41 terms

Ancient Greece, Our World

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Harbor
Sheltered place along a coast used to protect boats and ships
Acropolis
A walled hill where people of the city could seek shelter and safety during an attack.
Agora
Central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place.
Assembly
Lawmaking body of government made up of a group of citizens.
Citizen
Person with certain rights and responsibilities in their community.
Democracy
System of government in which citizens vote to make governmental decisions.
Hellenism
A new culture that was a blend of Greek ideas and the traditions of Africa and Asia.
jury
Group chosen to hear evidence and make a decision in a court of law.
Monarchy
A government ruled by one ruler.
peninsula
Area of land almost entirely surrounded by water.
Peloponnesian War
War fought between Athens and Sparta.
polis
A type of city-state in Ancient Greece.
Sparta
The helots, or farmers, revolted against the government in
Athena
Goddess of Wisdom
Sparta
City-state where boys spent most of their time training to be soldiers.
Mediterranean, Aegean, and Ionian
the three seas that border Greece
Peloponnesus
peninsula on which Sparta is located
Attica
peninsula on which Athens is located.
the land is very mountainous
What makes travel by land so difficult in Greece?
rocky soil
The ancient Greeks planted olives and grapes because they grow well in ...
it was used for trade
Why was the Mediterranean Sea important to the Greeks?
philosophy and geometry
Some of the achievements of the Golden Age of Greece included...
Macedonia
The Peloponnesian Wars opened Greece to attack from...
Greece
Who won the Persian Wars?
Attica
peninsula home to Greece's best farmland and harbors
Peloponnesus
mountainous region in Southern Greece
Phoenicians
developed an alphabet that is the basis of the one we use today
citizen
a person who has rights and responsibilities in their community
oligarchy
type of government where a small group of the richest and most powerful citizens controlled decision making...
epic
long poem that tells the story of a hero or historical figure
Persian Wars
Athens enters its "Golden Age" period after it defeated the Persians in this war
Pericles
leader of creating democracy in Athens
Parthenon
Marble temple built by Pericles to the Goddess Athena
philosophy
The search for wisdom and the right way to live
The Academy
school started by Plato in Ancient Greece
Aristotle
Greek philosopher and student of Plato who was Alexander the Great's private tutor.
Socrates
Greek philosopher who believed in a method of teaching by asking questions.
Alexander the Great
He conquered Persia, Egypt, the Middle East and Northern India before he died at the age of 33.
Pericles
The leader of Athens at c. 450 B.C. He wanted all citizens to take part in government.
Homer
Famous Greek poet who created two epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey, which provides information about ancient Greece.
Alexandria
A harbor in Egypt on the Nile that was named after Alexander, and was an important port for trade. It included an agora, theater, temples, stadium, and a gymnasium.