Chapter 19 test
Terms in this set (40)
____ positive acts of government that seek to make constitutional guarantees a reality for all
____ the right to gather with others to promote political, economic, and social causes
guarantee of association
____ false and malicious use of the printed word
____ protects the right to hold one's own religious beliefs
Free Exercise Clause
____ expression by conduct such as carrying a sign or wearing an armband
Government has the right to make reasonable rules regulating assemblies
A) to uphold its limits on free speech.
B) to protect against the inciting of violence or the endangerment of life.
C) in situations that may involve protest against government policies.
D) if rules are applied individually regarding content.
to protect against the inciting of violence or the endangerment of life
The 10 amendments known as the Bill of Rights were originally intended as restrictions against
A) the already existing States.
B) both the National Government and State governments.
C) the new National Government.
D) any new States that would enter the Union.
the new National Government
A democracy must allow freedom of expression, otherwise
A) office seekers cannot run for office.
B) democracy does not really exist.
C) government will collapse.
D) a dictatorship cannot exist.
democracy does not really exist
An argument for government control of assemblies involves the
A) duty of government to protect the public.
B) right of government to prevent demonstrations.
C) unnecessary picketing of businesses by strikers.
D) government's right to censor the content of public meetings.
duty of government to protect the public
Government action seeking to curb ideas before they are expressed is called ____.
The government's rules must be ____, meaning that while the government can regulate assemblies on the basis of time, place, and manner, it cannot regulate assemblies on the basis of what may be expressed.
Private schools that are church-related are known as ____ schools.
The right of people to gather together to express their views on public matters is known as the right to ____.
____ is the advocating of conduct intended to disrupt the lawful acts of the government with violence.
Under the Establishment Clause, the government still has the power to do all of the following EXCEPT
A) establish an acceptable voluntary prayer for use in public schools.
B) use tax money to pay for busing students to parochial schools.
C) provide public funds for some uses in church-related schools.
D) exercise control over public, seasonal displays.
establish an acceptable voluntary prayer for use in public schools
In deciding cases involving laws against sedition, the Supreme Court has
A) upheld the constitutionality of all such laws.
B) established the excessive entanglement standard.
C) developed the "clear and present danger" rule.
D) upheld the Alien and Sedition acts of 1798
developed the "clear and present danger" rule
The Due Process Clause guarantees that
A) States are not bound by their State constitutions in matters of individual rights.
B) State governments will police the National Government.
C) States will not deny people any basic or essential liberties.
D) the National Government will not interfere with constitutional rights.
States will not deny people any basic or essential liberties
Which of the following is NOT one of the public places in which people have a constitutional right to hand out political literature?
B) shopping centers
D) public parks
The Free Exercise Clause gives people the right to
A) hold any religious beliefs.
B) assemble on private property.
C) offend public morals.
D) violate criminal law in the name of religion.
hold any religious beliefs
The Free Exercise Clause gives people the right to
A) believe whatever they choose to believe in matters of religion.
B) assemble and express their views on public matters.
C) hold meetings and parades on public streets without permits.
D) exercise anywhere they choose.
believe whatever they choose to believe in matters of religion
Which of the following statements about prior restraint is TRUE?
A) The Constitution guarantees the right of prior restraint.
B) Prior restraints are necessary to prevent censorship.
C) The Supreme Court has only rarely upheld prior restraints.
D) Prior restraints are usually upheld by the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court has only rarely upheld prior restraints
The government can limit free speech or free press if the communication
A) involves the picketing of an important business.
B) is political.
C) is advertising.
D) seems offensive to some adults.
Laws against seditious speech have been upheld by the Supreme Court if they
A) urge people to vote against the government.
B) support the party out of power.
C) urge people to overthrow the government.
D) disagree with the government in public
urge people to overthrow the government
A person may do as he or she chooses in this country
A) because the Supreme Court has ruled that to be a right.
B) as long as that person does not criticize others.
C) because the Constitution guarantees that right.
D) as long as that person does not infringe on the rights of others.
as long as that person does not infringe on the rights of others
Which of the following statements about commercial speech is TRUE?
A) It is legal to print false or misleading advertising only to benefit government-funded products.
B) Federal law forbids pharmacies from advertising prescription drug prices.
C) Cigarette ads are permitted on radio and television.
D) Commercial speech is protected by the 1st and 14th amendments.
Commercial speech is protected by the 1st and 14th amendments
The Supreme Court has ruled that demonstrations on private property
A) are legal if speeches are given.
B) are not protected by the First Amendment if demonstrators are trespassing.
C) have the same protections as those on public property.
D) are protected by the First Amendment.
are not protected by the First Amendment if demonstrators are trespassing
Which of the following statements about civil rights is NOT true?
A) Each person's rights are relative to the rights of others.
B) Some rights may be limited in wartime.
C) Rights are extended only to citizens.
D) Rights sometimes conflict with one another.
Rights are extended only to citizens
The ____ sets up the separation between church and state.
States cannot deny the basic provisions of the Bill of Rights to their citizens because of the ____ of the 14th Amendment.
Due Process Clause
____ give reporters some protection against having to disclose their sources or reveal other confidential information in legal proceedings.
During a speech at a rally, you are not free to ____ another person.
Protections against arbitrary acts of the government are technically known as ____.
Individual rights were included in the Constitution because
A) people did not want the government to have any authority over them.
B) the distinction between civil rights and civil liberties had to be made.
C) conflicts between individuals and the government remained unsolved.
D) the people demanded a listing of rights.
the people demanded a listing of rights
Without freedom of expression,
A) all kinds of unpopular ideas would become popular.
B) democracy could not exist.
C) Congress would have too much power.
D) States would have too much power.
democracy could not exist
____ foreign-born, noncitizen
____ crime of attempting to overthrow the government by force
____ patrolling of a business site by workers on strike
____ the first ten amendments to the Constitution
Bill of Rights
____ the right to assemble and petition with others to promote political, economic, and social causes
guarantee of association
Which has received the most limited 1st Amendment protection?
B) radio and television
radio and television