a servant of God if bad things happened.
What is the Law of Retribution?
The law of retribution states that bad things happen to bad people and good things happen to good people.
Joseph
5- son of Jacob; can interpret dreams and was sold into slavery by his brothers because they were jealous
Adam
1 - The first person God created in the world who created original sin.
Samson
8- judge who drew strength from his long hair and saved the people from the Philistines
Isaac
4- Son of Abraham; nearly sacrificed but a lamb was used in place
Moses
6- was adopted into the Pharaoh's family and begs him to let his people go. Leader of the Israelites
Samuel
9- last judge; appoints Saul to be ing of the Israelites
Solomon
12- David's son; built the Temple of Jerusalem and ruled during a peaceful time
Abraham
3 - father of Isaac; made a covenant of Circumcision with God that allowed him to be the father of all nations with many descendants
Noah
2- God saved his family from the flood and told him to build the ark.
Saul
10- was the king of the Israelites and was unfaithful to God; handed over his daughter to marry David as an award for defeating Goliath
Joshua
7- chosen by Moses to be the new leader and helps the Israelites cross the Jordan river which restores their faith in him.
David
11- an armor carrier - defeats Goliath which saves the Israelites from the rule of the Philistines
The crossing of the Red Sea
6
David defeats Goliath
11
The Channukkah story
13
The battle of Jericho
9
Adam and Eve
1
Israelites are enslaved in Egypt
4
Judges rule over Israel
10
Solomon builds the Temple
12
Romans rule over Israel
14
The flood
2
The Tower of Babel
3
The Passover
5
Moses delivers the 10 commandments
8
Israelites spend 40 years in the desert
7
Footnotes
it looks like an asterik- explains a verse or phrase
Cross reference
it is a letter- it directs to another book that has the same story