english 10 honors literature terms

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Allusion
an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
Analogy
a comparison between two things, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
anecdote
a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person.
assonance
in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in nonrhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for the echo to be discernible
atmosphere/mood
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author
a person who writes a novel, poem, essay
autobiography
an account of a person's life written by that person.
biography
an account of someone's life written by someone else.
comedy
type of dramatic work that is amusing and satirical in its tone, mostly having cheerful ending
conflict
a serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one.
connotations
an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning.
dialect
a particular form of a language that is peculiar to a specific region or social group.
dialoge
conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or movie.
diction
he choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing.
didactic Literature
often have morals to impart or are written to teach us something about religion, philosophy, history, or politics.
direct characteristics
the process by which the personality of a fictitious character is revealed by the use of descriptive adjectives, phrases, or epithets.
drama
a play for theater, radio, or television
dramatic irony
a literary technique, originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character's words or actions are clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character.
dynamic characterization
a literary or dramatic character who undergoes an important inner change, as a change in personality or attitude
epic
long narrative poem
essay
a short piece of writing on a particular subject.
figure of speech
a word or phrase used in a non-literal sense for rhetorical or vivid effect.
first- person point of view
someone telling you his or her story,
flashback
an interruption of the chronological sequence (as of a film or literary work) of an event of earlier occurrence."
flat character
two-dimensional in that they are relatively uncomplicated and do not change throughout the course of a work.
foil
prevent (something considered wrong or undesirable) from succeeding.
foreshadowing
be a warning or indication of (a future event).
hyperbole
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
idiom
a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words
imagery
visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work.
indirect characterization
the process by which the personality of a fictitious character is revealed through the character's speech, actions, appearance, etc.
irony
the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.
metaphor
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
narration
the action or process of narrating a story.
nonfiction
prose writing that is based on facts, real events, and real people, such as biography or history.
novel
a fictitious prose narrative of book length, typically representing character and action with some degree of realism.
omniscent
knowing everything
onomatopoeia
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named
paradox
figure of speech in which a statement appears to contradict itself.
parallelism
a balance within one or more sentences of similar phrases or clauses that have the same grammatical structure.
parody
an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect.
personification
he attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
persuasion
the action or fact of persuading someone or of being persuaded to do or believe something.
plot
the main events of a play, novel, movie, or similar work, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence.
point of view
the narrator's position in relation to the story being told.
protagonist
the leading character or one of the major characters in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text.
pun
a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
romance
a feeling of excitement and mystery associated with love.
round character
s extremely realistic, behaving and speaking in a "real life" manner
satire
the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues.
setting
the place or type of surroundings where something is positioned or where an event takes place.
short story
a story with a fully developed theme but significantly shorter and less elaborate than a novel.
simile
a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid
situational irony
irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected.
soliloquy
an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play.
speaker
he voice behind the poem—the person we imagine to be saying the thing out loud.
static character
a literary or dramatic character who undergoes little or no inner change; a character who does not grow or develop.
suspense
a state or feeling of excited or anxious uncertainty about what may happen.
symbol
a mark or character used as a conventional representation of an object, function, or process, e.g., the letter or letters standing for a chemical element or a character in musical notation.
theme
the subject of a talk, a piece of writing, a person's thoughts, or an exhibition; a topic
third person point of view
writing from the third person point of view and uses pronouns like he, she, it, or they.
tone
the general character or attitude of a place, piece of writing, situation, etc.
tragedy
a play dealing with tragic events and having an unhappy ending, especially one concerning the downfall of the main character.
verbal irony
when words express something contrary to truth or someone says the opposite of what they really feel or mean.