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Arts and Humanities
Milady Ch. #23
Terms in this set (72)
____determines what type of skin the client has, the condition of the skin, and what type of treatment the client's skin needs.
_____ determines whether the client has any contradictions that might prohibit certain skin treatments.
health screening form
____is a condition that requires avoiding certain treatments, procedures of products to prevent undesirable side effects.
an oral medication for cystic acne, causes thinning of the skin all over the body.
Should not be done on someone who has used isotertinoin in the last six months.
Waxing or exfoliation procedures
The amount of ______ produced by the sebaceous glands determines the size of the _____ and is hereditary.
Means lack of lipids and describes skin that does not produce enough sebum, indicated by absence of visible pores. Also known as dry skin.
_____ skin may be flaky or dry looking, with small fine lines and wrinkles.
_____ skin produces too much sebum will have large pores and the skin may appear shiny or greasy.
pores may be clogged from dead cells building up in the hair follicle, or may contain_____ and also known as_____?
_____are follicles impacted with solidified sebum and dead cell buildup.
_____ is considered a skin type because the tendency to develop ____ is hereditary.
____ Bacteria survive from breaking down sebum into fatty acids.
_____ are distended or dilated surface blood vessels
Are areas of skin with distended capillaries and diffuse redness
Most types of hyerpigmentation, or dark blotches of color are caused by____ and ____
sun exposure or hormone imbalances.
Has a thin, red pink look. skin will turn red easily and is easily inflamed by some skin care products. Should avoid strong product or cleaners
Has loss of elasticity and the skin tends to sag in areas around the eyes and jawline.
are non-foaming lotions cleaning designed to cleanse dry and sensitive types and to remove makeup.
Are cleansers containing surfactants (detergents) which cause the product to foam and rinse off easily. Generally for combination or oilier skin types.
Also knows as fresheners or astringents, are lotions that help rebalance the pH and remove remnants of cleaner from the skin. They may also contain ingredients that help to hydrate or soothe,
The removal of excess dead cells from the skin surface. Allows the skin to look smoother and clearer.
Help clear skin of clogged pores and can improve the appearance of wrinkles,aging and hyperpigmentaion.
products used to physically remove cell buildup.
Are peeling creams that are rubbed off of the skin. Also known as Roll-off masks
Scrubs that contain aluminum oxide crystals.
Are products that contain chemicals that either loosen or dissolve dead cell buildup.
Popular exfoliating chemicals?
Alpha hydroxy acids
these are gentle, naturally occurring acids that remove dead skin cells by dissolving the bonds and intercellular cement between cells.
Alpha hydroxy acids
Also known as keratolytic enzymes or protein-dissolving agents. They are a type of chemical exfoliants the work by dissolving keratin protein in the surface cells of the skin.
Are products that help increase the moisture content of the skin surface.
Moisturizers are basically mixtures of______
Also known as hydrators or water-binding agents, which are ingredients that attract water and emollients.
Are oily or fatty ingredients that prevent moisture from leaving the skin.
Shielding the skin from sun exposure is probably the most important habit to benefit the skin.
*Protect against both UVA and UVB light.
*Rating of 15 or higher is considered to be adequate strength for daily use.
SPF measurers how long someone can be exposed to the sun without ____
____ are concentrated products that generally contain higher concentrations of ingredients designed to penetrate the skin and treat various skin conditions.
*They are typically used at home, and are applied under a moisturizer or sunscreen.
Individual doses of serum, sealed in small vials.
Lubricants used to make the skin slippery during massage.
*Must be thoroughly removed before any other product can penetrate the skin.
Also known as masque, are concentrated treatments products often composed of mineral clays, moisturizing agents, skin softeners, aromatherapy oils, botanical extracts and other beneficial ingredients to cleans, exfoliate, tighten, tone, hydrate and nourish the skin.
oil-absorbing cleaning masks that have an exfoliating effect and a astringent effect on oily and combination skin.
Masks often containing oils, they have a strong moisturizing effect, they do not dry on the skin like clay masks, they are often used to moisturize dry skin.
They are melted at little more than body temperature before application.
*are applied over a treatment cream to allow the cream's ingredients to penetrate more deeply into the surface layers of the skin.
Paraffin Wax masks
contain special crystals of gypsum, a plaster like ingredient.
*the chemical retain that occurs when the plaster and the crystals mix with water produces a gradual increase in temperature that reaches approximately 105 degrees Fahrenheit.
____ holds the mask on the face, while allowing the ingredients to seep through to benefit the skin.
*Also used to keep paraffin and gypsum/plaster masks from sticking to the skin and the tiny hairs on the skin
Manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing, gently pinching, kneading, tapping and other movements to increase metabolism and circulation, to promote absorption and to relieve pain.
The direction of movement is always from the_____ of the muscle toward its origin.
*Where it is attached to another muscle or to a movable bone or joint.
The _____ is the position of the muscle at the fixed attachment to an immovable section of the skeleton.
Massaging a muscle in the ____ direction could result in a loss of resiliency and sagging of the skin and muscles.
A light, continuous stroking movement applied in a slow, rhythmic manner with the fingers or the palms.
kneading movement performed by lifting, squeezing and pressing the tissue with a light, firm pressure.
tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spreading out; this technique is used mainly for massaging the arms.
A deep rubbing movement in which you apply pressure on the skin with your fingers or palm while moving it over an underlying structure.
Variations of friction and are used mainly to massage the arms and legs.
Chucking, rolling and wringing.
is pressing and twisting the tissue with a fast back and forth movement.
Grasping the flesh firmly in one hand and moving the hand up and down along the bone while the other hand keeps the arm or leg in a steady position.
A Vigorous movement in which the hands, placed a little distance apart on both sides of the clients arm or leg and working downward, apply a twisting motion against the bones in the opposite direction.
also known as percussion, consists of short quick tapping, slapping, and hacking movements.
Chopping movement performed with the edges of the hands
is a rapid shaking of the body part while the balls of the fingertips are pressed firmly on the point of application
middle fingers at the inner corners of the eyes and your index fingers over the brows. slide them toward the outer corners of the eyes, under the eyes, and then back to the inner corners.
Brow and eye movement
From the center of the upper lip draw your fingers around the mouth, going under the lower lip and chin.
Lip and chin movement
heats and produces a steam of warm steam that can be focused on the clients face or other areas of skin.
*Steaming the skin helps to soften the tissues, making it more accepting of moisturizers and other treatments products.
*steam also helps to relax and soften follicle accumulations such as comedones and clogged follicles, making them easier to extract.
is a rotating electric appliance with interchangeable brushes that can be attached to the rotating head.
*must apply a fairly thick layer of cleanser or moisturizer before using the brushing machine. so it provides a buffer so the brushes don't scratch the face.
use of electrical currents to treat the skin
have two positive electrodes called an anode, which has a red plug and cord, and a negative electrode called a cathode which has a black plug and cord.
is the process of softening and emulsifying hardened sebum stuck in the hair follicles
The process of using galvanic current to enable water-soluble products that contain ions to penetrate the skin.
A type of galvanic treatment using a very low level of electrical current.
*has many applications in the skin care and is best know for helping to tone the skin, producing a lifting effect for aging skin that lacks elasticity.
involves the client holding the electrode during treatment, creating an electrical stimulating massage.
Type of mechanical exfoliation that involves shooting aluminum oxide or other crystals at the skin with a hand-held device that exfoliates dead cells.
Therapeutic use of plant aromas for beauty and health treatments.
*though to benefit and enhance a persons physical, emotional, mental and spiritual well being.
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