72 terms

Theatre Final - Cronin

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Nogaku
skilled musical entertainment; called saragaku-no
Noh Theater
Japanese theatre, came from religion, dance drama
The Noh stage
takes several years for training: bridge, hurry door, pine trees, drums, could be outside, (look at pic)
Kan'ami Kiyotsugu
creator of Noh, performs with zeami in from of yoshimitsu, zeami takes over when he dies, author of matsukaze
Zeami Motokiyo
creator of noh; son of Kan'ami
Shite
main actor of Noh Theatre, always masked, needs to know all the plays, his companion is the Tsure
Waki
supporting actor of Noh Theatre, bystander, Waki-zure are his attendants
Jiutai
chorus of Noh Theatre, earth singers, stage left
Hayashikata
musicians in Noh Theatre
Noh Play Categories
Influenced by:
Dengaku: "rice planting entertainment", Folk origins, Field rituals
Sarugaku: "monkey entertainment", Acrobatic style of performance, Various types of performance

2 broad groups: muyen no (fantasy, ghosts, deity) and Genzai no (shite is living character).

1. God Plays
2. Warrior plays
3. Female Wig plays
4. Misc. Plays
Mad (insane) characters, living characters
5. Kiri no: final no
Supernatural plays, normally about Demons
God plays
main character a God
Warrior plays
main character a warrior
Female wig plays
main character a female
Miscellaneous plays
mad characters, living characters
Kiri No
final no; supernatural characters, normally about demons
Jo-Ha-Kyu
pacing of the play; slow-medium-quick
Neoclassicism
derived from interpretation of classical models, universal behaviors, traits, generalized sets, costumes
Rules of neoclassicism
Desire for morality, reality, and generality (verisimilitude), Decorum, Unities, 5 act structure, purity of form, the purpose of drama: teaches a moral lesson, comedies and tragedies
Romanticism
higher truth beyond earthly existence, closer to nature, rebellion against societal constraints, quest for justice, knowledge, truth
Melodrama
music drama, suspenseful plot (like a soap opera), moral justice, characters were stereotypes, tableaux is the climax at the end of each act, used special effects (electricity)

conventions: artificial intrigue, concealed identity, coincidences, tableaux, incidental song and dances, last minute rescue, sensational scenes.
George II/Saxe - Meiningen
Melodrama: director of meiningen players, ensemble work, lavish historical productions, rehearsals
19th century acting styles
Classical - carefully planned, detailed.
Romantic- emotional, physical gestures, monologues.
Melodramatic- physically/emotional overdisplay
Realism
calls attention to social issues, stage action=everyday life, complex characters, conversational, no inappropriate subject, no euphemisms
Naturalism
slice of life, emphasis on heredity and environment, exactness of setting, Emile Zola
Theatre Libre
first independent theatre in Europe; André Antoine; in Paris
Andre Antoine
created theatre libre, modernist
Emile Zola
writer of the play theatre libre was made to perform, realist naturalism, year before doll house
Henrik Ibsen
writer of a doll's house, Early plays: romantic verse dramas
Middle period: realistic social dramas
Late works: symbolism and mysticism
"Problem play"
focus on social problem
"The well made play"
created by Eugene Scribe, Overemphasize exposition, ominous turnaround
Components of a Well-Made Play
1. careful exposition, 2. surprises, 3. suspense, 4. climax, 5. resolution
Independent Theatre Movement
Theatre libre, modernist/realistic, response to realism
The Moscow Art Theatre
public education, realistic approach to acting, rehearsals, and research into historical detail; created by Stanislavsky, example of independent theatre movement
Antirealism
a movement against realism; symbolism, expressionism, and futurism
Stanislavsky
created the Moscow Art Theatre
Symbolism
poetic theatre with universal themes,
plays: allude to archetypes, dream worlds, characters are figures, surface dialogue not important
Staging techniques: abstract, colors have meaning, creating an atmosphere
Paul Fort
created Theatre d'Art
Theatre d'Art
founded by Paul Fort; symbolist theater
Theatre de l'Oeuvre
first theatrical theatre in Paris; directed by Lugne-Poe
Elmer Rice
Adding Machine; American Expressionism
Themes: belief in importance of the individual, socialism, exposure of economic/social ills, existing order of things is flawed, deadening influence of conventional morality
(German) Expressionism
Subjective rendering of INTERNAL world. Intense and hardcore; display a series of abstract images on stage. Opposed to realism and naturalism appearance wise.
Plays: message centered, episodic, focus on one character, search or pilgrimage, dialogue: short phrases or monologues
Staging: Scenes = sequence of events, groupings = mass action or uniformity, Set = distorted, grotesque, harsh lighting
Acting: not goal oriented (acting is a display)
German Expressionist Components
Geist: Spirit (abstract)
Schrei: Ecstatic (scream; incredibly passionate acting style)
Ich: Total I (focuses on central character, e.g. Mr. Zero)
Early American Playhouses
Philly: The Chestnut Street Theatre, Southwalk Theatre
NYC: John Street Theatre, The Bowery Theatre (Melodrama), Park Theatre
Boston: Federal Street Theatre
Chestnut Street Theater
Philly
Park Theater
NY
Federal Street Theater
Boston
American "Little Theaters"
small local theaters that catered to small groups, lack of original material and venues.
Similar to "Independent theatre movement"
1912: Toy Theatre in Boston
1912: Chicago Little Theatre
American Laboratory Theater
3 year training program, Stanislavsky system, Maria Osbenskaya started Stanislavsky method
The Group Theatre
Harold Clurman, Lee Strasberg, Cheryl Crawford, ensemble approach, popularized Stanislavski technique, Inner technique: improv, emotional memories, relaxation
Theatre Guild
subscription based; toured nationally, members departed to form group theatre
The Federal Theatre Project
supported theatrical ventures throughout the US; vast network of theatres; free or low cost performances. Negro theatre
The Provincetown Players
George Cram Cook and Susan Glaspell in 1915
The Provincetown Playhouse
experimental theatre inc., led by Eugene O'Neill, Kenneth MacGowan, Robert Edmund Jones
Arthur Miller
wrote Death of a Salesman
The African Grove Theatre (NY)
established 1821; William Henry Brown founded it. Ira Aldridge performed
Ira Aldridge
part of the African Grove Theatre (NY), Shakespearian roles
Bert Williams
African American actor, Shuffling Black Coon
The Chip Woman's Fortune
first non musical black show, written by Willis Richardson, produced by Ethiopian Arts Players
Amiri Baraka
Dutchman; Everett LeRoi Jones
Minstrel Show
comic skits by white people in black face, Bert Williams started in this show
Thomas "Daddy" Rice
the original Jim Crow; father of American minstrel show; white performers black face
Greenwich Mews Theater
shows African American plays off Broadway
African American Theatre: 50's vs 60's
50's: Abolish racial stereotypes
Integrate into mainstream
Plays dealing with racism
Racially mixed cast
Greenwich Mews Theatre

60's: Revolutionary Theatre
Black Theatre movement
Radical theatre
Protest drama
Community based theatre
Marina Carr
wrote by bog of cats, irish
Matsukaze
Noh play; Ka'nami
Lady Audley's Secret
Colin Hazlewood; Melodrama
A Doll's House
Henrik Ibsen; Realism
Death of a Salesman
Arthur Miller; Mid-Century American Problems
Adding Machine
Elmer Rice; Expressionism
By Bog of Cats
Marina Carr; based loosely of Madea
The Dutchman
Amiri Baraka; African Play
Victor Hugo
Historical drama, cromwell, hernani, Comedy Francois