-Divine mandate- appointed by God -Supported by Aristocracy- wealthy people (barrens, lords, nobles) -Owned all the land
What does the king give people in return for support?
Power, money, land
What is Enlightment
The IDEA behind RIGHTS is giving power to the people.
What is power?
Ability to control through ideas.
What are the 4 parts of the Constitution?
Preamble, Declaration of Rights, List of Grievances, Resolution
What is the Preamble?
Who was John Locke and what idea did he come up with?
John Locke was an enlightenment thinker who came up with the idea of natural rights.
What are natural rights? Examples? What can the people do if they are deprived of them?
Natural rights are rights given to us just because we are human. Ex: Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. If people are deprived of these rights, they can rebel and institute a new government.
Who had an opposite idea of Locke? What was his idea?
Hobbes said that people should give up their rights for protection from anarchy. This is called a social contract.
Whose ideas did Jefferson follow in the Declaration of Independence? Give 3 examples.
Jefferson followed Locke's ideas, and he included unalienable rights of "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" and that people can "alter and abolish" their government if they don't receive these rights. The government gets power from the "consent of the governed".
Explain the complaint in the list of grievances "He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people."
King George got rid of representative houses many times because they firmly went against what he was doing to the people.
Explain the complaint in the list of grievances "He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies without the consent of our legislatures."
King George had armies in the United States even in times without conflict without the agreement of the U.S.'s legislatures.
Public officials must make decisions based on the ____, not on their ___ ____.
law, personal wishes
What were colonists tired of seeing that King George was doing?
Making self-interested decisions.
New ideas: What did they challenge: Consequence:
New ideas: Enlightenment What did they challenge: Monarchy Consequence: Declaration of Independence
What truths are held self-evident in the Constitution?
That all men are created equal and endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights.
What are the 3 unalienable rights listed?
Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Where do governments derive their "just powers" from?
The consent of the governed.
When a government becomes destructive, what do the people have the right to do?
Alter and abolish it and institute a new government.
IN the phrase "He has refused his assent," the word "he" refers to who?
King George III
What is the phrase in the declaration that expresses the colonists' opposition to taxation without representation?
For imposing taxes on us without our consent.
"As free and independent states" what does the U.s. have the power to do?
Levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which Independent states of right do.
The colonies that the signers of the Declaration represented were who?
New Hampshire, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Connecticut, New York, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Delaware, Maryland