100 terms



Terms in this set (...)

"I want to run a 5k in 45 days."
Which of the following statements indicates that your client has successfully implemented a SMART goal?
Four years
According to the NASM Code of Professional Conduct, a Certified Personal Trainer shall maintain accurate financial, contract appointments, and tax records including original receipts for a minimum of:
Reciprocal inhibition
An active kneeling hip flexor stretch is an example of:
Design a cardiorespiratory program for a client.
It is lawful for a Certified Personal Trainer who possesses no additional certifications or licensure to do which of the following?
Soft tissue models along the lines of stress.
Davis's law states which of the following?
What percent of predicted heart rate maximum is used in zone two of cardiorespiratory training?
Subjective Information
Feedback regarding personal history such as sport, lifestyle, and past medical history would be best described as:
Which of the following occurs at the shoulder while it is moving in the frontal plane?
The spotter should spot at the wrists when clients are performing a dumbbell exercise.
Which of the following is an example of an appropriate spotting technique?
16 to 24 ounces
How many ounces of water should a client consume immediately after exercise for every pound lost?
Strength exercises with stabilization supersets
The client is ready to progress from Phase: Stabilization Endurance to Phase 2. Which of the following best describes the resistance training portion of her new Strength Endurance workout?
Anterior deltoid
Which of the following muscles is the synergist when a client is performing a chest press?
3-5 minutes
Which of the following is the recommended rest interval when performing a circuit for Phase 5 resistance training?
2 CEUs within 2 years.
To maintain certification with NASM, the Certified Personal Trainer must earn:
When the trainer becomes aware of undiagnosed osteoporosis.
In which of the following situations should a Certified Personal Trainer refer a client to a medical practitioner?
Vitamin A, vitamin D, iron, and zinc
Which of the following vitamins and minerals are known to have the greatest potential for excess dosage in dietary supplements?
2 to 4
Which of the following is an appropriate number of exercises per body part per session for a client who has the goal of muscular hypertrophy?
Transverse abdominis
Which of the following muscles is part of the core local stabilization system?
Medical physician
Under the supervision of which of the following professionals is it appropriate for an adult client to follow an 800-1000 calorie diet?
60 to 70% of their maximum
Which of the following is an appropriate intensity when training a client who is obese?
Metabolic syndrome
A client shows signs of obesity, insulin resistance, and hypertension. The combination of these three symptoms are correlated with which of the following disorders?
76% to 85% of HR max
After completing the Three-Minute Step Test, a 20-year-old male scored in zone 2. What is the correct heart rate range for when he does cardio training?
Perform prone iso-abs with knees on floor.
A client cannot perform a full prone iso-abs exercise, which of the following would be an appropriate regression?
Increasing load
In the Maximal Strength Training (MST) phase, what should be the primary emphasis in the client's program?
To avoid muscle strains, joint pain, and emotional fatigue, which of the following concepts should be implemented?
Which of the following is the system activated at the onset of any activity, regardless of intensity?
external rotation of the feet
When assessing an overhead squat, an indication of relative flexibility due to tightness in the lateral gastrocnemius is:
Goals should be consistent with a client's own ideals and ambitions.
Which of the following statements is true concerning client goal setting?
In the Stabilization Endurance Phase, exercises should be performed with which of the following types of intensity?
Knee over second toe
Which of the following is the proper lower extremity position when performing a ball squat?
12-20/Slow, 1-12/ Moderate, 1-10/Explosive
Which of the following is the correct repetition range and tempo for the Stabilization, Strength and Power Phases of the OPT model?
Loss of water
Which of the following contributes to rapid weight loss when consuming a low carbohydrate diet?
Circuit training system
A series of exercises that is performed one after the other, with minimal rest, is referred to as what type of training system?
Which of the following is the third step in the Stages of Change model?
Desired annual income
Which of the following should a trainer determine during the first step in the Ten Steps to Success?
Which of the following is part of the marketing mix?
Personal trainers have a maximum of how many seconds to make a good first impression?
Gluteus maximus
Which of the following muscles is underactive if a client demonstrates an anterior pelvic tilt?
Synergistic dominance
Muscle imbalances can be caused by lack of core strength and poor training techniques. Which concept causes the biceps femoris and piriformis to compensate in a squatting movement?
Adductor longus
If a client's knee moves inward while performing the Single-leg Squat test, this is an indication that which of the following muscles is overactive?
Two-leg squat on Dyna disc
A client has mastered the single-leg squat on the floor. Which of the following is a proprioceptive and challenging progression?
3 to 5 seconds
When a client performs reactive exercises in the Stabilization Level of training, they should hold the landing position for how many seconds before repeating the movement?
overworked kidneys.
A high-protein diet consisting of more than 30% of total caloric intake from protein is most likely associated with:
An increase in Golgi tendon organ activity results in relaxation of a muscle.
When a client practices self-myofascial release, which of the following physiological changes is the goal?
Although quality and brand recognition are important, people ultimately buy personal training services based on the desire to produce a meaningful outcome. Therefore, all buying decisions are based on:
Exercise should be done in a supine position after the first trimester.
Which of the following is contraindicated when training a client who is pregnant?
Latissimus dorsi
During an overhead squat assessment, a client demonstrates an excessive anterior pelvic tilt. Which of the following muscles is probably shortened?
It allows lengthening of the muscle.
The Golgi tendon organ is an essential component of static stretching because:
150 minutes
Based on the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, which of the following is the recommended weekly amount of time for moderate-intensity aerobic activity?
Baked potato
Which of the following should an endurance athlete consume 2-4 hours before exercising to ensure adequate stores of muscle glycogen?
Seeking a client's perspective.
Which of the following describes the importance of active listening when engaging with a client?
During which part of the digestive system are protein strands broken down?
The result of two Z lines moving together.
Which of the following is a component of the sliding filament theory?
Movement assessment
Which of the following information is considered objective?
The principle that states the body will adapt to the demands that are placed upon it is called the Principle of:
Heart rate response
For hypertensive clients taking medications that will influence heart rate, which of the following methods to establish training heart rate is the most appropriate?
Which of the following muscles is probably underactive when the arms fall forward during an overhead squat?
Excess intake of any macronutrient will cause weight gain.
Which of the following should a trainer share with a client regarding carbohydrate intake and weight gain?
Shark skill test
Which of the following is most useful for assessing an athlete's lower extremity agility and neuromuscular control?
close-ended question
"From our discussion, I understand that your primary goal is to lose 10 pounds in the next 2 months. Is that correct?" This statement is an example of which of the following?
Check the scene for hazards.
What is the FIRST step a fitness professional should take when coming across an emergency situation that will require CPR?
When manually monitoring a client's pulse, the trainer counts 17 beats in 6 seconds. Which of the following is the client's heart rate?
Enhanced control of posture
Which of the following is a primary focus of stabilization training?
Your client fails at 3 to 5 repetitions.
Which of the following is a sign that a client has completed an accurate one-rep maximum bench press estimation test?
Radial artery
When assessing your clients resting heart rate, what location provides the most accurate measurement?
A high protein diet will cause the kidneys to work harder to eliminate the increased urea produced.
What is a negative side effect associated with the chronic use of a high protein, low carbohydrate diet?
Adductor static stretch
Based on Overhead Squat Assessment findings, if a client exhibits knees moving inward, which flexibility exercise is recommended?
Progression should be from seated machines to standing exercises, 8 to 10 exercises.
Which of the following should a trainer consider when designing a resistance training program for seniors?
A slow and controlled dumbbell chest press performed on a stability ball is an example of what type of specificity?
Transverse abdominis
Which of the following muscles is lengthened in Lower Crossed Syndrome?
Latissimus dorsi
Which of the following muscles is the prime mover when a client performs a row?
Single-leg squat touchdown
Which one of the following exercises is classified as a balance-strength exercise?
12 to 13
Which of the following ratings of perceived exertion on the Borg Scale would be implemented in a cardio training program for clients wanting to improve their aerobic base?
Multiplanar dumbbell step-up
Which of the following is an example of a strength level resistance training exercise for legs?
Cardiac output
How many times the heart beats per minute and how much blood is being pumped with each beat is known as:
Which of the five principles of goal setting focuses on establishing goals that are challenging but not extreme?
Over-pronation of the foot
Which of the following movement dysfunctions will create abnormal stress throughout the kinetic chain?
Select one:
Standing calf
During the overhead squat assessment, the trainer notices the client's feet turn out. Which of the following stretches should be used to lengthen the overactive muscles?
standing cable row
When performing a _____, the load should be positioned to resist shoulder extension and scapular retraction.
Which of the following groups or sub-groups represents the fitness professional's PRIMARY responsibility?
hand-wrist complex
All of the following make up the five kinetic chain checkpoints EXCEPT the
Which of the following types of strength allows the neuromuscular system to perform dynamic eccentric, isometric, and concentric muscle actions in all three planes of motion?
It is a way of training that works different body parts on different days.
Which of the following describes a split routine in a resistance training program?
When talking to a client, conversational techniques that express the purported meaning of what was just heard are referred to as:
Upper trapezius
If a client demonstrates shoulder elevation while performing a cable row exercise, which of the following muscles is considered overactive?
Which of the following is the innermost layer of muscular connective tissue?
Prone Iso-ab
Which of the following core-training exercises is best for a new client?
Which of the following is a measuring site of the Durnin-Womersley formula?
Which of the following macronutrients should be consumed in the highest percentage for a healthy diet?
Mid and lower trapezius
A client's shoulders elevate during a pulling assessment. Which of the following muscles may be underactive?
subtracting the client's age from 220.
A client's maximum heart rate must be established prior to administering the YMCA 3-minute step test. This is achieved by:
standing triceps extension
When performing a _____, the load must be placed in such a way to resist elbow extension.
The ability to react and change body position, with maximum rate of force production, in all planes of motion, and from all body positions during functional activities is:
heart rate
Dehydration affects the body by increasing:
Medical background
Which of the following is a category of subjective information?
Single-leg box hop-up with stabilization
Which of the following is a Power Level balance exercise?
Which of the following terms refers to the elevation of the body's metabolism after exercise?
120 mm Hg
Which of the following is an expected systolic blood pressure for a healthy client?
To ensure proper front-side mechanics during sprinting, the ankle must be in a position of:
Select one:
Resistance development
A client who has an increased functional capacity to adapt to a stressor is in which of the following stages of the general adaptation syndrome?