49 terms

Psych

STUDY
PLAY
Stress
Anything you find threatening or chanllanging; Physical, Emotional, thinking
Stressor
The cause of stress
3 Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
-Alarm..when body first reacts to stressor nervous system is activated.
-Resistance.. As the stress continues, the body settles into sympathetic division activity, release stress hormoes that help the body fight off, or resist, the stressor.
-Exhaustion..When body's resources are gone.
Suicide and factors involved
rates are higher in 65 yrs and older; woman are three times more likely to attempt suicide but men are nearly four times more likely to complete the attempt.
Anhedonia
the inablility to feel pleasure...seen in depression and suicidal people
Problem focused
You see there is a problem then find solution and acting them out to fix it....More Men
Emotion focused
Talking to friends, writing in diary, social networks....more woman
Defense Mechanisms
-Denial-distort reality just enough to maike ti bearable
-Repression-pushing conflict events or situations out of conscious memory.
-Rationalization-making up acceptable excuses for unacceptablable behavior.
-Projection-placing one's own unacceptable thought onto others as if they said it.
ID--psycodynamic
pleasure principle...Instinct, Sex(pleasure not physical), Aggression, anxiety...Satisfaction Immediatly.
Ego--psycodynamic
Reality Principle,Balancing point...ego distorts reality due to defence mechanisms.
Super Ego--psycodynamic
Conscience, know right from wrong, feels guilt, shame, and pride.
Psychodynamic Development stages
0-18mnth-- Oral-- sucking,routing,dependanse vs independance
18mths-3 yrs-- Anal-- control all or none
3yrs-6yrs old-- Phallic-- gender roles "attraction to mothers/jelously of father"
6-12 yrs old-- Latency-- going out into the world "Starts School"
12 yrs and up--Genital--we retain these things in adult life, fixation can occurr in any of these stages.
Humanism: Real Self
ones acutal perception of characterisitics, traits, and abilities that form the basis of the striving for self-actualization
Humanism: Ideal self
The perception of what on should be or would like to be
Big Five theory
Openness
Conscientiousness
Extraversion
Agreeableness
Neuroticism
Bandura's reciprocal determinism
an individual's behavior being conditioned through the use of consequences. At the same time he asserts that a person's behavior (and personal factors, such as cognitive skills or attitudes) can impact the environment.
Assesing personality
TAT-check motivation
HTP-blank paper draw...now tell me about what you drew
MMPI-2
Comformity
mimic-people will generaly go with a group to to not wanting to stand out....Not acutally told to do or direct request!
group think
Everyone tends to sut out individual thinking/opinon, the whole group thinks alike
complience
An individual is requested or ordered to do something and follow through....
Obedience/Milgram's "shocking" experiment
2/3 of people shocked others to a lethal dosage as they were told to do....
Attitude
Affect-emotional component
Behavior component
Coginitvie component-thinking
Change additiudes
source of information, the message its self needs to be clear, organized ,and reasonable, give clear sides.
Cognitive Dissonance-Festinger
When behaviorsand sttitiudes clashes; ex: A healthy person exercises, watches diet, but yet smokes....
Attribution
Impression, what we think of others, or what they think of me
Internal- whats on the inside
External- environmental
Prejudice
Negitive attitude we for because of in and out groups
Discrimination
Acting differently toward people usually in a negitive manner of people in our "out group"
Strerotyping
grouping people at a whole based on the group in which they are in.
Ways of reducing prejudice, discrimination, strerotyping
Look at people as people and what they as an individual has to offer not what group they fall in or what we think they fall in....
In-group
Any group you identify with, connect with
Out-group
Any group that we do not identify, connect with
Scapegoating
blaming a group for your problems
Zimbardo's prison Study
People were put into prisoner/guard roles in a moke prison...the roles taken on were taken to the extreme prisoners were being beaten by guards and prisoners were throwing body waste on guards the roles were played out to the point of having to stop the experiment.
Aggression
Instinct/hormones (testosterone) in males and females the higher the leve the more aggression
Causes of aggression
Learning aggression through media, t.v., video games, watching parents/home life.
Criteria for Abnormality
a person experiencesa great deal of discomfort or emotional distress when engaginina particuliar behavior...EX a woman can not leave house due to fear
INABILITY TO FUNCTION NORMALLY: Maladaptive the person finds it hard to apdapt to the demands of day-to-days!
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
A person has feelings of dread and impending doom along with physical symptoms of stress, which last six months or longer
Phobia
irrational persistent fear of something
Obsessive-compulsive Disorder
disorder in which intruding, recurring thoughts or obsessions create anxiety that is relieved by performinga repetitive, ritualistic behavior(compulsion)
Depression
a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
Mania
a mood disorder, state of abnormal elation and increased activity; madness
Bipolar 1
Severe mood swingsbetween major depressive episodesand manic episodes
Schizophrenia
Delusions-false beliefs held by a person who refuses to accept evidence of the their falseness
Halluciations-fase sensory perceptions, such as hearingvoices that do not really exist
Insight therapies
main goal is helping people to gain insight with respect to their behavior, thought, and feelings.
Action therapies
Main goal is to change disordered or inapproprieate behavior directly
Psychoanalytic therapies
emphasizing the revealing of unconscious conflict, based on freud
Psychodynamic therapies
A newer term for therapies based on psychoanalysis with an emphasis on transference, shorter threatment times, and a more direct therapeutic approach.
Carl Roger's Person-Centered Therapy
a nondirective insight therapy; the client does all the talk and the therapist listens
Ellis' rational Emotive Therapy
Clients are directly challenged in their irrational beliefs and helped to restructure their thinking into more rational belief statements.